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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Themes & Provenance ▸ Birds ▸ CockView Options:  |  |  | 

Cocks and Hens on Ancient Coins

Antiocheia, Pisidia, 138 - 192 A.D.

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A temple of MÍn has been excavated at Antioch, Pisidia. Luna, the Greek moon goddess, was female, which seems natural because the female menstrual cycle follows the lunar month. But MÍn was a male moon-god, probably originally of the indigenous non-Greek Karian people. By Roman times, MÍn was worshiped across Anatolia and in Attica. He was associated with fertility, healing, and punishment. MÍn is usually depicted with a crescent moon behind his shoulders, wearing a Phrygian cap, and holding a lance or sword in one hand and a pine-cone or patera in the other. His other attributes include the bucranium and cock.
RP86522. Bronze AE 13, Kryzanowska table 22 (uncertain dies), SNG BnF 1069 var. (legends), SNG Cop 16 var. (legends), SNGvA -, VF, well centered, slightly rough, weight 1.556 g, maximum diameter 13.2 mm, die axis 270o, Antioch in Pisidia (Yalvac, Turkey) mint, 138 - 192 A.D.; obverse ANTIOC, draped bust of MÍn right, on crescent, wearing Phrygian cap; reverse COLONIA, rooster standing right; from the David Cannon Collection, ex Beast Coins; scarce; $125.00 (Ä106.25)


Cales, Campania, Italy, c. 265 - 240 B.C.

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The Romans captured Cales in 335 B.C. and established a colony in 334 with Latin rights of 2,500 citizens. It was an important base in the war against Hannibal. Before 184 B.C. more settlers were sent there. After the Social War it became a municipium. Its fertile territory and manufacture of black glazed pottery, which was even exported to Etruria, made it prosperous. Inscriptions name six gates of the town: and there are considerable remains of antiquity, especially of an amphitheater and theater, of a supposed temple, a Roman necropolis, and other edifices.
GB88976. Bronze litra, SNG Cop 322; SNG ANS 188; BMC Italy p. 80, 26; SGCV I 548; HN Italy 435; HGC 1 375 (S), aVF, dark brown patina, corrosion, weight 7.377 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 330o, Cales (Calvi Risorta, Italy) mint, c. 265 - 240 B.C.; obverse head of Minerva left in crested Corinthian helmet, border of dots; reverse cock standing right, star upper left, CALENΩ downward on right, border of dots; ex Roma Numismatics; scarce; $100.00 (Ä85.00)


Dardanos, Troas, 4th Century B.C.

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In mythology, Dardanos was founded by Dardanus, from whom the city, the region and the people took their name. It lay on the Hellespont, and is the source of the strait's modern name, the Dardanelles. From Dardanus' grandson Tros the people gained the additional name of Trojans and the region gained the additional name Troad. Tros' son Ilus subsequently founded a city called Ilion (in Latin Ilium) down on the plain, the city now commonly called Troy, and the kingdom was split between Ilium and Dardania. The Dardani people appear in the Trojan War under Aeneas, in close alliance with the Trojans, with whose name their own is often interchanged, especially by the Roman poets.The Troad
GB87737. Bronze AE 17, SNG Cop 303; BMC Troas p. 50, 18; SNGvA -; SNG MŁnchen -; SNG TŁb -, F, porous, corrosion, weight 6.069 g, maximum diameter 17.0 mm, die axis 270o, Dardanos mint, 4th century B.C.; obverse horseman galloping right, raising right hand, wearing petasos, chlamys flying behind; reverse cock right, standing erect, ∆AP above, grain ear right below; scarce; $90.00 (Ä76.50)


Dardanos, Troas, 4th Century B.C.

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In mythology, Dardanos was founded by Dardanus, from whom the city, the region and the people took their name. It lay on the Hellespont, and is the source of the strait's modern name, the Dardanelles. From Dardanus' grandson Tros the people gained the additional name of Trojans and the region gained the additional name Troad. Tros' son Ilus subsequently founded a city called Ilion (in Latin Ilium) down on the plain, the city now commonly called Troy, and the kingdom was split between Ilium and Dardania. The Dardani people appear in the Trojan War under Aeneas, in close alliance with the Trojans, with whose name their own is often interchanged, especially by the Roman poets.The Troad
GB87738. Bronze AE 15, BMC Troas p. 48, 6; SNG Cop 287; SNGvA -; SNG TŁbingen -; SNG MŁnchen -, F, centered on a tight flan, corrosion, weight 3.964 g, maximum diameter 14.8 mm, die axis 0o, Dardanos mint, 4th century B.C.; obverse horseman galloping right, wearing petasos and chlamys flying behind, ΦIΛO KPA and owl below horse; reverse cock right, standing erect, ∆AP above, star over Athena Promachos in right field; rare; $90.00 (Ä76.50)


Dardanos, Troas, c. 4th Century B.C.

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In mythology, Dardanos was founded by Dardanus, from whom the city, the region and the people took their name. It lay on the Hellespont, and is the source of the strait's modern name, the Dardanelles. From Dardanus' grandson Tros the people gained the additional name of Trojans and the region gained the additional name Troad. Tros' son Ilus subsequently founded a city called Ilion (in Latin Ilium) down on the plain, the city now commonly called Troy, and the kingdom was split between Ilium and Dardania. The Dardani people appear in the Trojan War under Aeneas, in close alliance with the Trojans, with whose name their own is often interchanged, especially by the Roman poets.The Troad

GB89025. Bronze AE 11, SNG Cop 290; SNG Ashmolean 1126; BMC Troas p. 49, 10; SNGvA -; SNG MŁnchen -; SNG TŁbingen -, gF, dark patina with buff earthen highlighting, obverse off center, marks, weight 1.207 g, maximum diameter 10.5 mm, die axis 180o, Dardanos mint, c. 4th Century B.C.; obverse horseman galloping right, wearing chiton, chlamys (flying behind) and petasos, raising right hand; reverse cock standing right, race torch (control symbol) upper left, ∆APdownward on right; ex Numismatik Lanz; rare; $80.00 (Ä68.00)


Suessa Aurunca, Campania, Italy, c. 265 - 240 B.C.

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In 340 B.C. the Aurunci people surrendered to Rome. Their primary city Aurunci was destroyed by the neighboring Sidicini tribe in 337. In 313, a Latin colony, Suessa Aurunca, was founded at the site. The town was known for manufacturing carts and baskets. Cicero speaks of it as a place of some importance. The triumviri settled veterans here, renaming it Colonia Julia Felix Classica Suessa. From inscriptions it appears that Matidia the younger, sister-in-law of Hadrian, had property in the district. Suessa saw its maximum urban expansion in the early Roman imperial age when the town extended over an area almost twice its current size.
GB88975. Bronze litra, BMC Italy p. 125, 17; HN Italy 449; SNG ANS 609; Laffaille 21; Sambon 873; HGC 1 510 (S), aVF, dark brown patina, edge split, corrosion, weight 7008 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 270o, Suessa Aurunca mint, c. 265 - 240 B.C.; obverse head of Minerva left in crested Corinthian helmet (no serpent ornamentation), border of dots; reverse cock standing right, star upper left, SVESANO upward on right, border of dots; scarce; $80.00 (Ä68.00)







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Catalog current as of Friday, April 19, 2019.
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