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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Themes & Provenance ▸ Animals ▸ SphinxView Options:  |  |  | 

The Sphinx on Ancient Coins

Castulo, Hispania Ulterior, Mid 2nd Century B.C.

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After a local princess named Himilce married Hannibal, Castulo allied with Carthage. In 213 B.C., Castulo was the site of Hasdrubal Barca's crushing victory over the Roman army with a force of roughly 40,000 Carthaginian troops plus local Iberian mercenaries. Soon after the Romans made a pact with the residents and the city became a foederati (ally) of Rome.
GB89045. Bronze as, Villaronga-Benages 2126, Villaronga 23, SNG BM Spain 1298, Burgos 695, SNG Cop -, aVF, earthen encrustation, scratches, spots of light corrosion, reverse a little off center, weight 18.451 g, maximum diameter 29.1 mm, die axis 90o, Castulo (near Linares, Spain) mint, mid 2nd century B.C.; obverse diademed head right; reverse helmeted sphinx walking right, left foreleg raised, star before, KASTILO in Iberic script below exergue line; ex Rusty Romans; $100.00 (Ä88.00)


Castulo, Hispania Ulterior, c. 165 - 80 B.C.

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After a local princess named Himilce married Hannibal, Castulo allied with Carthage. In 213 B.C., Castulo was the site of Hasdrubal Barca's crushing victory over the Roman army with a force of roughly 40,000 Carthaginian troops plus local Iberian mercenaries. Soon after the Romans made a pact with the residents and the city became a foederati (ally) of Rome.
GB88984. Bronze as, Villaronga-Benages 2133; Villaronga p. 334, 30; SNG BM Spain 1311; Burgos 699; SNG Cop -, VF, attractive style, green patina, strike a little weak, ragged irregularly shaped flan, a few flan flaws (pits), weight 13.380 g, maximum diameter 28.0 mm, die axis 0o, Castulo (near Linares, Spain) mint, c. 165 - 80 B.C.; obverse diademed head right, dolphin before swimming upward; reverse helmeted sphinx walking right, left foreleg raised, star before, KASTILO in Iberic script below exergue line; ex Sayles & Lavender; $70.00 (Ä61.60)


Chios, Islands off Ionia, 310 - 290 B.C.

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According to Chian tradition, the Apostle Paul passed through Chios on his way to Greece in 54 A.D., but this has no historical basis. The first person to teach Christianity on the island was St. Isidore, the islandís great protector and patron saint. He was an officer in the Roman navy and arrived at Chios with a Roman fleet in 250 A.D. In 252, Isidore confessed himself as a Christian to the fleet commander. Unwilling to repent and worship the gods of the state, he was tormented and beheaded, and his body cast into a cistern. According to tradition, his friends, also destined to martyrdom, retrieved the body and interred it properly. On his grave miraculous recoveries were reported and a chapel was built. St Isidoreís veneration spread in all the Mediterranean sea and he became a sailors' protector. In 1125 his remains were brought from Chios to the Venetian Basilica of St. Mark, which contains a small chapel containing the sarcophagus.
GB91404. Bronze AE 13, Mavrogordato 58β; SNG Cop 1557, HGC 6 1156 (R1), SNGvA -, BMC Ionia -, VF, olive patina, well centered on a tight flan, crude workmanship, blundered inscriptions, weight 2.296 g, maximum diameter 13.1 mm, die axis 0o, Chios mint, 310 - 290 B.C.; obverse sphinx seated left left, curled wing, bunch of grapes before; reverse Chian amphora, caduceus outer left, XIOΣ downward on left, HIΘEOΣ (magistrate) downward on right; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; rare; $60.00 (Ä52.80)


Castulo, Hispania Ulterior, c. 165 - 80 B.C.

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After a local princess named Himilce married Hannibal, Castulo allied with Carthage. In 213 B.C., Castulo was the site of Hasdrubal Barca's crushing victory over the Roman army with a force of roughly 40,000 Carthaginian troops plus local Iberian mercenaries. Soon after the Romans made a pact with the residents and the city became a foederati (ally) of Rome.
CE90779. Bronze AE 26, Villaronga p. 335, 32; SNG BM Spain 1314 ff.; SNG Cop 210; Burgos 545, F, green patina with earthen highlighting, irregular flan, weight 10.200 g, maximum diameter 26.4 mm, die axis 90o, Castulo (near Linares, Spain) mint, c. 165 - 80 B.C.; obverse diademed head right, crescent before; reverse helmeted sphinx walking right, star before, KASTILO in Iberic script below exergual line; ex Jencek Historical Enterprise; $45.00 (Ä39.60)







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Catalog current as of Monday, July 15, 2019.
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Sphinx