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The she-wolf was the symbol of Rome from ancient times. The famous "lupa capitolina" suckled the legendary Romulus and Remus.
Macrinus, 11 April 217 - 8 June 218 A.D., Parium, Mysia
In Roman mythology, Romulus and Remus were the twin sons of the Vestal Virgin Rhea Silvia, fathered by the god of war, Mars. They were abandoned in the Tiber as infants. Faustulus, a shepherd, found the infants being suckled by the she-wolf (Lupa) at the foot of the Palatine Hill. Their cradle, in which they had been abandoned, was on the shore overturned under a fig tree. Faustulus and his wife, Acca Larentia, raised the children. Romulus was the first King of Rome.RP85227. Bronze AE 23, SNG BnF 1503, BMC Mysia -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, SNG Çanakkale -, SNG Tüb -, SNG Hunt -, Weber -, aVF, nice portrait, well centered, light corrosion, weight 5.905 g, maximum diameter 22.7 mm, die axis 225o, Parium (Kemer, Canakkale, Turkey) mint, 11 Apr 217 - 8 Jun 218 A.D.; obverseIMP C M OPE SEV MACRINVS, laureate, draped, and cuirassedbust right; reverse C G I H P (Colonia Gemella Iulia Hadriana Pariana), she-wolf standing right, head left, suckling the twin infants Romulus and Remus; $110.00 (€93.50)
Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D., Antiocheia, Pisidia
Paul of Tarsus gave his first sermon to the Gentiles (Acts 13:13-52) at Antiochia in Pisidia, and visited the city once on each of his missionary journeys, helping to make Antioch a center of early Christianity in Anatolia. Antioch in Pisidia is also known as Antiochia Caesareia and Antiochia in Phrygia. RP86498. Bronze AE 29, Krzyzanowska (XVII/41), SNG BnF 1324 (same obverse die), SNG Cop 92 (same), SNGvA -, SNG PfPs -, BMC Lycia -, VF, blue-green patina, obverse center not fully struck, bumps and marks, weight 12.533 g, maximum diameter 29.1 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch in Pisidia (Yalvac, Turkey) mint, Aug 253 - Sep 268 A.D.; obverse IMP CA GALIHNVS PIVS, radiate and draped bust right; reverse ANTIOCHI COL, she-wolf right standing right, head turned back looking left, suckling the twins Romulus and Remus, S R (Senatus Romanum) in exergue; $90.00 (€76.50)
Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Parium, Mysia
Founded in 709 B.C., the ancient city of Parion was a major coastal city, near Lampsacus, with two harbors used to connect Thrace with Anatolia. Parium belonged to the Delian League. In the Hellenistic period, it came under the domain of Lysimachus, and subsequently the Attalid dynasty. Julius Caesar refounded it as a colonia in the province of Asia. It was the main customs station through which all goods bound for Byzantium from Greece and the Aegean had to pass. When this coin was minted, Parium was within the Conventus of Adramyteum. After Asia was divided in the 4th century, Parium was in the province of Hellespontus. Today it is the village of Kemer in the township of Biga, Canakkale province, Turkey.RP85224. Bronze AE 24, SNG Çanakkale 218, SNG Cop 295 var. (obv. leg. no AV); BMC Mysia p. 106, 107 var. (obv. leg. ends A); SNG BnF -; SNGvA -; SNG Tüb -; et al. -, VF, full circles strike, scratches, weight 8.503 g, maximum diameter 23.7 mm, die axis 225o, Parium (Kemer, Canakkale, Turkey) mint, 28 Jan 198 - 8 Apr 217 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS PIVS AV, laureate, draped and cuirassedbust right, beardless, from behind; reverse she-wolf standing right, head left, suckling the twins Romulus and Remus, C G I H PAR (Colonia Gemella Iulia Hadriana Pariana) curving above, final R in exergue; rare; $80.00 (€68.00)
Argos, Argolis, Peloponnesos, Greece, 370 - 270 A.D.
The site of ancient Argos Amphilochicum is near the modern town of Loutron on the Ambracian Gulf. According to varying traditions cited by Strabo, it was founded after the Trojan War by Alkmeion or his brother Amphilochos. No Mycenaean remains have been found, but Hekataios mentions the site at the end of the 6th century B.C. The rival of Ambrakia Arta in the 5th century B.C., it was allied with Athens at the beginning of the Peloponnesian War.GB85882. Bronze chalkous, BCD Peloponnesos 1054; Nemea 1686 - 1714; BMC Peloponnesus p. 144, 101; HGC 5 707 (S), aVF, rough, obverse double struck, weight 1.640 g, maximum diameter 12.6 mm, die axis 0o, Argos mint, 370 - 270 A.D.; obverse wolf head left; reverse large A, facing crested Macedonian helmet below crossbar; ex J. Cohen Collection.; scarce; $70.00 (€59.50)
City of Rome Commemorative, 332 - 333 A.D.
On 11 May 330, Constantine I refounded Byzantium, renamed it Constantinopolis after himself, and moved the capital of the Roman Empire from Rome to his new city. The new capital was Christian, old gods and traditions were either replaced or assimilated into a framework of Christian symbolism. Constantine built the new Church of the Holy Apostles on the site of a temple to Aphrodite. Generations later there was the story that a divine vision led Constantine to this spot. The capital would often be compared to the 'old' Rome as Nova Roma Constantinopolitana, the "New Rome of Constantinople." Special commemorative coins were issued with types for both Rome and Constantinople to advertise the importance of the new capital.RL79233. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Trier 542, LRBC I 65, SRCV IV 16488, Cohen VII 17, Hunter V 1 var. (1st officina), Choice EF, perfect centering, reverse strike slightly weak, light porosity, weight 2.704 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 332 - 333 A.D.; obverseVRBS ROMA, helmeted bust of Roma left wearing imperial mantle; reverse she-wolf standing left, head turned back right, suckling the infant twins Romulus and Remus, two stars above, TR•S in exergue; $60.00 (€51.00)