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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Themes & Provenance ▸ Gods, Olympians ▸ Ares or MarsView Options:  |  |  |   

Ares or Mars

God of war and bloodshed. Symbols include the boar and the spear. Son of Zeus and Hera.


Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D.

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The reverse legend refers to sacrifices Augustus made to Jupiter prior to his departure for Gaul in 16 B.C. The reverse legend abbreviates, "Vota Publica Suscepta Pro Salute et Reditu Iovi Optimo Maximo Sacrata," which means, "public sacrifices have been made to holy Jupiter, the best and greatest, for the well-being and the [safe] return [of the Emperor]."
SH84730. Silver denarius, RIC I 150b (R4), RSC I 326, BMCRE I 438, BnF I 1242, Hunter I 187 var. (obv. head right), SRCV I 1641 var. (same), Nice EF, light toning with luster in recesses, nice portrait, reverse slightly off center, some obverse die wear, weight 3.922 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 180o, Colonia Patricia (Cordoba, Spain) mint, c. Jul 17 - 16 B.C.; obverse S P Q R CAESARI AVGVSTO, bare head left, linear border; reverse VOT P SVSC PRO SAL ET RED I O M SACR, Mars standing left, helmeted, nude but for cloak on shoulders and left arm, vexillum vertical before him in right hand, parazonium sloped over left shoulder in left hand, linear border; this is the first ever example of this rare type handled by Forum, from the Marcelo Leal Collection; very rare; $2500.00 (2225.00)


Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.

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The as is a rare denomination for Septimius Severus.
SH66874. Copper as, RIC IV 683, BMCRE V 527A, Cohen IV 313 (4 Fr), VF, weight 11.298 g, maximum diameter 24.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 194 A.D.; obverse L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP IIII, laureate head right; reverse MARS PATER, Mars walking right, nude but for helmet and cloak over shoulder flying behind, transverse spear in right hand, trophy of captured arms in left over shoulder; very rare; $200.00 (178.00)


Licinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.

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On 8 October 314, at the Battle of Cibalae, Constantine defeated Licinius near Colonia Aurelia Cibalae (modern Vinkovci, Croatia). Licinius was forced to flee to Sirmium, and lost all of the Balkans except for Thrace. The two Augusti initiated peace negotiations, but they failed and they would not make peace until 1 March 317.
RL76327. Billon follis, Unlisted bust variety of a very rare type; RIC VII Ticinum 4 (R4) var. (head), SRCV IV 15258 var. (same), Cohen VII 139, Hunter V -, VF, well centered, light contact marks and corrosion, weight 3.147 g, maximum diameter 21.5 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 313 A.D.; obverse IMP LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from front; reverse MARTI CONSERVATORI, Mars standing right, helmeted, in military dress, reversed spear in right hand, left hand resting on grounded shield, PT in exergue; $155.00 (137.95)


Amisos, Pontos, c. 120 - 63 B.C.

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Amisos was settled c. 760 - 750 B.C. by people from Miletus, who established a flourishing trade relationship with the ancient peoples of Anatolia. Amisos came under the rule of the Persian Empire, Alexander the Great's Macedonian Empire, and then the Kingdom of Pontus. The Romans took control in 47 B.C. and Amisos remained within the Byzantine Empire after the fall of Rome. In 1200, the city was captured by the Seljuks, to be later taken over by the Ilhanlilar. Amisos today is Samsun, a city of about half a million people on the north coast of Turkey.
GB77170. Bronze AE 20, SNG Cop 153; SNG BM 1162 corr. (monograms); Stancomb 680 var. (same); BMC Pontus p. 17, 48 ff. var. (same); SNG SNGvA 64 var. (same); HGC 7 241, VF, tight flan, flan adjustment marks, weight 7.960 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 0o, Amisos (Samsun, Turkey) mint, c. 120 - 63 B.C.; obverse head of Ares right in crested helmet; reverse sword in sheath with strap to right, AMI−ΣOY divided across field, star within crescent with horns up upper left, monograms upper right, lower left and lower right; $135.00 (120.15)


Amisos, Pontos, c. 120 - 63 B.C.

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Amisos was settled c. 760 - 750 B.C. by people from Miletus, who established a flourishing trade relationship with the ancient peoples of Anatolia. Amisos came under the rule of the Persian Empire, Alexander the Great's Macedonian Empire, and then the Kingdom of Pontus. The Romans took control in 47 B.C. and Amisos remained within the Byzantine Empire after the fall of Rome. In 1200, the city was captured by the Seljuks, to be later taken over by the Ilhanlilar. Amisos today is Samsun, a city of about half a million people on the north coast of Turkey.
GB77171. Bronze AE 19, SNG BM 1161; SNGvA 64; BMC Pontus p. 17, 48; SNG Stancomb 679 var. (monograms); SNG Cop 154 ff. var. (same); SGCV II 3643; HGC 7 241, VF, tight flan, coarse green patina, weight 8.417 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 0o, Amisos (Samsun, Turkey) mint, c. 120 - 63 B.C.; obverse head of Ares right in crested helmet; reverse sword in sheath with strap, AMI−ΣOY divided across field, star within crescent with horns up upper left, IB upper right, monograms lower left and right; $135.00 (120.15)


Marcus Aurelius, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D.

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Mars was the god of war and also an agricultural guardian. He was the father of Romulus and Remus, the legendary founders of Rome. In early Rome, he was second in importance only to Jupiter, and the most prominent of the military gods in the religion of the Roman army. Most of his festivals were held in March, the month named for him (Latin Martius), and in October, which began and ended the season for military campaigning and farming.
RB84425. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC III 992, BMCRE IV 1385, Szaivert MIR 18 206, Cohen II 127, SRCV II 4966, aF, nice portrait, well centered, weight 28.977 g, maximum diameter 32.6 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 171 A.D.; obverse M ANTONINVS AVG TR P XXV, laureate head right; reverse COS III (consul 3 times), Mars advancing right, helmeted, nude but for cloak tied at waist and flying behind, spear in right hand, trophy across left shoulder in left hand, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking his knees; $130.00 (115.70)


Roman Republic, Anonymous, 241 - 235 B.C.

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In 235 B.C. in Rome, the consul Titus Manlius Torquatus presided over the first ever closing of the gates of the Temple of Janus, signifying peace.
RR72276. Bronze litra, Crawford 25/3, Sydenham 26, BMCRR Romano-Campanian 64, HN Italy 299, SNG Cop 204, F, rough, tight flan, weight 2.789 g, maximum diameter 15.9 mm, die axis 45o, Rome(?) mint, 241 - 235 B.C.; obverse helmeted head of beardless Mars right; reverse bridled horse's head right, sickle behind, ROMA below; scarce; $125.00 (111.25)


Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D.

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Mars holds both the implements of war and the olive branch of peace. "Peace through strength" is an ancient phrase and concept implying that strength of arms is a necessary component of peace. The phrase has famously been used by many leaders from Roman Emperor Hadrian in the first century A.D., to Ronald Reagan in the 1980s.
RB78076. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 152, Cohen V 146, Banti 37, SRCV III, VF, centered on a flan crowding off the top half of the obverse legend and most of the reverse legend, reverse double struck, light marks and corrosion, weight 10.207 g, maximum diameter 27.0 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Rome mint, 8th emission, 248 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse P M TR P V COS III P P, Mars standing left in military garb, raising olive branch in right hand, right hand on grounded shield, inverted spear leaning on left shoulder, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across field; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; rare; $125.00 (111.25)


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

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Virtus was a specific virtue in ancient Rome. It carried connotations of valor, manliness, excellence, courage, character, and worth, perceived as masculine strengths (from Latin vir, "man"). Virtus applied exclusively to a man's behavior in the public sphere, that is to the application of duty to the res publica in the cursus honorum. Private business was no place to earn virtus, even when it involved courage or feats of arms or other good qualities. There could be no virtue in exploiting one's manliness in the pursuit of personal wealth, for example. It was thus a frequently stated virtue of Roman emperors and was personified as the deity Virtus.
RL84026. Silvered antoninianus, RIC V, part 2, 816; SRCV III 12071 var. (...P F AVG); Cohen VI 894; Hunter IV -, EF, full silvering, full circles centering, some flatly struck areas, weight 3.888 g, maximum diameter 22.4 mm, die axis 180o, 5th officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, emmision 5, 278 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR PROBVS P AVG, radiate bust left in consular robe, eagle-tipped scepter in right hand; reverse VIRTVS PROBI AVG (the valor of Emperor Probus), Mars walking right, helmeted, nude but for cloak tied in belt at waist and flying behind, transverse spear upward right in right hand, trophy of captured arms over left shoulder in left hand, XXIV in exergue; $125.00 (111.25)


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

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In 278 A.D., Probus defeated the Alamanni, expelled the Franks from Gaul, reorganized the Roman defenses on the Rhine and resettled the Germanic tribes in the devastated provinces. He adopted the titles Gothicus Maximus and Germanicus Maximus.
SH62614. Silvered antoninianus, Alfldi Siscia V type 96, n 79; RIC, part 2, V 811 var. (bust type), EF, sharp, near full silvering and centering, weight 3.665 g, maximum diameter 22.7 mm, die axis 180o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 278 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse VIRTVS PROBI AVG (the valor of Emperor Probus), Mars walking right, nude but for cloak flying behind, transverse spear in right hand, trophy over shoulder in left, XXIVI in exergue; $110.00 (97.90)




  



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Ares or Mars