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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Themes & Provenance ▸ Personifications ▸ HappinessView Options:  |  |  |   

Happiness (Felicitas)

Happiness, cheerfulness and joy (or gaiety) are personified on Roman coins by Felicitas, Hilaritas and Laetitia. Coins with these subjects celebrated the brighter side of life, or in harder times explained that the Empire was moving toward a happier future.


Macrinus, 11 April 217 - 8 June 218 A.D.

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Macrinus was Praetorian Prefect for Caracalla but arranged Caracalla's assassination and seized power. He and his son were accepted by the senate. The Syrian legions, inspired by Julia Maesa, Caracalla's aunt, revolted after he concluded an unfavorable peace with the Persians. He was defeated and executed.
SL84525. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 139 (S), BMCRE V 120 var. (also draped, noted), Cohen IV 66 71, SRCV II 7386, Hunter III -, Ch VF, strike 5/5, surface 5/5 (4373010-005), lovely mahogany tone with lighter tones on the high points, weight 20.5 g, maximum diameter 31 mm, die axis 15o, Rome mint, 11 Apr 217 - 31 Dec 217 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES M OPEL SEV MACRINVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right, from the front; reverse PONTIF MAX TR P COS P P, Felicitas standing facing, head left, long caduceus in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, drapery over left arm, S - C flanking across field below center; NGC Certified, ex Stacks-Bowers; $990.00 (881.10)


Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D.

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Felicitas was the goddess or personification of good luck and success. She played an important role in Rome's state religion during the empire and was frequently portrayed on coins. She became a prominent symbol of the wealth and prosperity of the Roman Empire.
RS75697. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 75A (R); RSC IV 130, SRCV III 8945, Hunter III -, EF, superb strike with sharp dies, nice metal, weight 4.966 g, maximum diameter 22.4 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 247 - 248 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse P M TR P IIII COS P P, Felicitas standing left, long caduceus in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; $360.00 (320.40)


Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

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The obverse and reverse legends and types are known from the London mint with MLXXI in the exergue and B - E across the reverse field (RIC V 31, Web Carausius 34). This variety, without marks and perhaps unofficial, is unpublished in the many references examined by Forum. We also could not find an example online. This is the only example known to Forum.
RA73246. Billon antoninianus, Apparently unpublished, RIC V -, Webb Carausius -, Casey -, Hunter -, SRCV IV -, King Unmarked -, Burton Latimer -, et al., aVF, green patina, broad flan, crude, light marks, weight 3.624 g, maximum diameter 22.1 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain mint, obverse IMP CARAVSIVS P F AVG, radiate and draped bust right; reverse FELICITAS AVG (the good fortune of the Emperor), Felicitas standing facing, head left, long caduceus vertical in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection; possibly unique!; $250.00 (222.50)


Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D.

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On 25 February 138, Hadrian designated Antoninus Pius his successor, on condition that he adopt Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus. Hadrian died on 10 July after a heart failure at Baiae, he was buried at Rome in the Gardens of Domitia beside his wife, Vibia Sabina. Antoninus Pius succeeded Hadrian as Emperor and asked the Senate to confer divine honors for Hadrian.
SH77280. Silver denarius, BMCRE IV 17, RIC III 11 (S), RSC II 77, Strack III 16, SRCV IV 4054, VF, nice portrait, centered on a tight flan, toned, die wear, tiny edge cracks, weight 3.216 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 138 A.D.; obverse IMP T AEL CAES HADRI ANTONINVS, bare head right; reverse AVG PIVS P M TR P COS DES II, Felicitas standing left, caduceus in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; from the Jyrki Muona Collection, ex Barry Murphy; scarce; $240.00 (213.60)


Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D.

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Felicitas was the goddess or personification of good luck and success. She played an important role in Rome's state religion during the empire and was frequently portrayed on coins. She became a prominent symbol of the wealth and prosperity of the Roman Empire.
RB76159. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 169a, Hunter III 61, Cohen V 44, SRCV III 8992, Choice gVF, superb portrait, well centered, weight 22.680 g, maximum diameter 31.6 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 245 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse FELICITAS TEMP (happy times), Felicitas standing facing, head left, long caduceus in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, S - C flanking across field; ex Savoca Numismatik, auction 1 (9 Apr 2015), lot 351; $225.00 (200.25)


Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D.

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Felicitas was the goddess or personification of good luck and success. She played an important role in Rome's state religion during the empire and was frequently portrayed on coins. She became a prominent symbol of the wealth and prosperity of the Roman Empire.
RB83480. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 150a, Cohen V 138, Hunter III - (p. lxxxvii), SRCV III 9005, gVF, superb portrait, centered on a tight squared flan, green encrustations, weight 17.859 g, maximum diameter 28.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 247 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse P M TR P IIII COS II P P, Felicitas standing half left, long caduceus in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; $170.00 (151.30)


Florianus, June or July - August or September 276 A.D.

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Laetitia was a minor Roman goddess of gaiety, her name deriving from the root word laeta, meaning happy.
RA83679. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 4220, RIC V 34, BnF XII 1895, Venra 2475 - 2487, Gloucester 799, Hamburger Kunsthalle 1581, Maravielle 828, Navis-Mhlen 168, VF, centered, nice portrait, traces of silvering, scratches, weight 3.83 g, maximum diameter 22.1 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Rome mint, issue 1, Jul - Aug 276 A.D.; obverse IMP C FLORIANVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse LAETITIA FVND, Laetitia standing left, wreath in right hand, anchor in left hand, XXIB in exergue; $160.00 (142.40)


Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D.

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Laetitia was a minor Roman goddess of gaiety, her name deriving from the root word laeta, meaning happy.
RS74465. Silver antoninianus, SRCV III 8617, RIC IV 86, RSC IV 121, Choice aEF, full circles strike on a broad flan, surfaces a little frosty, weight 5.310 g, maximum diameter 23.9 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 1 Jan 241 - Jul 43 A.D.; obverse IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse LAETITIA AVG N (the joy of our Emperor), Laetitia standing left, wreath in right hand, grounded anchor in left hand; $135.00 (120.15)


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

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In 280, Proculus, a Roman usurper, started a rebellion at Lugdunum (Lyon, France) and proclaimed himself emperor. Probus suppressed the revolt and Proculus was executed.
RA47769. Silvered antoninianus, RIC V, part 2, 104, Bastien IX 269, aMS, weight 3.473 g, maximum diameter 23.4 mm, die axis 180o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, obverse IMP C PROBVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse TEMPOR FELICI, Felicitas standing right holding long caduceus in right and cornucopia inwardly in left, I in exergue; full, solid silvering; $80.00 (71.20)


Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D.

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Felicitas was the goddess or personification of good luck and success. She played an important role in Rome's state religion during the empire and was frequently portrayed on coins. She became a prominent symbol of the wealth and prosperity of the Roman Empire.
RS84399. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 3, RSC IV 124, Hunter III 4, SRCV III 8944, VF, frosty surfaces, weight 3.430 g, maximum diameter 22.7 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 246 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse P M TR P III COS P P, Felicitas standing left, long caduceus in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; $80.00 (71.20)




  



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Happiness