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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Personifications| ▸ |Happiness||View Options:  |  |  | 

Happiness (Felicitas)

Happiness, cheerfulness and joy (or gaiety) are personified on Roman coins by Felicitas, Hilaritas and Laetitia. Coins with these subjects celebrated the brighter side of life, or in harder times explained that the Empire was moving toward a happier future.


Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

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Felicitas was the goddess or personification of happiness, good fortune, and success. She played an important role in Rome's state religion during the empire and was frequently portrayed on coins. She became a prominent symbol of the wealth and prosperity of the Roman Empire.
RA73473. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 1014 (S), Linchmere 1136 var. (P F AVG), Hunter IV 79 var. (P F AVG, TEMPO), Webb Carausius 1136 var. (same), King Unmarked -, Bicester -, F, green patina, broad flan, weight 4.016 g, maximum diameter 24.0 mm, die axis 270o, unmarked mint mint, c. mid 286 - 287; obverse IMP CARAVSIVS P AVG, radiate and draped bust right, early reign 'moustache' portrait; reverse TEMP FELIC (happy time), Felicitas standing slightly left, head left, grounded long caduceus vertical in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, fields blank; from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection; scarce; $180.00 SALE |PRICE| $162.00


Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

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Colchester (Camulodunum) and its wall were rebuilt by the Romans after Queen Boudica led a rebellion in A.D. 60 and destroyed the town. Balkerne Gate in Colchester is the largest Roman arch in Britain. Balkerne Gate Colchester
RA73281. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 420 (S), Webb Carausius 466, Cohen VII 347, Hunter IV 150, Askew 281, SRCV IV 13731, F/aF, bumps, encrustations, corrosion, weight 2.338 g, maximum diameter 21.5 mm, die axis 225o, Camulodunum (Colchester, England) mint, c. mid 292 - mid 293; obverse IMP C CARAVSIVS AVG, radiate and draped bust right; reverse TEMPORVM FELI (happy times), Felicitas standing left, long caduceus in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, S - P across fields, C in exergue; from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection; scarce; $160.00 SALE |PRICE| $144.00


Trebonianus Gallus, June or July 251 - July or August 253 A.D.

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It seems Felicitas disregarded the reverse of this coin, which was dedicated to her in the hope of promoting the good fortune of the people. In 251 A.D., a fifteen-year plague began in the Roman Empire.
SL89814. Silver antoninianus, RSC IV 34, RIC IV 82, SRCV III 9628, Hunter III - (p. cvi), NGC Ch AU, strike 5/5, surface 4/5 (2412807-062), weight 3.58 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 251 - 252 A.D.; obverse IMP C C VIB TREB GALLVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse FELICITAS PVBL, Felicitas standing left, turreted, long grounded caduceus vertical in right hand, scepter in left hand; from the Martineit Collection of Ancient and World Coins; $150.00 SALE |PRICE| $135.00


Julia Domna, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D.

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Felicitas was the goddess or personification of happiness, good fortune, and success. She played an important role in Rome's state religion during the empire and was frequently portrayed on coins. She became a prominent symbol of the wealth and prosperity of the Roman Empire.
RS92479. Silver denarius, RIC IV S551; RSC III 47; BMCRE V p. 160, S22; SRCV II 6581; Hunter III S24, Choice VF/F, nice portrait, well centered, toned, flow lines, light marks and scratches, small edge splits, weight 3.250 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, c. 206 A.D.; obverse IVLIA AVGVSTA, draped bare-headed bust right, hair in horizontal ridges, flat coil at back of head; reverse FELICITAS, Felicitas standing left, caduceus in right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $90.00 SALE |PRICE| $81.00


Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D.

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In 115, Jews in Egypt and Cyrene revolted (Kitos War) against Rome. The revolt spread to Cyprus, Judea, and Mesopotamia. Alexandria was devastated by fighting between Greeks and Jews. Marcus Rutilius Lupus, the governor, sent Legio XXII Deiotariana to protect the inhabitants of Memphis. Lusius Quietus, governor of Judea, conducted a brutal campaign to restore peace there. In 116, Quintus Marcius Turbo sailed to Alexandria and ended the rebellion by defeating the Jewish rebels in several pitched battles.
RB92943. Bronze dupondius, Woytek 535v, RIC II 674, Cohen II 353, BMCRE III 1027, BnF IV 850, SRCV II -, F, dark green patina, cracks, scratches, porosity, reverse a little off center, weight 14.029 g, maximum diameter 28.0 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 114 - 117 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS VI P P, radiate draped bust right; reverse SENATVS POPVLVSQVE ROMANVS, Felicitas standing slightly left, head left, caduceus in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across field; $80.00 SALE |PRICE| $72.00


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

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In 280, Proculus, a Roman usurper, started a rebellion at Lugdunum (Lyon, France) and proclaimed himself emperor. Probus suppressed the revolt and Proculus was executed.
RA47769. Silvered antoninianus, RIC V-2 104, Bastien IX 269, aMS, full silvering, excellent centering, weight 3.473 g, maximum diameter 23.4 mm, die axis 180o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, obverse IMP C PROBVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right, slight drapery on far shoulder; reverse TEMPOR FELICI (time of good fortune), Felicitas standing right, long caduceus in right hand, cornucopia inwardly in left hand, I in exergue; $40.00 SALE |PRICE| $36.00







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Catalog current as of Thursday, January 23, 2020.
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Happiness