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Here we depict coins that relate to travel but also to places in the ancient world. We will also include coins from the less common cities and mints when we want to share information about the location.
Titus, 24 June 79 - 13 September 81 A.D.
Vespasian, in 70 A.D., and Titus, in 71 A.D., both safely returned from the Judaea to Rome by sea voyage. This reverse, copied from Octavian, was struck on coins of both Vespasian and Titus to honor Neptune Redux and thank him for ensuring their safe return. RS85486. Silver denarius, RIC II, part 1, Vespasian 366; RSC II 121; BMCRE IIVespasian 80; BnF IIIVespasian 68; Hunter I V2, SRCV I -, VF, nice portrait, toned, weight 3.228 g, maximum diameter 18.0 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, as caesar, 72 - 73 A.D.; obverse T CAES IMP VESP PON TR POT, laureate head right; reverseNEP RED, Neptune standing left, nude but for cloak on shoulders, right foot on globe, apluster in right hand resting on knee, long scepter vertical behind in left hand; $180.00 SALE PRICE $162.00
Clodius Albinus, Late 195 or Early 196 - 19 February 197 A.D.
Fortuna was the goddess of luck, fortune, and fate. She might bring good luck, or bad. This coin was dedicated to Fortuna Reduci in the hope that she would helpClodius Albinus safely return to Rome. Apparently she wasn't impressed. Despite being caesar and consul when this coin was struck, Clodius remained in Britain. In 195 A.D., after consolidating his position, Septimius declared Clodius a public enemy. After Clodius was defeated in 197 A.D., his body, along with the bodies of his wife and children, were thrown into the Rhone at Lugdunum. Only his head returned to Rome - sent as a warning to others who might oppose Septimius.RB77426. Orichalcumsestertius, RIC IV 53a (R), Cayón III 17, BMCRE V 533, Cohen III 34, SRCV II 6150, Hunter II - (p. xliii), aF, weight 17.522 g, maximum diameter 27.8 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, as caesar, 194 - 195A.D.; obverse D CL SEPT ALBIN CAES, bare head right; reverseFORT REDVCI COS II, Fortuna seated left, holding tiller of rudder set on globe with right hand, cornucopia in left hand, wheel under seat, S C (senatus consulto) in exergue; rare; $140.00 SALE PRICE $126.00
Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D.
Annona was the goddess of harvest and her main attribute is grain. This reverse suggests the arrival of grain by sea from the provinces (especially from Africa) and its distribution to the people. By the Code De Naviculariis, the mariners appointed to carry grain from Egypt could be executed if they did not keep the proper course; and if they did not sail in the proper season, the master of the vessel would be banished.RB65293. Orichalcumsestertius, RIC III 981, BMCRE IV 2038, SRCV II 4254, Cohen II -, F, nice portrait, uneven strike, reverse slightly off center, weight 21.364 g, maximum diameter 30.3 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 157 - 158 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P IMP II, laureate head right; reverseTR POT XXI COS IIII, Annona standing slightly slightly left, stalks of grain pointed downward in her right over modius overflowing with stalks of grain at feet on left, rudder vertical behind in left resting on prow of galley right, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking low across field; $125.00 SALE PRICE $113.00
Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D.
Profectiones Imperatorum, the departure of an emperor on a journey or expedition, were undertaken with great pomp. This type was struck for Caracalla's departure on his Gallic expedition of 213 A.D.RS79974. Silver denarius, RIC IV 226; RSC III 509; BMCRE V p. 373, 95; Hunter III 19; SRCV II -, Choice gVF, well centered, a little frosty, edge cracks, weight 3.247 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 212 - 213 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, laureate head right; reversePROFECTIO AVG (travels of the Emperor), Caracalla standing half right, wearing military garb, transverse spear upward to right in both hands; attendant standing right behind the emperor, holding standard topped with a hand; scarce; $120.00 SALE PRICE $108.00
Mesembria, Thrace, 300 - 250 B.C.
The wheel on the reverse is depicted with a degree of perspective, which is unusual on ancient coins.GB68697. Bronze AE 20, SNG Stancomb 229, SNG Cop 658, SNG BM 276 var. (helmet left), VF, green patina, weight 4.348 g, maximum diameter 20.3 mm, die axis 90o, Mesambria (Nesebar, Bulgaria) mint, 300 - 250 B.C.; obverse Thracian helmet with cheek guard right; reverse MEΣAMBPIANΩN, wheel with hub; ex Pecunem Gitbud & Naumann, auction 7, lot 49; rare; $100.00 SALE PRICE $90.00
Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D.
Fortuna Redux, one of the many aspects of Fortuna, was in charge of bringing people home safely, primarily from wars - redux means "coming back" or "returning." She may be one of the later aspects of Fortuna, as the earliest mention of her is on an altar dedicated by the Senate in 19 B.C. for the safe return of Emperor Augustus.RA84443. Billonantoninianus, Göbl MIR 1350f, RSC IV 281, Hunter IV S178, RIC V S483, SRCV III 10218, VF, weight 2.604 g, maximum diameter 20.7 mm, die axis 135o, 2nd officina, Mediolanum (Milan, Italy) mint, c. 266 A.D.; obverse IMP GALLIENVS AVG, radiatebust right, drapery on left shoulder; reverseFORT REDVX, Fortuna seated left, holding rudder on globe by tiller in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, MS in exergue; $90.00 SALE PRICE $81.00
Trajan Decius, July 249 - First Half of June 251 A.D.
Adventus Augustus inscriptions commemorate the emperor's arrival at Rome, either at the commencement of his reign or on his return from a distance.RS71384. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 11b, RSC IV 4, Hunter III 6, SRCV III 9366, VF, weight 5.333 g, maximum diameter 23.1 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 249 - 251 A.D.; obverse IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, radiate and cuirassedbust right, from behind; reverseADVENTVS AVG (arrival of the Emperor), Trajan Decius on horseback left, raising right hand in salute, scepter in left hand; $85.00 SALE PRICE $76.50
Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D.
The Romans believed that Fortuna, after deserting the Persians and Assyrians, took flight over Macedonia and saw Alexander perish as she passed into Syria and Egypt. At last arriving on Mount Palatine, she threw aside her wings and casting away her wheel, entered Rome where she took up her abode forever. It appears, however, she kept her wheel. She just hid it under her seat.RB68877. Orichalcumsestertius, RIC III 513, Cohen III 153, BMCRE 618, SRCV II 5746, gF, nice green patina, weight 22.316 g, maximum diameter 30.8 mm, die axis 135o, Rome mint, 188 A.D.; obverse M COMMODVS ANT PFELIX AVG BRIT, laureate head right; reverseP M TR P XIII IMP VIIICOS V P P (hight priest, tribune of the people 13 years, imperator the 8th time, consul the 5th time, father of the country), Fortuna seated left, rudder on globe in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, wheel under seat, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across field, FOR RED in exergue; from the Jyrki Muona Collection; $60.00 SALE PRICE $54.00
Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.
Fortuna Redux, one of the many aspects of Fortuna, was in charge of bringing people home safely, primarily from wars - redux means "coming back" or "returning." She may be one of the later aspects of Fortuna, as the earliest mention of her is on an altar dedicated by the Senate in 19 B.C. for the safe return of Emperor Augustus.RS77363. Silver denarius, RIC IV 377 (S); RSC III 174a; Hunter III 178; BMCRE p. 92, 352; SRCV II -, aVF, nice exotic Emesastyle, porous, weight 3.029 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 180o, Emesa (Homs, Syria) mint, 194 - 195 A.D.; obverse IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, laureate head right; reverseFORTVN REDVC, Fortuna standing facing, head left, kalathos on head, rudder held by tiller in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; scarce; $50.00 SALE PRICE $45.00
Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D.
Annona with a modius and anchor suggests the arrival of grain by sea from the provinces, especially from Africa, and its distribution to the people. When Severus Alexander was away on his Persian and German campaigns (231-235) he continuously struck Annona types. With the legendPROVIDENTIA AVG, "The Foresight of the Emperor," he assured that, though he was away, he would be carefully monitoring Rome's grain supply!RB66646. Orichalcumsestertius, RIC IV 645; BMCRE VI p. 196, 815; Cohen IV 509; SRCV II 8013, F, flaw on obverse, weight 19.429 g, maximum diameter 30.9 mm, die axis 45o, Rome mint, 231 - 235 A.D.; obverse IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG, laureate bust right with drapery on left shoulder; reversePROVIDENTIA AVG (the foresight of the Emperor), Providentia (or Annona) standing left, holding grain downward in right hand over modius at feet on left, anchor in left hand, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking low across field; $45.00 SALE PRICE $40.50