, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D.
Sol Invictus ("Unconquered Sun") was the sun god of the later Roman Empire and a of soldiers. In 274 the Roman emperor made it an official cult alongside the traditional Roman cults. The god was favored by emperors after and appeared on their coins until Constantine. The last referring to Sol Invictus dates to 387 and there were enough devotees in the 5th century that Augustine found it necessary to preach against them. The date 25 December was selected for Christmas to replace the popular Roman festival Dies Natalis Solis , the "Birthday of the Unconquered Sun."RS79611. Silver , 293d; 389; p. 465, 194; 6848, -, EF, portrait, centering and strike, lustrous, tiny edge cracks, 3.157 g, maximum 19.9 mm, 180o, mint, 217 A.D.; ANTONINVS AVG , laureate right; XX P P (high priest, tribune of the people for 20 years, consul for the 4th time, father of the country), Sol standing slightly left, left, nude but for over shoulders and left arm, raising right hand commanding , whip in left hand; $350.00 (€311.50)
, "Thasian" , c. 148 - 80 B.C.
This Dionysos / Herakles was first struck by Thasos itself on the island and in its continental territories in the South of the Balkans, c. 168 - 148 B.C. After took control of the , "Thasian" types were struck by Roman authorities, c. 148 - 80 B.C., mainly in but also, perhaps, by mobile military mints on campaigns. Imitatives were also struck by at least several tribal groups (mainly or mixed enclaves) from as early as 120 - 100 B.C. to about 20 - 10 B.C.GS79635. Silver , , group XVI, 1226 (O DD4 / R 989); 1040 ff., VF, nice , light , bumps and scratches, die wear, 16.787 g, maximum 33.2 mm, 0o, Roman provincial or military mint, c. 148 - 80 B.C.; of Dionysos right, wearing and wreathed in flowering ivy; HPAKΛEOYΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ ΘAΣIΩN, Herakles standing half left, nude but for Nemean lion's skin on left arm, resting right hand on grounded club before him, left hand on hip, MH inner left; $300.00 (€267.00)
, "Thasian" , c. 148 - 80 B.C.
This Dionysos / Herakles was first struck by Thasos itself on the island and in its continental territories in the South of the Balkans, c. 168 - 148 B.C. After took control of the , "Thasian" types were struck by Roman authorities, c. 148 - 80 B.C., mainly in but also, perhaps, by mobile military mints on campaigns. Imitatives were also struck by at least several tribal groups (mainly or mixed enclaves) from as early as 120 - 100 B.C. to about 20 - 10 B.C.GS79632. Silver , , group XIV, 24, cf. 1100 - 1104 (V CD3 / -); 1046, VF, centered, , struck with a worn die, scrape on chin, scratches and marks, 16.690 g, maximum 33.1 mm, 0o, Roman provincial or military mint, c. 148 - 80 B.C.; of Dionysos right, wearing and wreathed in flowering ivy; HPAKΛEOYΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ ΘAΣIΩN, Herakles standing half left, nude but for Nemean lion's skin on left arm, resting right hand on grounded club before him, left hand on hip, inner left; $270.00 (€240.30)
, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.
The as is a for .SH66874. Copper as, 683, 527A, 313 (4 Fr), VF, 11.298 g, maximum 24.5 mm, 180o, mint, 194 A.D.; L SEPT SEV IIII, laureate right; , walking right, nude but for helmet and cloak over shoulder flying behind, transverse spear in right hand, of captured arms in left over shoulder; very ; $200.00 (€178.00)
, Augusta 128 - c. 136 A.D., Wife of , ,
The primary reference for is: Foss, C. "A neighbor of : the city of and its successors" in Classical Antiquity, vol. 1, no. 2 (Oct. 1982), pp. 178-201, available online: http://www.jstor.org/stable/25010770
Foss wrote that the small city of was first authorized to strike coins under . He believed that issued coinage only very sporadically and the coins were probably struck at the mint of their neighbor .
RP85354. Bronze AE 19, III 2388 (5 spec.); 635; , p. 337, 29 and pl. X, 12 ; p. 181, I, VF, grainy surface, edge split, 4.542 g, maximum 18.9 mm, 190o, struck for at (?) mint, 128 - c. 136 A.D.; CEBACTH CABEINA, draped right, wearing ; TMΩΛITΩN, standing right, nude, bow in right hand, arrow in left hand; very ; $200.00 (€178.00)
Solus (Kefra), , c. 395 - 350 B.C.
GI76344. Bronze tetras, I p. 310, 5; I pl. 23, 20; 740 ff.; 909; 672; 1254; -; -; -, gF, green , 2.235 g, maximum 13.1 mm, Kefra (near Solanto, , Italy) mint, Carthaginian occupation, c. 395 - 350 B.C.; of facing slightly right, wearing Corinthian helmet; Punic : KFRA, nude archer kneeling right, wearing , shooting arrow; ; $180.00 (€160.20)
, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Nikopolis ad Istrum, Inferior
In Greek mythology, Priapus was a minor rustic fertility god, protector of livestock, fruit plants, gardens and male genitalia. Priapus is marked by his oversized, permanent erection, which gave rise to the medical term priapism. He became a popular figure in Roman erotic art and Latin literature, and is the subject of the often humorously obscene collection of verse called the Priapeia.RP79973. Bronze AE 17, 188.8.131.52 (R5), I/I 1380, 987, 2632 (R3), -, gF, , green , areas of light corrosion, 2.556 g, maximum 17.2 mm, 90o, Nicopolis ad Istrum (Nikyup, Bulgaria) mint, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.; AV KAI CEΠ CEVHPOC, laureate right; NIKOΠOΛI-TΩN ΠPOC IC, Priapus standing half left, nude, with enormous phallus; $180.00 (€160.20)
, 1 March 305 - 5 May 311 A.D.
In 295, , in the Balkans, was dispatched to to fight against the rebellious cities Busiris and Coptos.RT77118. , 90b (R2), 14365, 56, EF, most remaining, nice portrait, 8.863 g, maximum 27.7 mm, 180o, 3rd , (Sisak, Croatia) mint, c. 295 A.D.; MAXIMIANVS , laureate right; GENIO ROMANI (to the guardian spirit of the Roman People), standing left, on , naked but for over shoulders and left arm, pouring libation from in right hand, in left hand, Γ right, *SIS in ; $135.00 (€120.15)
, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D.
In Roman religion, every man has a , a presiding spirit. In De Die Natali, Censorinus says, from the moment we are born, we live under the guard and tutelage of . Cities, organizations, and peoples also had a . On coins, we find inscriptions to the of the Roman people, of the Senate, of the Emperor, etc.
RS85126. Silver , 518, 176, 347, 276, 549, 3149, VF, centered on a , bumps, scratches, tiny pitting, 3.059 g, maximum 18.7 mm, 180o, mint, 114 - 117 A.D.; NER TRAIANO AVG DAC, laureate and draped right; P P (high priest, tribune of the people, consul six times, father of the country, the senate and the Roman people), standing slightly left, left, nude, in right hand, large heads of grain in left downward in left hand; $125.00 (€111.25)
Maximian, 286 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D.
"This is modeled after the famous statue of the Spirit of the Roman People in the Roman . It is unclear when this statue was last seen as it is now lost. Although the coins celebrate a wide range of spirits (e.g., , , the Army, etc.), the basic design from the same statue...The act of pouring the libation to the emperor illustrates what the Christians were required to do in order not to be persecuted." -- Roman Bronze Coins From Paganism to Christianity 294-364 A.D. by RT84100. , 83b, 13257, 184, -, VF, near full , light marks, light corrosion, 9.180 g, maximum 29.1 mm, 180o, 1st , (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 295 A.D.; IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS , laureate right; GENIO ROMANI (to the guardian spirit of the Roman People), of the Roman people standing left, naked except for over shoulder, on , pouring libations from in right hand, in left hand, A right, *SIS in ; $120.00 (€106.80)
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