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Crusaders, Principality of Antioch, Tancred, Regent, March 1101 - May 1103 and Late 1104 - December 1112
This type was struck while Bohemond I was in captivity. It was the first type struck by Tancred. The order in which his types were struck has been firmly established by frequent overstrikes of later issues on earlier coins.
St. Peter is the patron saint of Antioch. CR85716. Bronze follis, Metcalf Crusades 52, Malloy Crusaders 3a, Schlumberger II 6, aVF, nice green patina, tight flan, earthen deposits, some light corrosion, weight 3.025 g, maximum diameter 21.0 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch mint, obversebust of St. Peter facing, short curly hair and curly beard, scroll in right hand, cross in left hand, O / PE-TP/O/C (TP ligate) divided across field; reverse + / KE BOI/ΘH TO ∆V / ΛO COV TANKPI+ (O Lord, help your servant Tancred) in five lines; $180.00 (€153.00)
Crusaders, Kingdom of Cyprus, James I, 1382 - 1398
The Parliament of Cyprus named Jamesking while he was captive in Genoa. To gain his release James agreed to new privileges for Genoese merchants and accepted Genoese sovereignty over the captured city of Famagusta, something that no previous king had conceded. Until he was released, Cyprus was governed by 12 nobles. Some of them opposed his return. In April 1385, James returned to Cyprus and was welcomed at Nicosia with great enthusiasm. He was crowned in May 1385 in Saint Sophia Cathedral. After his crowning, his opponents were arrested and punished. He was crowned King of Jerusalem in 1389. In 1393, Leo VI of Armenia died, and James assumed the title of King of Armenia. He was formally given the title in 1396. That kingdom was by now reduced to the city of Korikos, which had been in Cypriot hands since its conquest by Peter I of Cyprus. Upon his death, James was succeeded by his son Janus.ME85300. Billon denier, Malloy Crusaders 113a; Metcalf Crusades 797; Schlumberger VII 9, aVF, toned, light corrosion, edge crack, tiny hole, legends difficult to read as usual for the type, weight 0.743 g, maximum diameter 15.9 mm, die axis 180o, Nicosia mint, May 1385 - 9 Sep 1398; obverse + IAQVE ROI DE, Lion of Cyprus rampant left; reverse + IERV3ALEm D, cross pattée; ex C. Subak (Chicago, Sep 1975); $80.00 (€68.00)
Crusaders, Principality of Antioch, Late Anonymous, 1250 - 1268
From the collection of Alex G. Malloy, former dealer for 40 years and co-author of "Coins of the Crusader States." See Malloy Crusaders p. 197 for a discussion of the late anonymous series.
Ex John J. Slocum Collection. Mr. Slocum was in the American diplomatic service in the Holy Land and collected rare and unique coins in the early 1960's.
Antioch existed for over 1500 years, it was one of the three most important cities in the ancient world, and in the 1st century had a population of 500,000 (not counting women and slaves). On 18 May 1268, Antioch surrendered to Baibars on the condition that the lives of the citizens would be spared. As soon as his troops were within the gates, Baibars ordered the gates shut and brutally massacred everyone in the city. Lamenting that Antioch's ruler had not been present either for the siege or the ransacking and murder, Baibars wrote a detailed letter describing exactly what had been done, concluding with the phrase, "Had you been there, you would have wished you had never been born."
Historically of great importance, this coin was minted in the last throngs of the city of Antioch as it was dying.
SH31532. Bronze AE 15, Malloy Crusaders 132 var.; Seltman, NC 1966, p. 61, 2 var., F, weight 0.316 g, maximum diameter 15.4 mm, obverse A/N-T/I counterclockwise in the angles of a long cross pattée; reverse blundered ANTI in the angles of a long cross pattée; unpublished variety of an extremely raretype; SOLD