, 18 January - 17 November 474 and August 476 - 11 April 491 A.D.
Gold never tarnishes, however, ancient gold coins were never pure gold. There is always a small amount of silver in the gold and for reasons that only a chemist could explain, the small amount of silver sometimes tones slightly red. This coin is attractive red gold.
SH85084. Gold , 929, 633, 108/1, 16, 21514, -, about Uncirculated, and struck, lustrous with red tone, 4.456 g, maximum 20.9 mm, 180o, 4th , Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 2nd reign, Aug 476 - 11 Apr 491, 5th issue; D N AVG, helmeted facing, pearl diademed, trefoil on front of crested helmet, , spear in right over shoulder, on left arm decorated with horseman riding down and spearing enemy; VICTORI-A ∆ ( of the three emperors, 4th ), standing left, long jeweled in right, right, in ; $1350.00 (€1201.50)
, , , 404 - 370 B.C.
When ceased minting the federal coins it shared with other Thessalian towns and adopted its own coinage in the late fifth century B.C., it chose local types for its coins. The depicted the local fountain nymph , for whom the town was named, probably inspired by the famous coins of Kimon depicting the Syracusan nymph Arethusa. The depicted a horse in various poses.GS85151. Silver , 380.18 (same dies), group IV H23, 65.1(a) (this die), I 1144.2, Hoover 30, VF, , , areas of light etching, 6.075 g, maximum 19.3 mm, 270o, mint, 404 - 370 B.C.; of the nymph facing slightly right, wearing necklace, hair confined by and floating loosely; horse grazing right, legs straight, dotted , ΛAPI above; ex Art of Money (Portland, OR); $800.00 (€712.00)
, , Dionysius I, 405 - 367 B.C.
The model for the on the is derived from the facing Arethusa by Kimon. This issue is usually attributed to Exakestidas with examples signed E or EΞ. Stylistic differences suggest other engravers also worked the issue. This example, signed EE, is of the very finest and clearly the of Exakestidas. EΞ was probably intended. No other examples of the signed EE are known to .SH83659. Bronze tetras, cf. II p. 59 ff., 29 (unlisted dies); 385; 679; 1107; 1432 (R1, 415-405 B.C.); -; -, aEF, the finest , nice green , light corrosion, edge flaws, 2.23 g, maximum 14.7 mm, 90o, mint, c. 400 B.C.; of nymph Arethusa facing slightly left, wearing , earring, and necklace, , EE (master engraver signature, blundered EΞ for Exakestidas) lower left below hair; octopus; ex Savoca Numismatik GmbH & Co. KG, auction 6 (9 Apr 2015), lot 68; $560.00 (€498.40)
Kamarina, , c. 420 - 405 B.C.
A was a horror-creating pendant. The name derives from the Greek word gorgós, which means "dreadful." The Gorgons were three sisters who had hair of living, venomous snakes, and a horrifying that turned those who saw it to stone. Stheno and Euryale were immortal, but their sister was not, and was slain by Perseus. Zeus, , Hellenistic kings and wore for protection. Images of the Gorgons were also put upon objects and buildings for protection. A image is at the center of the of the temple at Corfu, the oldest stone in from about 600 B.C.GI79953. Bronze tetras, , C, 189; p. 39, 36; III, p. 53, 16; 432; 546; -; -, gVF, , nice green , and struck, light marks, very light corrosion, small edge split, 4.731 g, maximum 17.5 mm, 0o, Kamarina (near Scoglitti, , Italy) mint, c. 420 - 405 B.C.; facing of ( ) round , wild locks, no hair band, large eyes, straight mouth; KAMA (upward on left), owl standing right on right leg, grasping lizard with down in the left talon, three pellets (mark of value) in , Γ (control mark) right; $500.00 (€445.00)
, II and Constantine IV, 13 April 654 - 15 July 668 A.D.
notes, in the Dumbarton Oaks catalog, "the inscriptions [on this ] are very variable, since it was difficult to get so much on the coin."SH70048. Gold , 2, 25i; 50; 251; 50; 12.18; 26; 959; -, aEF, light (Π?)on , 4.402 g, maximum 19.5 mm, 180o, 9th , Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 654 - 659 A.D.; d N CONSTANTINVS C CONSTAN, facing busts of & Constantine IV (beardless) each wearing crown and , between their heads; AVGY Θ (the of the Emperor, 9th ), on three steps, in ; $420.00 (€373.80)
, , , c. 405 - 370 B.C.
The of most of the coins of depicted the nymph of the local spring, , for whom the town was named. The was probably inspired by the famous coins of Kimon depicting the Syracusan nymph Arethusa. The usually depicted a horse in various poses. The horse was an appropriate symbol of , a land of plains, which was well known for its horses. On other coins, there is a male figure, probably the eponymous hero of the Thessalians, Thessalos.GS79835. Silver , 89.1 (same dies), I 1148, 215 var. (facing slightly right), VF, , of corrosion, double struck, , 5.835 g, maximum 19.7 mm, 270o, mint, c. 405 - 370 B.C.; of nymph facing slightly left, wearing , earring, and wire necklace; horse grazing right, legs straight, ΛAPIΣ above; ex Coins; $360.00 (€320.40)
Rhodes, Carian Islands, c. Mid 4th Century B.C.
This may be a fraction of the Pseudo-Rhodian "solar disk drachm" that suggests may be from Lampsakos under Memnon of Rhodes. Bronzes of a similar are now known.GS84169. Silver tetartemorion, Other than the two previous auction listings for this coin, apparently unpublished, VF, edge chip, 0.128 g, maximum 6.1 mm, 0o, Rhodos (Rhodes, ) mint, c. mid 4th century B.C.; facing of , delicate linear ring around; rose bloom; ex CNG e-auction 377 (29 Jun 2016), lot 130; ex Numismatik Naumann Auction 39 (3 Jan 2016), lot 386; unique(?); $320.00 (€284.80)
Kamarina, , 420 - 405 B.C.
Kamarina was suffering a plague. A of the city was the suspected source. The town oracle advised them not to drain the , but in 405 B.C., the leaders ignored the advice. Once the was dry, there was nothing to stop the Carthaginian army. They marched across the newly drained , razed the city, and killed every last inhabitant.GI76951. Bronze tetras, 195.12; p. 40, 38; III p. 57, 24; 168; V 410; 547 (S); 1226 var. ( ), gVF, , attractive dark brown surfaces, some light corrosion, 3.552 g, maximum 14.8 mm, 225o, Kamarina (near Scoglitti, , Italy) mint, 420 - 405 B.C.; facing of ( ) with neatly waved hair, pearled headband, smiling expression, dimpled cheeks; KAMA (downward on right), owl standing left on left leg, facing, lizard with down in right talon, three pellets (mark of value) in ; ; $300.00 (€267.00)
Selinous, , c. 450 - 440 B.C.
Selinous was once one of the most important Greek colonies in . In 409 B.C., the Carthaginians attacked with a vast army believed to include at least 100,000 men. Selinus, with a population of about 30,000 excluding slaves, was unprepared and an auxiliary force promised by , and Gela did not arrive. The Selinuntines defended themselves with courage, and after the walls were breached, continued to fight from house to house. After tens days the city fell. Of the citizens, 16,000 were slain and 5,000 made prisoners, but more than 2,600 escaped to Agrigento.GI79939. Bronze cast tetras, I p. 235, 4; 1272; 1233 (R1); -; -; -; -; -; -, F, green , 11.019 g, maximum 20.5 mm, 0o, Selinus mint, 450 - 440 B.C.; facing of ( ), ; wild celery (selinon) leaf, three pellets (mark of value) around, ; ; $280.00 (€249.20)
, , , c. 356 - 342 B.C.
The of most of the coins of depicted the nymph of the local spring, , for whom the town was named. The was probably inspired by the famous coins of Kimon depicting the Syracusan nymph Arethusa. The usually depicted a horse in various poses. The horse was an appropriate symbol of , a land of plains, which was well known for its horses. On other coins, there is a male figure, probably the eponymous hero of the Thessalians, Thessalos.GS73406. Silver , pl. III, 27 (same dies); I 1158; 316; 121; 454, VF, on a , etched surfaces, scratch on cheek, 5.920 g, maximum 19.2 mm, 135o, mint, c. 356 - 342 B.C.; of the nymph facing slightly left, wearing , pendant earring, and simple necklace; horse crouching right, left foreleg bent and raised, preparing to onto the ground, ΛAPIΣ/AIΩN in two lines starting above, ending in ; ex with his tag noting, "Thz. G/ni ex Thess., Apr. 94, SFr. 100.-"; $270.00 (€240.30)
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