Romano-British Empire, , Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.
References list numerous varieties with Pax legends but depicting and also types with legends but depicting Pax. The references provided for comparison list a , with , without controls or a ; David attributes to , 286 - 287 A.D. References do not list our variety but other types with F - O across the and ML in the are attributed to , c. 289 - 290 A.D. This is the only example of this variant known to .
RA73904. , Apparently unpublished; cf. , 2, 930 ff. (no mintmarks); 1031 ff. (same); 13661 (same, , 286 - 287), aVF, nice green , or double-struck, cutting off parts of legends and , 2.615 g, maximum 20.3 mm, 315o, Londinium(?) or unofficial(?) mint, 289 - 290 A.D.; IMP CARAVS[IVS P AVG] (or similar), , draped, and right; [GG?], standing half left, left, feeding snake rising from at left from in her right hand, vertical in left hand, [F?] - O flanking across the , M[L?] in ; from the Charles Peters Collection; possibly unique!; $200.00 (€178.00)
, Augusta middle 283 - middle 285 A.D.
was the Roman goddess of health. She was to the Greeks, who believed her to be the daughter of , the god of medicine and healing, and Epione, the goddess of soothing of pain. Her father learned the secrets of keeping death at bay after observing one snake bringing another snake healing herbs. Woman seeking fertility, the sick, and the injured slept in his temples in chambers where non-poisonous snakes were left to crawl on the floor and provide healing.RA84361. , , 2, 349 (R2); 7; 12419; - (p. clxviii), F, , porous, rough, edge chip, 3.044 g, maximum 22.4 mm, 0o, 1st , (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 284 A.D.; MAGNIAE VRBICAE AVG, diademed and draped right, crescent behind shoulders; , enthroned left, from in right hand, feeding snake rising up from on left, A (1st ) right, SMSXXI in ; very ; $170.00 (€151.30)
, September 268 - August or September 270 A.D.
This coin, dedicated by the to the health of the emperor, indicates was ill and vows had been made to , the god of medicine, for his recovery. and were fraternal twins, and had a sibling relationship. Perhaps she was also asked to the emperor. Unfortunately, and Diane could not . He died of the plague soon after this coin was struck.RA77133. , 1088 (7 spec.), 62, 219, 260, 11369 var., F, , highlighting earthen fill, cleaning scratches, 3.915 g, maximum 20.8 mm, 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, issue 4, c. mid 270; IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG, left; (the health of the Emperor), on left, standing right, drawing arrow from quiver with right hand, bow in left hand, facing , on right, standing left, olive branch in right hand, resting on rock behind in left hand; ; $110.00 (€97.90)
, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Barbaric Imitative
Tribal peoples outside the Empire struck coinage imitative of Roman types beginning in the second century B.C. and continued to strike imitative types even after the Western Empire ceased to exist. Several official issues used this , but the is exotic and crude. These legends were never used on any official issues.RS90412. Silver , for possible prototype: cf. 497a, 642 (Roman official, ad Mare mint, 198 A.D.), VF, double struck, off-center, 2.603 g, maximum 18.1 mm, 180o, unofficial mint, [...] CAE L SEP SEV IWC (or similar, blundered), laureate right; [...]TAS (blundered, S reversed), seated left, with in her right hand feeding snake rising from at her feet, in left; $100.00 (€89.00)
the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D.
was the Roman goddess of health. According to , p. 129, the idea behind the is that the safety of the state is dependent on the health of the emperor. "For that reason holds the rudder of in some of these types, as an indication that the fate of the empire rests in her ."RB73723. , 9016, 76, 206, 187(a) var. ( vice rudder), VF/F, excellent portrait, grainy surfaces, light corrosion, 18.695 g, maximum 30.1 mm, 0o, Rome mint, 244 - 245 A.D.; IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, laureate, draped, and right, seen from behind; (the health of the Emperor), standing facing, left, feeding snake coiled around , rudder vertical vertical behind in left, flanking low across ; $100.00 (€89.00)
and , May 241 - 25 February 244 A.D., Anchialus,
Anchialus (Pomorie, Bulgaria today) was 15 km of Apollonia on the opposite coast of the Gulf of Burgas. Ovid wrote of the fortified walls of Anchialus in 9 A.D., enroute to Tomis. Anchialos thrived in the 2nd and 3rd centuries serving as the most important import and export station of and acquired the appearance of a Roman city under the Dynasty.
RP84550. Bronze AE 25, 672 (R4); 665; -; -, VF, green , , , areas of light corrosion, 9.670 g, maximum 25.2 mm, 0o, Anchialus (Pomorie, Bulgaria) mint, May 241 - 25 Feb 244 A.D.; AYT K M ANT ΓOR∆IANOC AYΓ CAB, TPANKUΛΛ/INA (ending in two lines below), busts of , on left, laureate, draped, and , and , on right, draped and wearing ; OYΛΠIANΩN AΓXIAΛEΩN, Asklepios standing facing, left, snake entwined staff in right hand, over left shoulder and around hips and legs; ex-CNG e-auction 37 (2 Apr 2016), lot 2536; $100.00 (€89.00)
, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D.
was the Roman goddess of health. She was to the Greeks, who believed her to be the daughter of , the god of medicine and healing, and Epione, the goddess of soothing of pain. This coin, dedicated to the health of the emperor, probably indicates the emperor was at the time suffering from some disease, and sacred rites had been performed for his recovery.RS71509. Silver , 305, 741, 988, 4106, VF, nice portrait, , 3.372 g, maximum 17.7 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 159 - 160 A.D.; ANTONINVS AVG P P TR P XXIII, laureate right; , standing left, from in right hand, feeding snake coiled around at feet on left, long vertical behind in left; $90.00 (€80.10)
, Gaul, c. 40 B.C.
was founded as a colony by in 45 or 44 B.C. for veterans that had served under his command in Gaul and the invasion of . He was the first husband of Livia and was persuaded or forced by to divorce her. At the wedding he gave her in marriage to "just as a father would."RP74283. Brass , 520, 692, 431, CCC BM III 231, 2735, VF, 2.108 g, maximum 16.4 mm, 270o, (Nimes) mint, c. 40 B.C.; helmeted and draped right, S (mark of value) behind; NEM COL (downward on right), standing, in right over two snakes, left elbow on column behind; $80.00 (€71.20)
, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D.
In Roman Coins and Their Values, Volume III, David notes this was issued for the wedding of Gordian and .RS75205. Silver , 129A (R), 325, 62, 8681, VF, excellent portrait, struck a little flat, some light marks and scratches, 3.154 g, maximum 19.3 mm, 30o, Rome mint, 241 A.D.; IMP GORDIANVS AVG, laureate, draped, and right, from behind; (to the health of the Emperors), standing right, draped, from held in left hand, feeding snake held in right hand; $80.00 (€71.20)
Gallic Empire, , Summer to November 268 - mid 271 A.D.
In 270, the Empire suffered an economic crisis due to usurpations, partition of the empire, invasions, and sackings of the countryside and cities. Agricultural and industrial productions were significantly decreased, and mines went unused. A monetary crisis ensued. Inflation was up to 1,000% in some areas of the empire.q
RA84435. , 21b, 2564, 703 (Trier), 65, 11180 var. (same), 114 var. (same), VF, nice portrait, slightly , 2.978 g, maximum 20.8 mm, 225o, Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany) mint, 269 A.D.; IMP C PIAV VICTORINVS AVG, and right; (the health of the Emperor), standing right, feeding snake in right hand from in left hand; $75.00 (€66.75)
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