, , Hieron II, 275 - 215 B.C., Portrait of Queen Philistis
Hieron II placed his wife and son on coins during his long reign. Those of Queen Philistis are eagerly sought after by collectors.SH84601. Silver 5 litrae, 221 (D2/R2), 893, 1546, 827, 959, 2918, 1708, 1557 (R2) (all from the same dies), aEF/gVF, , light marks, 4.441 g, maximum 18.0 mm, 180o, mint, c. 218 - 215 B.C.; veiled and diademed of Queen Philistis left, frond behind; galloping left, holding reins with both , E• in front of horses' legs, BAΣIΛIΣΣAΣ above, ΦIΛIΣTI∆OΣ ; from the Woolslayer Collection; Numismatica Ars Classica auction 27 (12 May 2004), lot 129; ex A.D.M. Collection; ex Collection, 1929 sale, lot 213; ; $3000.00 (€2670.00)
, and , October 49 - 15 March 44 B.C.
was the Roman goddess of love, beauty, desire, sex, fertility, prosperity and . claimed direct descent from the goddess through her son, , who survived the fall of Troy and fled to Italy. sacrificed to her and believed she would ensure he was victorious. The small at the base of Venus' is symbolic of her divinity. The on the was likely intended to advertise the beginning of a new age.
SH84760. Silver , 480/5b, 1071, 41, I 4165, Imperators 106a, 1412, F, light , slightly off center on a tight oval , right side of unstruck, scratches, light , 3.603 g, maximum 18.3 mm, 270o, mint, moneyer P Sevullius , Jan - Feb 44 B.C.; IMP, wreathed of right, with eight rays around a central pellet behind; P SEPVLLIVS , standing left, in her right hand, long with a at base behind in her left hand, facing left, holding in both ; $1210.00 (€1076.90)
Pontic Kingdom, Mithradates VI, c. 120 - 63 B.C.,
Mithradates VI "the Great" expanded his Pontic Kingdom through conquest, which inevitably brought him into conflict with . He regarded himself as the champion of the Greeks against , however, after three years of war, he was defeated by . The design of this coin is taken from a coin of , bodyguard of Alexander the Great, and of , 323 - 281 B.C. The coin depicted Alexander the Great on the . The features of the portrait on this are those of Mithradates VI.
SH85133. Gold , De p. 141 (D1/R1), 1090 ( ), VF, die wear, 8.395 g, maximum 19.2 mm, 0o, Inferior, Tomis (Constanta, Romania) mint, First Mithradatic War, 88 - 86 B.C.; diademed of Alexander the Great (with the features of Mithradates VI), wearing the horn of ; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY, enthroned left, wearing crested helmet, in right hand, resting left arm on round behind, and V above knee, TO on throne, trident in ; ex CNG e-auction 92 (23 Jun 2004), lot 27; $1200.00 (€1068.00)
, , Italy, 320 - 300 B.C.
Naples is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. Bronze Age Greek settlements were established in the second millennium B.C. The city was refounded as in the sixth century B.C. and became an important hub of Magna , playing a key role in the merging of Greek culture into Roman society. Naples remained influential under and more so after the fall of the Western Roman Empire, serving as the capital city of the Kingdom of Naples between 1282 and 1816. Thereafter, it became the capital of the Two Sicilies until the unification of Italy in 1861.SH79834. Silver nomos, ON RESERVE
325; 450; p. 99, 53; 571; -; -, VF, finest , and struck on a , , scratches and bumps, small edge splits, 7.252 g, maximum 18.9 mm, 180o, (Naples, Italy) mint, magistrate Olympios, 320 - 300 B.C.; diademed of nymph right, wearing pendant earring and pearl necklace, no legends or ; standing right, turned facing, above flying right and placing on bull's , OΛ−YM−ΠI below, NEOΠOΛITHΣ ; ex Fritz Rudolf GmbH & Co. KG, auction 216 (8 Oct 2012), lot 48; ; $750.00 (€667.50)
Seleukid Kingdom, Alexander I Balas, 152 - 145 B.C.
Alexander Balas, of humble origin, claimed to be Antiochus IV's son and heir to the Seleukid throne. and accepted his claims. He married Thea, daughter of Ptolemy of . With his father-in-law's , he defeated Demetrius and became the Seleukid . After he abandoned himself to debauchery, his father-in-law shifted his support to Demetrius II, the son of Demetrius . Balas was defeated and fled to where he was murdered.GS84619. Silver , II 1781.3a, 118, 875a, EF, excellent Hellenistic , lightly , slightly off center, some die wear, light marks, light deposits on , 16.950 g, maximum 28.9 mm, 45o, Antioch on the (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 152 - 146 B.C.; diademed right, ; BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY ΘEOΠATOPOΣ EYEPΓETOY, Zeus enthroned left, chest bare, around hips and legs and over left shoulder, offering him in his right hand, in his left hand, (control symbol) outer left, ΓΞP ( year 163) and (control symbol) in ; ex CNG e-auction 386 (9 Nov 2016), lot 328; $540.00 (€480.60)
, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D.
In late summer or fall of 161, Vologases IV of captured the Roman client Kingdom of , expelled its and installed his own; Pacorus, an Arsacid like himself. In 162, began the war to recover and exact vengence. recovered the Armenian capital Artaxata in 163. At the end of 163, took the title Armeniacus, despite having never personally seen combat. initially declined to accept the title, but accepted it in 164. Unfortunately the victorious army returned bringing a pandemic known as the Antonine Plague, which significantly depopulated and greatly weakened the Roman Empire.RB83578. , 1092; 890 ( & r.), 984 (same), 95, III 464, 5013, -, VF, on a , green , light scrape on high point, some corrosion, 23.68 g, maximum 31.6 mm, 0o, mint, Dec 164 - Aug 165 A.D.; M AVREL ANTONINVS AVG ARMENIACVS P M, laureate right; TR P XVIII , standing half right, transverse upward to right in both , mourning Armenian captive at feet on right, captive seated right with propped on right hand and left hand on ground, ( ) flanking low across ; $520.00 (€462.80)
, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.
Issued to commemorate in Britain. Between 208 and 210 A.D., and his son campaigned into Scotland (then Caledonia) and also Hadrian's Wall. The victories in the pacified the island for the remainder of the century, but the aged Septimius died at Eburacum (York) in 211 A.D.SH83529. Silver , 332 (S); 727; p. 366, 51; 108; 6382, gVF, some luster, perfect centering, nice portrait, light , small edge cracks, 3.369 g, maximum 19.3 mm, 180o, mint, 210 - 211 A.D.; SEVERVS AVG , laureate right; (victories over the British), advancing right, raising in extended right hand, frond in left hand over left shoulder; ; $450.00 (€400.50)
Roman Republic, L. and L. Manlius Torquatus, 82 B.C.
L. Manlius Torquatus was proquaestor to during the Mithridatic war (he was later Consul - 65 B.C.); this issue was struck for the civil war in Italy 82 B.C.
SH85110. Silver , 286, 4, 367/5, 757, EF, lustrous, weak legends, a little off center, edge cracks, nearly as struck except areas of slightest , 3.926 g, maximum 19.0 mm, 90o, military mint, 82 B.C.; of right, (proquaestor) behind, MANLI before; walking in a right, holding reins in right hand and in left, crowned by flying above, L SVLLA IM ( ) in ; $380.00 (€338.20)
, 3 April 68 - 15 January 69 A.D.
In the spring of 68, was informed of Nero's intention to put him to death. On 2 April 68, at , declared himself the "representative of the Roman people" and received salutation by the troops as . This was not quite a claim to the throne, but was clearly rebellion. This is from a small issue struck in Gaul during the period after Galba's salutation as , but before his recognition as in mid-June. On the claims he will achieve for the Roman people.BB76887. Silver , 111 (R2), 227, 322, -, -, -, aVF, , scratch, light corrosion, 3.352 g, maximum 18.8 mm, 180o, uncertain Gaul (Narbo?) mint, c. 10 April - mid Jun 68 A.D.; SER (counter-clockwise from lower right), laureate and draped right; (counter-clockwise from upper left), standing left on globe, in right hand, frond in her left; ; $360.00 (€320.40)
, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D.
This coin is in an unusual slab with a clear plastic dome over the . The dome looks attractive but the coin is impossible to photograph. The coin is normally and evenly dark, much nicer than the photo with its strange banded light and dark reflections off the dome.
This commemorates acclamation as for the second time, recognizing the of Q. Lollius Urbicus over the Brigantes in Britain, and the construction of the Antonine Wall. SL84529. , 717b, 179, 252, 434, 4182, 1612 var. (No TR P), VF30 (4625583), mint, 143 A.D.; ANTONINVS AVG P P TR P , laureate and draped right, from behind; II, alighting right, wings spread, holding transverse with both , ( ) flanking at thighs; certified (slabbed) by , from the Dr. Sam Mansourati Collection; $300.00 (€267.00)
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