, c. 600 - 550 B.C.
In Greek mythology, the Sirens were dangerous creatures, who lured nearby sailors with their enchanting music and voices to shipwreck on the rocky coast of their island. In early Greek art, Sirens were represented as birds with large women's heads, bird feathers, and scaly feet. Later, they were represented as female figures with the legs of birds, with or without wings, playing a variety of musical instruments, especially harps. Later Sirens were sometimes depicted as beautiful women, whose bodies, not only their voices, were seductive.SH84464. hemihekte, Unpublished in major references; Naville auction VII (1924), Collection, lot 1435; CNG, XI (8 Jan 2008), lot 253, aEF, , earthen deposits, 1.367 g, maximum 8.8 mm, , uncertain mint, c. 600 - 550 B.C.; siren standing left; square punch; ex Numismatica Ars Classica, auction 92, 2 (24 May 2016), lot 1476; this is not published in the major references but many examples are known from auctions; ; $1600.00 (€1424.00)
Athens, , , c. 140 - 175 A.D.
Minos demanded that, every ninth year, Athens send seven boys and seven girls to to be devoured by the , a half-man, half-bull monster that lived in the Labyrinth. , son of Aigeus, the of Athens, volunteered to take the place of one of the youths and slay the monster to stop this horror. Upon his arrival to , , Minos' daughter, fell in love with him and gave him a ball of to him find his way out of the Labyrinth. promised that if he escaped he would take her with him. Using the string to mark his path, he made his way to the heart of the Labyrinth, slew the , followed the string out, and then rescued the Athenian boys and girls. told to leave and Phaedra behind on the beach. Distressed by his broken heart, forgot to put up the white sails that were to signal his success. Upon seeing black sails, his father committed suicide, throwing himself off a cliff into the sea, causing this body of water to be named the Aegean.GB77873. Bronze , p. 105, 764; 341; , pl. 96, 1; 276, aF, corrosion, 7.132 g, maximum 23.7 mm, 180o, Athens mint, pseudo-autonomous under Rome, c. 140 - 175 A.D.; helmeted of right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet; AΘHNAIΩN, right, preparing to slay the , nude, planting knee on the back of , raising club in his right hand, a horn of the in his left hand, the falling right on left knee; from the Butte College Foundation, ex (Antioch Associates); very ; $450.00 (€400.50)
Thraco-Macedonian Tribes, c. Mid 5th Century B.C.
Monkeys were kept as pets in antiquity. We know of only two ancient coin types depicting monkeys. One is this very , with the monkey squatting either left or right. The other is an hemihekte from Kyzikos, with fewer than five known specimens.CE84168. Silver tetartemorion, 67 var. (monkey left); cf, pl. 7, 13 (different , damaged die?), aEF, very tiny coin, a little off center, porous, 0.209 g, maximum 6.3 mm, uncertain mint, c. mid 5th century B.C.; monkey squatting right; round within square; ex Numismatik Naumann auction 39 (3 Jan 2016), lot 47; very ; $225.00 (€200.25)
Orthosia, , 41 - 40 B.C.
Orthosia (near modern Arida, Lebanon) was located south of the Eleutheros River (the modern Kabir) in the far of . It was a refounded by one of the but which one is uncertain because the city changed frequently. The name Orthosia was derived from an epithet of and she was the principal divinity of the town.GB73950. Bronze AE 24, 209 (S, this date noted); - (this date noted p. 644); p. 126, 1 (date obscure); 175 (no visible date); -, VF, green , light encrustations and marks, edge chip, 6.820 g, maximum 23.6 mm, 0o, Orthoseia mint, 41 - 40 B.C.; turreted of right; of Orthosia standing on two winged lion-griffins, L∆K (year 24 of the Pompeian Era) horizontal on left, OPΘΩΣIEΩN in ; while others with this date are known to exist, we could not find another example; this date very ; $120.00 (€106.80)
, 11 April 217 - 8 June 218 A.D., Beroea, Cyrrhestica,
Aleppo is called Halab in Hittite documents of the second millennium B.C. The city opened its gates to Alexander after the Battle of Issus. Seleucus built a new city nearby and named it Beroea. Saint Paul records that his preaching at Beroea was a great success. The city was sacked by the Persians in 540, and captured by the Muslims without a fight in 637.RY75674. Silver , 892; 85; cf. p. 132, 19 - 20 ( from front); 1861 (same); -; -; -, aVF, 12.848 g, maximum 25.7 mm, 180o, Cyrrhestica, Beroea (Allepo, ) mint, 11 Apr 217 - 8 Jun 218 A.D.; AYT K MA OΠ CE MAKPINOC CE, laureate, draped, and right, from behind; ∆HMAPX EΞ YΠATOC ∆ (tribune of the people, consul for the 4th time), standing front, wings spread, and tail left, in beak, B - E divided by winged and horned lion-like animal standing facing below; ex ; $110.00 (€97.90)
Mende, Chalcidice, , c. 510 - 480 B.C.
Mende was an ancient colony of , on the SW side of Cape Poseidion in Pallene. Its coins illustrate some forgotten myth of Dionysos, his companion Seilenos, and an ass. The wine of Mende was famous and is frequently mentioned by ancient writers. It is unlikely that Mende struck any coins after it was first captured by Philip in 358 B.C. GA90295. Silver tritartemorion, .2, 8; 307; 34, VF, porous surfaces, uneven tone, 0.292 g, maximum 6.1 mm, 0o, Mende mint, c. 510 - 480 B.C.; and neck of ass right, pellet at truncation; mill-sail pattern ; ex CNG auction 249, lot 50; ; $100.00 (€89.00)
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