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Countermarked Imperial Roman and Roman Provincial Coins
A countermark is a stamped or punched impression adding elements of design to a coin after it was originally struck. The practice of countermarking coins was widespread throughout antiquity. It was particularly common in the provinces of the Roman Empire. Countermarks were applied to coins for many reasons, including revalidation, revaluation, devaluation, and propaganda. Exactly when and why any individual countermark was applied is often uncertain.
|AnCitharoedus is a statue or image of with a ( ). Among the best-known examples is the Citharoedus of the Museums, a 2nd-century A.D. colossal marble statue by an unknown Roman sculptor. is shown crowned with laurel and wearing the long, flowing robe of the Ionic bard. The statue was found in 1774, with seven of the Muses, in the ruins of Gaius Cassius Longinus' villa near Tivoli, Italy. The sculptures are preserved in the Hall of the Muses, in the Museo Pio-Clementino of the Museums.|