Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., VAR Quinctillus Varus Countermark
Countermarked Imperial Roman and Roman Provincial Coins
The Altar of Lugdunum and the Sanctuary of the Three Gauls was dedicated by Augustus on 1 August 10 B.C., the very same day Drusus' son, the future emperor Claudius, was born in Lugdunum. All the notable men of Gaul were invited. Caius Julius Vercondaridubnus, a member of the Aedui tribe, was the first priest of the new imperial cult. The altar, which was engraved with the names of 60 Gallic tribes, was featured prominently on coins from the Lugdunum mint for many years.CM84471. Copper as, BnF I 1485 (with c/m), RIC I 230, BMCRE I 549, SRCV I 1690, Cohen I 240; countermark: Pangerl 52e (Publius Quinctilius Varus), aF, rough, edge crack, c/m: aF, weight 8.852 g, maximum diameter 27.0 mm, die axis 180o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, c. 10 - 6 B.C.; obverse CAESAR PONT MAX, laureate head right; countermark: VAR ligature (Varus) in a rectangular punch; reverse ROM ET AVG (in exergue), the Altar of Lugdunum, the front decorated with the corona civica between laurels and figures; flanked on each side by a Victory on a column standing facing center, raising a wreath and holding a palm frond;
$810.00 SALE PRICE $729.00Valerian I, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D., Hierapolis, Phrygia in Homonoia with Sardis
This coin commemorates the homonoia (alliance) between Phrygia and Sardis. Cities in Thrace and Asia minor sometimes formed alliances with other cities. The competition for prestige and rivalry between cities in the East was intense. Alliances could enhance a city’s status by aligning either with many cities or with particularly important ones. Homonoia was part of civic "foreign policy" and might have involved the exchange of delegates and joint celebrations and sacrifices. At least 87 cities issued homonoia coins celebrating their alliances. RP77248. Bronze AE 28, Franke-Nolle, type VI, 857 (Vs.C/Rs.18); cf. SNGvA 3668; SNG Tubingen 4054; Lindgren III 596, VF, tight flan, obscure countermark on obverse, weight 9.924 g, maximum diameter 28.1 mm, die axis 180o, Hierapolis (near Pamukkale, Turkey) mint, Oct 253 - c. Jun 260 A.D.; obverse AY• K• - ΠOY• ΛIK• OYAΛEPAN/OC, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from the front, round countermark on face; reverse IEPAΠOΛE/ITΩN - KE - CAP∆IANΩN, Apollo on left, standing right, plectrum in right hand, kithara in left hand; cult statue of Kore facing, wearing kalathos and veil, NEOKOPΩN downward in right field, OMONOYA in exergue; very rare;
$300.00 SALE PRICE $270.00Antioch, Roman Provincial Syria, Municipal Coinage, Fall 48 - Spring 47 B.C.
The countermark is similar to a group of countermarks from Antioch, Chalkis, Laodicaea, Seleukia, and Damascus, all cities controlled by Cleopatra (except for Antioch, which nevertheless appears to have issued coins for Antony and Cleopatra). Richard McAlee notes, "it now seems likely that the countermark portrays Cleopatra, and was used to mark coins circulating in the Syro-Phoenician territories which were given to her by Mark Antony." Older references identified the head as Apollo.RY84165. Bronze AE 23, McAlee 43; RPC I 4216; BMC Galatia p. 155, 35; SNG Cop -; countermark: McAlee p. 74, note 25, VF, green patina, earthen deposits, tight flan, weight 11.436 g, maximum diameter 23.3 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 48 - 47 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right, countermark: head right (Cleopatra?) in an oval punch; reverse ANTIOXEΩN THΣ MHTPOΠOΛΩΣ, Zeus seated left holding Nike and scepter, date IΘ below;
$225.00 SALE PRICE $203.00Claudius, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D., Ilium, Troas, Divus Augustus Reverse
Ilium was previously named Troy. The countermark, presumably the gorgoneion on the breastplate of Athena Illias, is known on coins from Galba, Nero and Agrippina, Claudius, Gaius, and also on civic issues.CM85344. Bronze AE 25, RPC I 2313 (10 spec., this countermark noted); BMC Troas p. 62, 38; SNGvA 153; Bellinger Troy 121; SNG Cop -; c/m: Howgego 193, aF, countermark VF, nice green patina, some porosity, weight 8.458 g, maximum diameter 25.0 mm, die axis 180o, Ilium mint, 25 Jan 41 - 13 Oct 54 A.D.; obverse TI KΛAY∆IOC KAICAP, bare head of Claudius right; reverse ΘEOC AYTOKPATΩP, radiate head of divus Augustus right, IΛI lower right horizontal before neck, statue of Athena Illias standing on base to right; countermark: gorgoneion in 7mm round punch; very rare;
$135.00 SALE PRICE $122.00Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Uncertain (Philippi?), Macedonia
Howgego notes the capricorn was a standard type for Parium. The capricorn was a symbol of Augustus and was probably adopted as a symbol of the city after a Augustan refoundation of the colonia. Howgego notes that the capricorn countermarks on the colonist plowing types may have indicated a devaluation of the coins.RP85357. Bronze AE 19, RPC I 1656.43 (same countermark); SNG Cop 282; Varbanov 3770 (R4); McClean 7660 (Tiberius); SNG BnF 1439 (Parium, Mysia); c/m: Howgego 302 (Parium), gF, c/m: VF; scratches, corrosion, earthen deposits, reverse flattened by counter-marking, weight 3.861 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 0o, Uncertain (Philippi?) mint, 16 Jan 27 B.C. - 19 Aug 14 A.D.; obverse AVG, bare head right; c/m Capricorn right in rectangular punch; reverse two priests with yoke of two oxen right, plowing the pomerium (sacred boundary), founding the new colony; rare with countermark;
$125.00 SALE PRICE $113.00Hierapolis, Phrygia, c. 218 - 268 A.D.
RP77263. Bronze AE 25, Johnson Hierapolis 67 (3 spec.); Weber CHP II, 12; BMC Phrygia p. 242, 85; SNG Cop -; SNGvA -; SNG Tub -; SNG Mun -; countermark: Howgego 278, F, c/m: F; well centered on a broad flan, edge crack, weight 7.557 g, maximum diameter 25.1 mm, die axis 180o, Phrygia, Hierapolis (near Pamukkale, Turkey) mint, pseudo-autonomous, c. 218 - 268 A.D.; obverse IEPA CY- NKΛHTO-C, draped bust of the senate right; countermark: Male figure standing, uncertain object in right hand, scepter or spear in left hand, letter(s) in field; reverse IEPAΠOΛEITΩN NEΩKOPΩN, Apollo Kitharoedos (Archegetes) standing right, in long chiton and mantle, plectrum in lowered right hand, Kithara in left arm; very rare;
|An Apollo Citharoedus is a statue or image of Apollo with a Kithara (lyre). Among the best-known examples is the Apollo Citharoedus of the Vatican Museums, a 2nd-century A.D. colossal marble statue by an unknown Roman sculptor. Apollo is shown crowned with laurel and wearing the long, flowing robe of the Ionic bard. The statue was found in 1774, with seven statues of the Muses, in the ruins of Gaius Cassius Longinus' villa near Tivoli, Italy. The sculptures are preserved in the Hall of the Muses, in the Museo Pio-Clementino of the Vatican Museums. |$100.00 SALE PRICE $90.00Hierapolis, Phrygia, c. 221 - 268 A.D.
The AKTIA festival and games at Hierapolis were founded in honor of Augustus' victory at Actium. RP77252. Bronze AE 26, Johnston Hierapolis 74; BMC Phrygia p. 242, 89; SNG Cop 444; SNGvA -; SNG Tub -; SNG Hunt -; Waddington 6128; Weber -; McClean -; c/m: Howgego 278, aF, broad flan, small edge crack; countermark: gF, weight 5.595 g, maximum diameter 26.0 mm, die axis 180o, Phrygia, Hierapolis (near Pamukkale, Turkey) mint, pseudo-autonomous, c. 221 - 268 A.D.; obverse IEPA CY-NKΛHTO-C, draped bust of the senate right; countermark: male figure standing, an uncertain object in right hand, scepter or spear in left hand, letter(s) in field, irregularly shaped punch; reverse IEPAΠOΛEITΩN NEΩKOPΩN, A/KTI/A in three lines within a demos crown (laurel wreath); very rare;
$90.00 SALE PRICE $81.00Claudius, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D., Philippi, Macedonia, Countermark of Parium
Philippi was founded by Philip II of Macedonia to control the neighboring gold mines and the route between Amphipolis and Neapolis. Philip constructed fortifications, sent colonists, and established a mint in the city. Mark Antony and Octavian defeated the assassins of Caesar, Marcus Junius Brutus and Cassius, at the Battle of Philippi west of the city in October 42 B.C. They released some of their veterans to colonize the city, which was refounded as Colonia Victrix Philippensium. In 30 B.C., Octavian reorganized the colony with more Italian settlers, veterans possibly from the Praetorian Guard. The city was renamed Colonia Iulia Philippensis, and then Colonia Augusta Iulia Philippensis after January, 27 B.C., when Octavian received the title Augustus from the Roman Senate.RP85361. Bronze semis, RPC I 1660 (21 spec.); BMC Macedonia p., 93 (with c/m); SNG Cop 285 (same); McClean 7662; c/m: Howgego 303 (Parium), F, c/m: F; toned coppery surfaces, porous, somewhat irregular flan with edge cracks, weight 3.772 g, maximum diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 180o, Philippi (near Filippoi, Greece) mint, 25 Jan 41 - 13 Oct 54 A.D.; obverse TI CLAV, bare head of Claudius left; countermark: Capricorn left in a rectangular punch; reverse Priest and yoke of two oxen plowing right;
$90.00 SALE PRICE $81.00Hierapolis, Phrygia, c. 221 - 268 A.D.
The AKTIA festival and games at Hierapolis were founded in honor of Augustus' victory at Actium. RP77253. Bronze AE 24, Johnston Hierapolis 74; BMC Phrygia p. 242, 89; SNG Cop 444; SNGvA -; SNG Tub -; SNG Hunt -; Waddington 6128; Weber -; McClean -; c/m: Howgego 278, F, well centered, edge crack, punch or flan flaw on the reverse; countermark: F, weight 5.388 g, maximum diameter 24.3 mm, Phrygia, Hierapolis (near Pamukkale, Turkey) mint, pseudo-autonomous, c. 221 - 268 A.D.; obverse IEPA CY-NKΛHTO-C, draped bust of the senate right; countermark: male figure standing, an uncertain object in right hand, scepter or spear in left hand, letter(s) in field, irregularly shaped punch; reverse IEPAΠOΛEITΩN NEΩKOPΩN, A/KTI/A in three lines within a demos crown (laurel wreath); very rare;
$85.00 SALE PRICE $76.50Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., CAESAR Ligature Countermark
This coin was struck for Augustus at the Rome mint in 7 A.D under the supervision of the triumvir monetales P. Lurius Agrippa. This countermark is found on coin types struck beginning as late as 23 A.D. and one example is overstruck with a TIB IM (Tiberius Imperator) countermark. From these examples we can conclude the countermark was applied during the reign of Tiberius, between 23 A.D. and Mar 37 A.D. Pangerl attributes this countermark to Germania Inferior. Pangerl also lists an unofficial imitative countermark of this type.CM84115. Bronze as, BnF I 624 (same countermark on obv.), BMCRE I 213 (c/m on rev.), RIC I 427, Hunter I 90; countermark: Pangerl 43c (same coin type, c/m on obv), coin Fair, countermark VF, weight 10.061 g, maximum diameter 28.1 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 7 A.D.; obverse CAESAR AVGVST PONT MAX TRIBVNIC POT, Bare head right, countermark: CAESAR ligature in a c. 12 mm x 9 mm rectangular punch (Pangerl 43c); reverse P LVRIVS AGRIPPA IIIVIR AAAFF, legend around large S C;
$80.00 SALE PRICE $72.00
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Catalog current as of Wednesday, August 23, 2017.
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