ad Lycum, , c. 14 - 37 A.D.
, the Greek moon goddess, was female, which seems natural because the female menstrual cycle follows the lunar month. But was a male moon-god, probably originally of the indigenous non-Greek Karian people. By Roman times was worshiped across Anatolia and in . He was associated with fertility, healing, and punishment. is usually depicted with a crescent moon behind his shoulders, wearing a , and holding a lance or sword in one hand and a pine-cone or in the other. His other attributes include the and chicken. A temple of has been excavated at Antioch, .
RP84485. Bronze AE 17, 2907; 513 ff.; p. 288, 64 ff.; 984, VF, attractive , nice green , slightly off center, some light corrosion, 3.892 g, maximum 16.7 mm, 0o, Laodikeia ad Lycum mint, time of , c. 14 - 37 A.D.; ΛAO∆I−KEΩN, of right, draped, wearing with ear flaps, laurel , and necklace, crescent behind shoulders; KOP ( ), ∆IOΣKOYPI∆HΣ (Cornelius Dioskurides, magistrate), standing slightly right on branch (or club), left, wings slightly open; from the Dr. Sam Mansourati Collection, ex Gitbud & Naumann e-auction 33 (5 Jul 2015), lot 372; $140.00 (€124.60)
, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., , , Gaius
Strabo wrote, was a place of great trade in the Roman province of , next in importance to . Its commerce was owing to its position on the great road to , and it was also the center of other roads.RP77314. Bronze AE 21, 3129, 3484, p. 93, 139, 7033, -, aVF, green , earthen encrustation, 5.986 g, maximum 21.0 mm, 0o, , mint, ΣEBAΣTOΣ, laureate of right; ΓAIOΣ KAIΣAP ΓAIOΣ MAΣΩNIOΣ POYΦOΣ AΠAMEΩN, Gaius in facing ; $135.00 (€120.15)
, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D., Ankyra,
minted its first coinage under and this with a young portrait and the name in the emperor's titles may have been the first struck by the city.RP84539. Bronze AE 19, 3108; 135; 8227; 7019; IV p. 220, 152, VF, attractive young portrait of , flaw upper left, 4.200 g, maximum 19.0 mm, 0o, (Ankara, Turkey) mint, magistrate Klaudios Artemidoros, c. 55 - 60 A.D.; NEPΩNA KΛAY∆ION KAICAPA ANKYPANΩN, right; EΠI KΛAY∆IOY APTEMI∆ΩPOY IEPEΩC, Zeus standing left, nude, downward in right hand, long in left hand; $125.00 (€111.25)
ad Lycus, , Time of , 14 - 37 A.D.
on the Lycus was the ancient Hellenistic of Pacatiana, in Anatolia near the modern village of Eskihisar, Denizli Province, Turkey. It is one of the Seven churches of mentioned in the Book of Revelation.
A is a double-headed ax, also known to the classical Greeks as a or sagaris, and to the Romans as a .RP84894. Bronze AE 14, 2910; p. 288, 59; 512; 348, VF, attractive black surfaces, some light marks, areas of slight , earthen deposits, 3.146 g, maximum 14.3 mm, Laodikeia mint, magistrate of Pythes, son of Pythes; Aphrodite standing left, dove in extended right hand, B over ΠYΘ (magistrate Pythes II) on left, ΛAO∆IKEΩN downward on right; river god Lykos in wolf form, across shoulder, all within laurel ; ex Numismatics e-sale 27, lot 257; ; $100.00 (€89.00)
Laodikeia on the Lykos, , c. 133 - 67 B.C.
on the Lycus was located in the Hellenistic regions of and , which later became the Roman Province of Pacatiana. In 188 B.C., the city passed to the Kingdom of . After 133 B.C. it fell under Roman control. It suffered greatly during the Mithridatic Wars but quickly recovered under the dominion of Rome. Towards the end of the Roman Republic and under the first emperors, , benefiting from its advantageous position on a trade route, became one of the most important and flourishing commercial cities of . It contained one of the Seven churches of mentioned in the Book of Revelation.GB77497. Bronze AE 14, 506, 741 (S), 3805 var. (rev leg arrangement), p. 286, 44 var. (same), VF, dark green with earthen highlighting, 3.063 g, maximum 14.0 mm, 0o, Laodikeia (near Denizli, Turkey) mint, c. 133 - 67 B.C.; laureate of , long curls down neck; ΛAO∆IKEΩN, ; ex Divus Numismatic, ex H. D. Rauch auction 92 (22 Apr 2013), lot 1117; $80.00 (€71.20)
, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D., ,
RP77369. Bronze AE 26, 1389; 210; 3491; 152; p. 95, 150, , nice portrait for grade, nice green , 9.728 g, maximum 25.9 mm, 0o, of mint, struck under Varus, Praetorian Legate; AYTOKPATΩP KAIΣAP ΣEBAΣTOΣ OYEΣΠAΣIANOΣ, laureate right; EΠI ΠΛANKIOY OYAPOY KOINON ΦPYΓIAΣ AΠAMEIΣ, bundle of five stalks of grain; $75.00 (€66.75)
ad Lycus, , c. 189 - 133 B.C.
The animal on the is identified as a in the references. , however, notes "or wolf?" It is almost certainly the river god Lycus in the form of wolf.GB67148. Bronze AE 12, 341 ( or wolf), BMC Laodiceia p. 283, 22 ( ), 496 ( ), -, VF, 1.600 g, maximum 12.3 mm, 0o, Laodikeia mint, c. 189 - 133 B.C.; turreted of (or Aphrodite or Kybele) right; ΛAO∆I/KEΩN, river god Lycus seated left, raising right foreleg; very ; $70.00 (€62.30)
Peltai, , 188 - 133 B.C.
The location of Peltai is unknown but it was probably on the Meander River. In 188 B.C., in accordance with the Treaty of Apameia, Peltai came under the rule of the Kingdom. In 133 B.C., Attalos III bequeathed his kingdom, including Peltai, to the Roman Republic.GB69814. Bronze AE 18, , 755 (R1); p. 347, 7 (Zeus); SGCV 5169; -; -; -; -; -, F, dark green , 2.927 g, maximum 18.0 mm, 0o, Peltae mint, 188 - 133 B.C.; of bearded Herakles right; ΠEΛTH/NΩN, club with upward, skin draped over ; from the Butte College Foundation, ex ; ; $60.00 (€53.40)
Abbaitis, , 2nd Century B.C.
In the chaotic period after Alexander's death, northern was overrun by , eventually to become the province of . The former capital, Gordium, was captured and destroyed by the Gauls soon afterward and disappeared from history. In 188 B.C., the southern remnant of came under the control of the Attalids of . In 133 B.C., the remnants of passed to Rome. For purposes of provincial administration the Romans maintained a divided , attaching the northeastern to the province of and the western portion to the province of .GB59298. Bronze AE 20, p. 1, 1 ff.; 1; 3330, VF, nice green , 6.452 g, maximum 19.9 mm, 180o, Abbaitis mint, laureate of Zeus right; MUSWN / ABBAITWN and thunderbolt within ; $60.00 (€53.40)
, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D., Aizanis,
Aizanoi (Cavdarhisar, Turkey) was an important political and economic center in Roman times. Surviving remains from the period include a well-preserved Temple of Zeus, an unusual combined theater-stadium complex, and a inscribed with the Edict of .RP90552. Bronze AE 20, 3088; p. 34, 85; 83; Von Aulock Aizanoi 40; 872, VF, some roughness, 4.234 g, maximum 19.8 mm, 315o, Aizanoi (Cavdarhisar, Turkey) mint, magistrate Klaudios Hierax; AIZANITAI − KΛAY∆ION KAICKAPA, laureate right; EΠI KΛAY∆I−OY − IEPAKOC, Zeus of Aezanis standing facing, left, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand; $60.00 (€53.40)
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