Empire of Nicaea, John III Ducas-Vatatzes, c. 15 December 1221 - 3 November 1254
John was a very successful ruler who greatly increased the size, influence, and prosperity of the Nicaean Empire. He prepared the way for his descendants to successfully restore Greek rule to Constantinople and to rule the .BZ84956. Bronze , 57, 32, pl. 34, 3, 2115, -, -, VF, tight irregular shaped , 3.163 g, maximum 21.0 mm, 180o, , Magnesia ad Sipylum (Manisa, Turkey) mint, c. 15 Dec 1221 - 3 Nov 1254; of a cherub with four wings, pellets flanking on left and right; IWO - ∆PK (or similar), John seated facing on throne with back, wearing with , , and , in left hand, in left hand; ; $160.00 (Ä142.40)
Empire of Nicaea, Theodore I Komnenos Laskaris, c. 1204 - November 1221 A.D.
Magnesia ad Sipylum (modern Manisa, Turkey) was located in about 65 km northeast of Smyrna (now ) on the river Hermus (now Gediz) at the foot of Mount Sipylus. The city should not be confused with Magnesia on the Maeander, both founded by from the Greek region of Magnesia. The first famous mention of the city is in 190 B.C., when Antiochus the Great was defeated in the battle of Magnesia by the Roman consul Cornelius Asiaticus. It became a city of importance under Roman rule and, though nearly destroyed by an earthquake in the reign of , was by that emperor and flourished. It was an important regional center through the . During the 13th century interregnum of the Empire of Nicaea, Magnesia housed the Imperial mint, the Imperial treasury, and served as the functional capital of the Empire until the recovery of Constantinople in 1261. Magnesia was one of the few towns in this of Anatolia which remained prosperous under the Turkish rule.BZ76758. aspron , , 2, 8; 189; 2068; pl. 31, 8; 69.4; -; -, aF, 2.910 g, maximum 25.3 mm, 180o, Magnesia ad Sipylum (Manisa, Turkey) mint, c. 1204 - Nov 1221 A.D.; EMMA-NYHΛ, of Christ facing, beardless, scroll in left hand, five pellets in each limb of , (Greek abbreviation for Jesus Christ) flanking across ; ΘEO∆WPOC - O - ΘEO∆WPOC, Theodore and St. Theodore standing facing, each with outer hand on sheathed sword and inner hand holding set on three steps between them; Emperor wears , divitsion, and ; Saint wears short military tunic, breastplate and ; this is the first example of this handled by ; ; $65.00 (Ä57.85)
Page created in 0.842 seconds