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Lycia, on the southern coast of Anatolia, was first recorded in the Late Bronze Age records of ancient Egypt and the Hittite Empire. In 546 B.C. when Lycia was involuntary incorporated into the Persian Empire, the local population was decimated, and the area received an influx of Persians. Lycia fought for Persia in the Persian Wars. Intermittently free after the Greeks defeated the Achaemenid Empire, it briefly joined the Athenian Empire, it seceded and became independent, was under the Persians again, revolted again, was conquered by Mausolus of Caria, returned to the Persians, and went under Macedonian hegemony at the defeat of the Persians by Alexander the Great. Lycia was totally Hellenized under the Macedonians. The Lycian language disappeared from inscriptions and coinage. On defeating Antiochus III in 188 the Romans gave Lycia to Rhodes for 20 years, taking it back in 168 B.C. The Romans allowed home rule under the Lycian League, a federation with republican principles, which later influenced the framers of the United States Constitution. In 43 A.D. Claudius dissolved the league and made Lycia a Roman province. It was an eparchy of Byzantine Empire. A substantial Christian Greek community lived in Lycia until the 1920s when they were forced to migrate to Greece following the Greco-Turkish War.
Phaselis, Lycia, 500 - 466 B.C.
Partial brockageobverse. The obverse was re-struck off-center over a brockage of the reverse, leaving two clear impressions.GA83588. Silver tetrobol, SNGvA 4396, SNG Berry 1200 var. (ΦA above galley, Σ below), SNG Cop -, SNG Fitzwilliam -, VF, toned, tight flan, die wear, die cracks, partial brockage, weight 3.507 g, maximum diameter 15.0 mm, die axis 90o, Phaselis mint, 500 - 440 B.C.; obverse prow of war galley right in the form of a boar's forepart, partial brockage with incuse letters ΦA visible on obverse; reverse stern right, ΦAΣ above, all in incuse square; ex Roma Numismatics, e-sale 21 (31 Oct 2015), 368; $200.00 SALE PRICE $180.00
Lycian Dynasts, Mithrapata, c. 380 - 375 B.C
SH19453. Silver stater, Podalia Hoard 110, aEF, weight 9.747 g, maximum diameter 29.3 mm, die axis 0o, reverse MEXPAΠA-TA, large triskeles, facing bust of Hermes lower left, all in incuse square; irregular oval shaped flan; rare; SOLD
Oinoanda, Lycia, 2nd Century B.C.
SH20828. Silver didrachm, cf. BMC Lycia 73 and SGCV II 5318 (listed as unique), near Mint State, with luster, weight 7.643 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 0o, obverse laureate head of Zeus right, B and lotus scepter behind; reverse OINOAN/∆EΩN, eagle standing right on thunderbolt, Γ and grape cluster right; very rare; SOLD
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