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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Judean & Biblical Coins| ▸ |Hasmonean Dynasty||View Options:  |  |  | 

The Hasmonean Dynasty - Maccabees

The Maccabees were Jewish rebel warriors that took control of Judea, which at the time had been a part of the Seleucid Empire. They founded the Hasmonean dynasty, which ruled Judea from 167 BCE to 37 BCE, as a fully independent kingdom from about 140 to 63 BCE. They reasserted the Jewish religion, partly by forced conversion, expanded the boundaries of Judea by conquest and reduced the influence of Hellenism and Hellenistic Judaism. Independent Hasmonean rule lasted until 63 BCE, when the Roman general Pompeus intervened in Hasmonean civil war, making it a client kingdom of Rome. The Hasmonean dynasty ended in 37 BCE when the Idumean Herod the Great became king of Israel, designated "King of the Jews" by the Roman Senate, effectively transforming the Hasmonean Kingdom into the Herodian Kingdom - a client kingdom of Rome.


Judean Kingdom, Alexander Jannaeus (Yehonatan), 103 - 76 B.C., Brockage

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A brockage occurs when a blank is struck with a previously struck coin which adhered to the opposite die. Click here to read a detailed explanation.
JD91961. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1149, Meshorer TJC T, Meshorer AJC I, VF, nicely centered, beveled obverse edge, weight 1.554 g, maximum diameter 14.3 mm, Jerusalem mint, 103 - 76 B.C.; obverse Paleo-Hebrew inscription: Yonatan the High Priest and the Council of the Jews, within wreath; reverse double cornucopia with pomegranate between horns; $120.00 SALE |PRICE| $108.00


Judean Kingdom, Mattathias Antigonus (Mattatayah), 40 - 37 B.C.

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The single cornucopia and weight indicate this type was valued at half of Antigonus double cornucopia type. Even so, it is a large bronze compared with the usual Judaean prutah denomination.
JD91418. Bronze AE 21, Hendin 1163, Meshorer TJC 37, Sofaer 427, SNG ANS 189, HGC 10 647, F, reverse off center, mold halves misaligned when flan was cast, light corrosion, weight 7.784 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, obverse Paleo-Hebrew legend: Mattatayah the High Priest and Council of the Jews, single cornucopia tied with ribbons, grapes and grape vine hang; reverse BACIΛEΩC ANTIΓONOY (of King Antigonus) within wreath and border of dots; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; rare; $105.00 SALE |PRICE| $95.00


Judean Kingdom, John Hyrcanus II (Yonatan), King 67 B.C., Ethnarch 63 - 40 B.C.

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Hyrcanus II was high priest during the rule of his mother, Salome Alexandra. He was made king upon her death but deposed within a year by his younger brother, Aristobulus. Pompey restored Hyrcanus in 63 B.C. He was captured by the Parthians in 40 B.C. and was executed by Herod ten years later. As typical for this type, many letters are illegible and the inscription incomplete.
JD91958. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1159b, Meshorer TJC type S, SNG ANS 164, VF, cleaning scratches, corrosion, overstruck on Jannaeus type, weight 1.677 g, maximum diameter 13.9 mm, die axis 90o, Jerusalem mint, 76 - 67 or 63 - 40 B.C.; obverse crude barbaric style, blundered Paleo-Hebrew inscription: Yonatan the High Priest and the Council of the Jews, surrounded by wreath; reverse double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, pomegranate between horns; ex Better Auction Co. Ltd. Haifa, Israel, (12 March 1974), Lot 13; $40.00 SALE |PRICE| $36.00


Judean Kingdom, Alexander Jannaeus (Yehonatan), 103 - 76 B.C.

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Hendin 1146 is easily identified by its unique cursive style inscription. Meshorer wrote of this cursive style, "The letters appear is if they were written with pen and ink. They are schematic, elongated, oblique, and very small. Some are so minute as to be little more than points. Although small, the shapes of the letters are simple and quite legible. The inscription is mostly complete and contains no errors."
JD93791. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1146, Meshorer TJC R, Meshorer AJC G, SNG ANS 116, F, irregular flan shape, off center, porous, edge crack, sprue cut, weight 1.075 g, maximum diameter 13.5 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, 103 - 76 B.C.; obverse Hebrew inscription, in cursive style script, within wreath: Yehonatan the High Priest and the Council of the Jews; reverse double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, pomegranate between horns; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $40.00 SALE |PRICE| $36.00


Judean Kingdom, Mattathias Antigonus (Mattatayah), 40 - 37 B.C.

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Parthia took Judaea in 40 B.C. and made Mattathias Antigonus their vassal King. After Antigonus bit off his ears to render him ineligible for High Priest, Hyrcanus II was sent to Babylon in chains. Herod fled to Rome but returned with Roman support and took Jerusalem in 37 B.C. Dio Cassius says Antigonus was crucified but most accounts say he was beheaded.
JD91959. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1164, Meshorer TJC 40, SNG Cop 191 ff., F, grown tone, off center, prominent flan casting screw, edge crack, weight 1.641 g, maximum diameter 14.9 mm, die axis 180o, Jerusalem mint, 40 - 37 B.C.; obverse retrograde Paleo-Hebrew inscription: Mattatayah, surrounded by wreath and border of dots; reverse double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, barley grain between horns, border of dots; from a New England collector (purchased in Haifa in Apr 1970); scarce; $36.00 SALE |PRICE| $32.40










DECENDANTS OF MATTATHIAS - THE MACCABEES




REFERENCES|

Cohen, E. Dated Coins of Antiquity: A comprehensive catalogue of the coins and how their numbers came about. (Lancaster, PA, 2011).
Fontanille, J. Menorah Coin Project, website: http://menorahcoinproject.org/
Hendin, D. Guide to Biblical Coins, 5th Edition. (Amphora, 2010).
Hill, G. Catalogue of Greek Coins in the British Museum: Palestine. (London, 1914).
Houghton, A. Coins of the Seleucid Empire from the Collection of Arthur Houghton. ACNAC 4. (New York, 1983).
Houghton, A., C. Lorber & O. Hoover. Seleucid Coins: A Comprehensive Catalog. (Lancaster, 2002 - 2008).
Hoover, O. Handbook of Coins of the Southern Levant: Phoenicia, Southern Koile Syria (Including Judaea), and Arabia, Fifth to First Centuries BC. HGC 10. (Lancaster, PA, 2010).
Hoover, O. Handbook of Syrian Coins, Royal and Civic Issues, Fourth to First Centuries BC. HGC 9. (Lancaster, PA, 2009).
Kaufman, J. Unrecorded Hasmonean Coins from the J. Ch Kaufman Collection. (Jerusalem, 1995).
Kindler, A. Coins of the Land of Israel. (Jerusalem, 1974).
Maltiel-Gerstenfeld, J. 260 Years of Ancient Jewish Coinage. (Tel Aviv, 1982).
Meshorer, Y. Ancient Jewish Coinage. (New York, 1982).
Meshorer, Y. A Treasury of Jewish Coins from the Persian Period to Bar Kokhba. (Jerusalem, 2001).
Meshorer, Y., et al. Coins of the Holy Land: The Abraham and Marian Sofaer Collection at the American Numismatic Society and The Israel Museum. ACNAC 8. (New York, 2013).
Reinach, S. Jewish Coins. (London, 1903).
Rogers, E. Handy Guide To Jewish Coins. (London, 1914).
Samuels, C., P. Rynearson & Y. Meshorer. The Numismatic Legacy of the Jews as depicted by a distinguished American Collection. (New York, 2000).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 2: Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 7: Cyprus to India. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, USA, The Collection of the American Numismatic Society, Part 6: Palestine - South Arabia. (New York, 1981).
Spaer, A. & A. Houghton. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Israel I, The Arnold Spaer Collection of Seleucid Coins. (London, 1998).

Catalog current as of Tuesday, January 28, 2020.
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Hasmonean - Maccabees