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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Hellenistic Monarchies| ▸ |Kingdom of Thrace||View Options:  |  |  | 

Kingdom of Thrace

Kingdom of Thrace, Rhoemetalces I, c. 11 B.C. - 12 A.D., Augustus Reverse

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When the Cotys VII, King of Thrace, died about 48 B.C. Rhoemetalces I became the guardian of his nephew Rhescuporis I, his brother's young son and heir. In 13 B.C., Rhescuporis I was defeated and slain in battle by Vologases, chief of the Thracian Bessi, who was leading a revolt against Rome. As Rhescuporis I had left no heir, Rhoemetalces became king. An ally of Augustus, the Roman Historian Tacitus described Rhoemetalces as attractive and civilized. After his death, Augustus divided his realm, half for his son Cotys VIII and the other half for Rhoemetalces' brother Rhescuporis II. Tacitus states that Cotys received the cultivated parts, most towns and most Greek cities of Thrace, while Rhescuporis received the wild and savage portion with enemies on its frontier.
RP88895. Bronze AE 20, RPC I 1718; Youroukova 194; BMC Thrace p. 209, 7; SNG Cop 1192; SNG Tüb 974; SNG Evelpidis 1124, VF, well centered, green patina, weight 4.515 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 180o, Heraclea Perinthos (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, c. 11 B.C. - 12 A.D.; obverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ POIMHTAΛKOY, diademed head of Rhoemetalces I right; reverse KAIΣAPOΣ ΣEBAΣTOY, bare head of Augustus right; $100.00 (€88.00)
 


Thracians, Odrysian Kingdom, Seuthes III, c. 330 - 295 B.C.

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Seuthes was the high priest of the Cabeiri, and the king of the Odrysian Thracians. He revolted against Macedonia about 325 B.C., after Alexander's governor Zopyrion was killed in battle against the Getae. Seuthes was apparently subdued by Antipater, but after Alexander died in 323 B.C. he again took up arms in opposition to the new governor Lysimachus. They fought to a draw and both withdrew, but ultimately Seuthes acknowledged Lysimachus' authority. In 320 B.C., Seuthes III moved the Odrysian kingdom to central Thrace and built his capital city at Seuthopolis. In 313 B.C. he supported Antigonus I against Lysimachus, occupying the passes of Mount Haemus, but was again defeated and forced to submit to Lysimachus. After Lysimachus died in 281 B.C., Thrace came under the suzerainty of Ptolemy Keraunos.|Head| of |Seuthes| |III|

GB91979. Bronze AE 17, Youroukova 77; SNG BM Black Sea 319 var. (altar below belly); SNG Stancomb 294 var. (star below belly); SNG Cop 1073 var. (same), VF, interesting style, bumps, scratches, tight flan, some corrosion, weight 4.167 g, maximum diameter 16.8 mm, die axis 270o, Seuthopolis (near Kazanlak, Bulgaria) mint, c. 323 - 316 B.C.; obverse laureate, bearded head of Seuthus III right; reverse horseman cantering right, left foreleg raised, ΣEYΘOY above, five-pointed star below raised foreleg; $100.00 (€88.00)
 


Kingdom of Thrace, Lysimachos, 305 - 281 B.C.

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Athena is the Greek goddess of wisdom, courage, inspiration, civilization, law and justice, strategic warfare, mathematics, strength, strategy, the arts, crafts, and skill. She was believed to lead soldiers into battle as the war goddess Athena Promachos. The Parthenon on the Athenian Acropolis was dedicated to her, along with numerous other temples and monuments across Europe, West Asia, and North Africa. Her usual attribute is the owl and Nike is her frequent companion.
GB87740. Bronze AE 20, SNG Cop 1164, Lindgren I 908, Müller 13, HGC 3.2 1755 (S), VF, nice glossy green patina, bumps and scratches, small edge split, weight 4.968 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain W. Anatolian mint, 301 - 281 B.C.; obverse male head right, wearing Phrygian helmet; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY, trophy of captured arms, arranged to resemble Athena Parthenos standing left, with helmet, shield, and spear; scarce; $85.00 (€74.80)
 


Kingdom of Thrace, Rhoemetalces III, c. 38 - 46 A.D., Caligula Reverse

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Rhoemetalces III was the son of the King Rhescuporis II. He ruled the Odrysian kingdom of Thrace with his cousin-wife Pythodoris II as clients under the Romans from 38 to 46 A.D. They succeeded Pythodoris’ mother Tryphaena and her brother Rhoemetalces II. Rhoemetalces III was murdered in 46, by insurgents or on the orders of his wife. The subsequent fate of Pythodoris II is unknown and it seems they didn't have any children. Soon after his death, Thrace was incorporated into the Roman Empire as a province.
RP91897. Bronze AE 26, RPC I 1724; Youroukova 210; BMC Thrace p. 210, 2; SNG Cop -, aF, corrosion, weight 8.998 g, maximum diameter 21.4 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain Thracian mint, 38 - 41 B.C.; obverse BAΣIΛEYΣ POIMHTAΛKAΣ, diademed and draped bust of Rhoemetalkes right; reverse ΓAIΩ KAIΣAPI ΣEBAΣTΩ, laureate head of Caligula left; very rare; $60.00 (€52.80)
 


Die Münzen des Thracischen Konigs Lysimachus

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A standard reference for Lysimachus coins.
BK34118. Die Münzen des Thracischen Konigs Lysimachus by Ludwig Müller, 1858; 102 pages, 9 plates; $50.00 (€44.00)
 







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REFERENCES|

Arnold-Biucchi, C. "The Pergamene Mint under Lysimachos" in Studies Price.
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Davesne, A. & G. Le Rider. Le trésor de Meydancikkale. (Paris, 1989).
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Fischer-Bossert, W. "Die Lysimachaeier des Skostokos" in RBN CLI (2005).
Forrer, L. Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Greek Coins formed by Sir Hermann Weber, Vol. II: Macedon, Thrace, Thessaly, NW, central & S. Greece. (London, 1924).
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Lindgren, H. Lindgren III: Ancient Greek Bronze Coins. (Quarryville, 1993).
Lorber, C. "The Goats of 'Aigai'" in pour Denyse.
Moushmov, N. Ancient Coins of the Balkan Peninsula. (1912).
Müller, L. Numismatique d'Alexandre le Grand; Appendice les monnaies de Philippe II et III, et Lysimaque. (Copenhagen, 1855-58).
Müller, L. Die Münzen Des Thracishen Konigs Lysimacus. (Copenhagen, 1858).
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Peter, U. Die Münzen der Thrakischen Dynasten (5-3. Jahrhundert v. Chr.). (Berlin, 1997).
Price, M. J. The Coinage of in the Name of Alexander the Great and Philip Arrhidaeus. (London, 1991).
Poole, R. S. ed. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Thrace, etc. (London, 1877).
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Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 2: Macedonia and Thrace. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Sammlung Hans Von Aulock, Vol. 3: Pisidia, Lycaonia, Cilicia, Galatia...Posthumous Lysimachus, Alexander tetradrachms. (Berlin, 1964).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, France, Cabinet des Médailles, Bibliothéque Nationale. (Paris, 1993 - 2001).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain VII, Manchester University Museum. (London, 1986).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain IX, British Museum, Part 1: The Black Sea. (London, 1993).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain XI, The William Stancomb Collection of Coins of the Black Sea Region. (Oxford, 2000).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, United States, The Collection of the ANS, Part 7: Macedonia 1 (Cities, Thraco-Macedonian Tribes, Paeonian kings). (New York, 1997).
Thompson, M. "The Mints of Lysimachus," in Essays Robinson.
Topalov, S. Ancient Thrace: Contributions to the Study of the Early Thracian Tribal Coinage and its Relations to the Coinage of the Odrysians...6th-4th C. B.C. (Sophia, 2003).
Youroukova, Y. The Coins of the Ancient Thracians. (Oxford, 1976).
Zograph, A. N. Ancient Coinage, Part II: Ancient Coins of the Northern Black Sea Littoral. (Oxford, 1977).

Catalog current as of Thursday, August 22, 2019.
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Kingdom of Thrace Coins