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Kingdom of Thrace, Lysimachos, 305 - 281 B.C., Struck in the Name of Alexander the Great
Lysimachus, one of Alexander the Great's personal bodyguards, was appointed strategos (general) in Thrace and the Chersonesos after Alexander's death. He became one of the diadochi (successors of Alexander) who were initially generals and governors, but who continuously allied and warred with each other and eventually divided the empire. In 309, he founded his capital Lysimachia in a commanding situation on the neck connecting the Chersonesos with the mainland. In 306, he followed the example of Antigonus in taking the title of king, ruling Thrace, Asia Minor and Macedonia. In 281, he was killed in battle against Seleucus, another successor of Alexander.GS87657. Silver drachm, Thompson 127, Price L27, Müller Alexander L21, HGC 3 1752e (R1), VF, well centered, nice style, light toning, light marks, weight 4.258 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 0o, Kolophon (near Degirmendere Fev, Turkey) mint, 299 - 296 B.C.; obversehead of Herakles right, clad in Nemean Lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse Zeus Aëtophoros seated left, eagle in right hand, scepter in left hand, right leg drawn back, lion-forepart left over Φ (control symbols) in left field, pentagram (control symbol) under throne, ΛYΛIMAXOY downward on left, BAΣIΛIΩΣ below; $150.00 (€127.50)
Kingdom of Thrace, Lysimachos, 305 - 281 B.C.
Athena is the Greek goddess of wisdom, courage, inspiration, civilization, law and justice, strategic warfare, mathematics, strength, strategy, the arts, crafts, and skill. She was believed to lead soldiers into battle as the war goddess Athena Promachos. The Parthenon on the Athenian Acropolis was dedicated to her, along with numerous other temples and monuments across Europe, WestAsia, and NorthAfrica. Her usual attribute is the owl and Nike is her frequent companion.GB87740. Bronze AE 20, SNG Cop 1164, Lindgren I 908, Müller 13, HGC 3.2 1755 (S), VF, nice glossy green patina, bumps and scratches, small edge split, weight 4.968 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain W. Anatolian mint, 301 - 281 B.C.; obverse male head right, wearing Phrygian helmet; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY, trophy of captured arms, arranged to resemble Athena Parthenos standing left, with helmet, shield, and spear; scarce; $95.00 (€80.75)
Kingdom of Thrace, Rhoemetalkes I, c. 11 B.C. - 12 A.D.
When the Cotys VII, King of Thrace, died about 48 B.C. Rhoemetalces I became the guardian of his nephew Rhescuporis I, his brother's young son and heir. In 13 B.C., Rhescuporis I was defeated and slain in battle by Vologases, chief of the Thracian Bessi, who was leading a revolt against Rome. As Rhescuporis I had left no heir, Rhoemetalces became king. An ally of Augustus, the Roman Historian Tacitus described Rhoemetalces as attractive and civilized. After his death, Augustus divided his realm, half for his son Cotys VIII and the other half for Rhoemetalces' brother Rhescuporis II. Tacitus states that Cotys received the cultivated parts, most towns and most Greek cities of Thrace, while Rhescuporis received the wild and savage portion with enemies on its frontier. GB87746. Bronze AE 15, RPC I 1706; BMC Thrace p. 209, 10; SNG Evelpidis I 1126; Youroukova 160; SNG Cop -, VF, well centered, porosity, spots of corrosion, weight 2.335 g, maximum diameter 15.3 mm, die axis 180o, c. 11 B.C. - 12 A.D.; obverse POIMWTAΛKOY (counterclockwise from upper left), spear leaning on sella curulis (symbols of Roman authority), B (abbreviating Bασιλεωσ - King) above; reverse ΣEBAΣTOY (counterclockwise from upper left), fasces (symbol of Roman authority); $70.00 (€59.50)
Kingdom of Thrace, Lysimachos, 305 - 281 B.C.
A story popular in Roman times told that Alexander punished Lysimachus, for trying to help Callisthenes, by locking him in a cage with a lion. Callisthenes, a historian who criticized Alexander's adoption of Persian customs (particularly that he be regarded as a god), had been accused of treason and imprisoned (where he later died, possibly from torture). Lysimachus killed the beast by tearing out its tongue (Justin 15.3). In Plutarch's Life of Demetrius, Lysimachus exposes his scars to ambassadors "and told them of the battle he had fought with the beast when Alexander had shut him up in a cage with it" (Plutarch Demetr. 27).GB87760. Bronze AE 20, SNG Cop 1153, Müller 76, SNG Tüb 963, Winterthur 1331, HGC 3.2 1758, F, light corrosion, crowded flan, weight 4.405 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 0o, Lysimachia (Eksemil, Turkey) mint, 305 - 300 B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Athena right; reverselion leaping right, upright caduceus, EYM monogram (control), and spear head below, BAΣIΛEΩΣ (king) above, ΛYΣIMAXOY (Lysimachos) below; $60.00 (€51.00)
Die Münzen des Thracischen Konigs Lysimachus
A standard reference for Lysimachus coins.BK34118. Die Münzen des Thracischen Konigs Lysimachus by Ludwig Müller, 1858; 102 pages, 9 plates; $50.00 (€42.50)
Arnold-Biucchi, C. "The Pergamene Mint under Lysimachos" in Studies Price.
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Bloesch, H. Griechische Münzen In Winterthur, Volume 1: Spain, Gaul, Italy, Sicily, Moesia, Dacia, Sarmatia, Thrace, and Macedonia. (Winterthur, 1987).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (London, 1992 - ).
Davesne, A. & G. Le Rider. Le trésor de Meydancikkale. (Paris, 1989).
Draganov, D. The Coinage of Cabyle. (Sofia, 1993).
Fischer-Bossert, W. "Die Lysimachaeier des Skostokos" in RBN CLI (2005).
Forrer, L. Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Greek Coins formed by Sir Hermann Weber, Vol. II: Macedon, Thrace, Thessaly, NW, central & S. Greece. (London, 1924).
Grueber, H. A. Coins of the Roman Republic in The British Museum. (London, 1910).
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Lindgren, H. Lindgren III: Ancient Greek Bronze Coins. (Quarryville, 1993).
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Müller, L. Numismatique d'Alexandre le Grand; Appendice les monnaies de Philippe II et III, et Lysimaque. (Copenhagen, 1855-58).
Müller, L. Die Münzen Des Thracishen Konigs Lysimacus. (Copenhagen, 1858).
Olcay, N., & Seyrig, H. Trésors monétaires séleucides. I: Le trésor de Mektepini en Phrygie. (Paris, 1965).
Peter, U. Die Münzen der Thrakischen Dynasten (5-3. Jahrhundert v. Chr.). (Berlin, 1997).
Price, M. J. The Coinage of in the Name of Alexander the Great and Philip Arrhidaeus. (London, 1991).
Poole, R. S. ed. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Thrace, etc. (London, 1877).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 2, Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
Seyrig, H. "Monnaies Hellénistiques de Byzance et de Calcédoine" in Essays Robinson. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 2: Macedonia and Thrace. (West Milford, NJ, 1982). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Sammlung Hans Von Aulock, Vol. 3: Pisidia, Lycaonia, Cilicia, Galatia...Posthumous Lysimachus, Alexander tetradrachms. (Berlin, 1964). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, France, Cabinet des Médailles, Bibliothéque Nationale. (Paris, 1993 - 2001). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain VII, Manchester University Museum. (London, 1986). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain IX, British Museum, Part 1: The Black Sea. (London, 1993). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain XI, The William Stancomb Collection of Coins of the Black Sea Region. (Oxford, 2000). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, United States, The Collection of the ANS, Part 7: Macedonia 1 (Cities, Thraco-Macedonian Tribes, Paeonian kings). (New York, 1997).
Thompson, M. "The Mints of Lysimachus," in Essays Robinson.
Topalov, S. Ancient Thrace: Contributions to the Study of the Early Thracian Tribal Coinage and its Relations to the Coinage of the Odrysians...6th-4th C. B.C. (Sophia, 2003).
Youroukova, Y. The Coins of the Ancient Thracians. (Oxford, 1976).
Zograph, A. N. Ancient Coinage, Part II: Ancient Coins of the Northern Black Sea Littoral. (Oxford, 1977).
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