Kingdom of , , 305 - 281 B.C.
Although the primary references do not specify the arrangement of the , most specimens of this issue have the have the royal title on the right and Lysimachos' name in the . This variant with the title in the and his name right is very and was first described in the referenced article by Nicholas A. , published in in June 1996.
GS84487. Silver , , N. "An unpublished of Lysimachus" in 10.6 (June 1996), figs. 1-2; L12; 36; 25; -, gVF, lightly , minor marks, small flaw on edge, some minor edge flaking, 4.141 g, maximum 19.6 mm, 135o, , Lampsakos (Lapseki, Turkey) mint, 299 - 296 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; ΛYΣIMAXOY, Zeus Aëtophoros seated left on throne, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, left above forepart left (control ) on left, torch (control symbol) below throne; from the Dr. Sam Mansourati Collection, ex CNG e-auction 296 (13 Feb 2013), lot 25; $380.00 (€338.20)
Kingdom of , Rhoemetalkes I, c. 11 B.C. - 12 A.D.
When the Cotys VII, of , died about 48 B.C. Rhoemetalces I became the guardian of his nephew Rhescuporis I, his brother's young son and heir. In 13 B.C., Rhescuporis I was defeated and slain in battle by Vologases, chief of the Thracian Bessi, who was leading a revolt against Rome. As Rhescuporis I had left no heir, Rhoemetalces became . An ally of , the Roman Historian described Rhoemetalces as attractive and civilized. After his death, divided his realm, half for his son Cotys and the other half for Rhoemetalces' brother Rhescuporis II. states that Cotys received the cultivated parts, most towns and most Greek cities of , while Rhescuporis received the wild and savage portion with enemies on its frontier.RP72883. Bronze AE 15, 159, 1707, -, -, -, VF, 1.999 g, maximum 14.6 mm, 225o, c. 11 B.C. - 12 A.D.; K ΣEBAΣTOY, capricorn right, globe upper right between legs; POIMH, advancing right, raising in extended right, grounded frond before her in left; ; $200.00 (€178.00)
Kingdom of , , 305 - 281 B.C.
, a bodyguard for Alexander the Great, was made a (general) after Alexander's death. He became one of the (successors) of Alexander who divided the empire and continually allied and warred with each other. In 305, he took the title of ( ), ruling , and . He was killed in battle against Seleukos.
Colophon was about 15 miles (24 km) northwest of . The same with the same was also issued by Colophon in the name of Alexander (examples are listed in Forum's catalog).GS84602. Silver , L23, 123, L19, 6812, gF, , , 4.000 g, maximum 17.7 mm, 0o, , Kolophon (near Degirmendere Fev, Turkey) mint, c. 299 - c. 296 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY, Zeus enthroned left, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, right leg drawn back, forepart and crescent left, pentagram under throne; from the Woolslayer Collection, ex (2004); $155.00 (€137.95)
Kingdom of , , 305 - 281 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great
, one of Alexander the Great's personal bodyguards, was appointed (general) in and the Chersonesos after Alexander's death. He became one of the (successors of Alexander) who were initially generals and governors, but who continuously allied and warred with each other and eventually divided the empire. In 309, he founded his capital in a commanding situation on the neck connecting the Chersonesos with the mainland. In 306, he followed the example of in taking the title of , ruling , and . In 281, he was killed in battle against Seleucus, another successor of Alexander.GS75247. Silver , 1995, 788, 999, Magnesia 27, 568, -, VF, , , struck with a worn die, porous, 3.968 g, maximum 17.8 mm, 0o, Magnesia ad Maeandrum mint, 305 - 297 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus seated left, nude to the waist, around hips and legs, right leg drawn back, in extended right hand, long lotus tipped vertical behind in left hand, AN over E in left , AY under throne; $135.00 (€120.15)
Kingdom of , , 305 - 281 B.C.
, one of Alexander the Great's personal bodyguards, was appointed (general) in and the Chersonesos after Alexander's death. He became one of the (successors of Alexander) who were initially generals and governors, but who continuously allied and warred with each other and eventually divided the empire. In 309, he founded his capital in a commanding situation on the neck connecting the Chersonesos with the mainland. In 306, he followed the example of in taking the title of , ruling , and . In 281, he was killed in battle against Seleucus, another successor of Alexander.GB68080. Bronze AE 13, 14, 1168, 6822, VF, 2.519 g, maximum 12.8 mm, 0o, Kallatis (Mangalia, Romania) mint, c. 297 - 281 B.C.; of Herakles right clad in lion's scalp headdress; BAΣI/ΛYΣI within a of grain; $100.00 (€89.00)
Kings of , Thracian Kainoi, Mostis, c. 126 - 86 B.C.
Mostis, reigned c. 126 - 86 B.C., was of the Thracian Kainoi (Caeni) tribe in South East to Strandzha mountain, territory in Bulgaria and Turkey today. He is best known from his coinage, which includes bronze coins and tetradrachms.GB74512. Bronze AE 19, 142, C4700, 1173, -, -, -, F, rough green , 4.103 g, maximum 19.0 mm, 0o, c. 126 - 86 B.C.; helmeted young male right; BAΣIΛEΩΣ / MOΣTI∆OΣ, , ΠAP right; very ; $95.00 (€84.55)
, Thracian Chersonesos, c. 309 - 220 B.C.
A barley kernel lower or leaf on the lower left is not described in the references and this could just be a die break. Some of the plate coins appear to have a similar object. Most examples are described with a below.GB69753. Bronze AE 15, cf. 873; 195; 918; p. 196, 16 ff.; SGCV 1623; -; -, aVF, nice green , 3.039 g, maximum 14.7 mm, 180o, (Eksemil, Turkey) mint, c. 309 - 220 B.C.; right; ΛY− ΣI, ear of barley on stalk, barley kernel(?) or leaf(?) lower left; from the Butte College Foundation, ex ; ; $60.00 (€53.40)
Die Münzen des Thracischen Konigs
A reference for coins.BK34118. Die Münzen des Thracischen Konigs by Ludwig , 1858; 102 pages, 9 plates; $50.00 (€44.50)
, Thracian Chersonesos, 309 - 220 B.C.
was built by in 309 B.C., when he was preparing for his last struggle with his rivals; for the new city, being situated on the isthmus, commanded the road from Sestos to the and the mainland of . To obtain inhabitants for his new city, destroyed the neighboring town of Cardia, the birthplace of the historian Hieronymus, and settled the inhabitants of it and other Chersonese cities here. no doubt made the capital of his kingdom and it must have rapidly risen to great splendor and prosperity.GB71306. Bronze AE 11, 874, 920, -, VF, some corrosion, 0.814 g, maximum 10.7 mm, 0o, (Eksemil, Turkey) mint, 309 - 220 B.C.; right; stalk of barley, Λ−Y flanking across ; ; $36.00 (€32.04)
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