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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Constantinian Era ▸ Julian IIView Options:  |  |  | 

Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.

Flavius Claudius Iulianus was born in 331 or maybe 332 A.D. in Constantinople. He ruled the Western Empire as Caesar from 355 to 360 and was hailed Augustus by his legions in Lutetia (Paris) in 360. Julian was a gifted administrator and military strategist. Famed as the last pagan emperor, his reinstatement of the pagan religion earned him the moniker "the Apostate." As evidenced by his brilliant writing, some of which has survived to the present day, the title "the Philosopher" may have been more appropriate. He died from wounds suffered during the Persian campaign of 363 A.D.


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Certificate of Authenticity issued by David R. Sear.
SH21937. Gold solidus, RIC VIII Antioch 197, Cohen VIII 79 var., SRCV 4066 var., Choice EF, weight 4.465 g, maximum diameter 22.1 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 362 - 363 A.D.; obverse FL CL IVLIANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VIRTVS EXERCITVS ROMANORVM (the power of the Roman army), Virtus (Julian) advancing right, head left, dragging captive with right and holding trophy across shoulder, ANTA in exergue; minor abrasion on emperor's neck and a couple light scratches, ex Freeman & Sear; very rare; SOLD


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Sirmium (modern Sremska, Serbia) was originally inhabited by Illyrians and Celts. Conquered by the Romans in the 1st century B.C., it became the capital of the Roman province of Lower Pannonia. Under Diocletian's Tetrarchy, Sirmium was made one of the four capitals of the Empire. From 318 to 379, which includes the time when this coin was struck, Sirmium was the capital of the Praetorian prefecture of Illyricum.
SH21644. Silvered double maiorina, RIC VIII Sirmium 106, LRBC II 1621, SRCV V 19153, Cohen VIII 38, superb EF, weight 9.246 g, maximum diameter 29.0 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Sirmium (Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia) mint, summer 361 - 26 Jun 363 A.D.; obverse D N FL CL IVLIANVS P F AVG, pearl diademed draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse SECVRITAS REIPVB (security of the Republic), bull standing right, two stars above horns, *ASIRM and wreath in exergue; SOLD


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The common belief which identifies the bull with the Apis bull is probably wrong. An interesting passage from Dio Chrysostom compares a good ruler to a bull. Also, Julian was most likely born in May, in the sign of Taurus. The stars are probably the two important star clusters in Taurus, Pleiades and Hyades. Taurus or Apis, this bull is pagan and this coin was the last pagan coin type issued by the Empire.
SH32850. Billon double maiorina, RIC VIII Constantinople 164, EF, weight 8.601 g, maximum diameter 28.7 mm, die axis 0o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 3 Nov 361 - 26 Jun 363 A.D.; obverse D N FL CL IVLIANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse SECVRITAS REIPVB• (security of the Republic), bull right, two stars above, CONSP[...] in exergue; SOLD







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OBVERSE LEGENDS

DNCLIVLANVSAVG
DNCLIVLIANVSNC
DNCLIVLIANVSNOBCAES
DNFLCLIVLIANVSPFAVG
DNIVLIANVSNOBC
DNIVLIANVSNOBCAES
DNIVLIANVSPFAVG
FLCLIVLIANVSPFAVG
FLCLIVLIANVSAVG
FLCLIVLIANVSNOBC
FLCLIVLIANVSNOBCAES
FLCLIVLIANVSPERPAVG
FLCLIVLIANVSPFAVG
FLCLIVLIANVSPPAVG
IVLIANVSAVG


REFERENCES

Carson, R., P. Hill & J. Kent. Late Roman Bronze Coinage. (London, 1960).
Carson, R., H. Sutherland and J. Kent. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol VIII, The Family of Constantine I, A.D. 337 - 364. (London, 1981).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 8: Nepotian to Romulus Augustus, plus tesserae & cotorniates. (Paris, 1888).
Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Constantin II à Zenon (337-491). Moneta 5. (Wetteren, 1996).
Ferrando, P. L'atelier monétaire d'Arles: de Constantin le Grand à Romulus Augustule (313-476). (Arles, 2010).
Paolucci, R. & A. Zub. La monetazione di Aquileia Romana. (Padova, 2000).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. V. Diocletian (Reform) to Zeno. (Oxford, 1982).
King, C. & Sear, D. Roman Silver Coins, Volume V, Carausius to Romulus Augustus. (London, 1987).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. V: The Christian Empire: The Later Constantinian Dynasty and the Houses of Valentinian and Theodosius and Their Successors, Constantine II to Zeno, AD 337 - 491. (London, 2014).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).
Voetter, O. Die Münzen der romischen Kaiser, Kaiserinnen und Caesaren von Diocletianus bis Romulus: Katalog der Sammlung Paul Gerin. (Vienna, 1921).

Catalog current as of Friday, October 20, 2017.
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Roman Coins of Julian II