The celebration for a reign typically began a year before the actual and lasted the entire year. The actual celebratory events were likely at the beginning and end of this year-long period. This means that coins celebrating an were often struck from up to a year before that . Julian was named by in 355 and used this as the date of the beginning of his reign, not 360 when he was named Emperor by his troops in Gaul, nor 361 when Constantius died and he was acknowledged Emperor throughout the Empire. Thus the celebration of Julian's decannalia, or tenth of reign, was to begin in 364. In late 362, when Julian needed extra coinage to prepare for his Persian War, what better to strike than a coinage? He really should not have used X for the Soluta, or vows completed, for two more years but it served as great propaganda. He was informing the populace that he will be around in two years when the war is over.
RL84698. Bronze , 106, II 1909, 19174, 151, -, EF, nice portrait, , detail, minor flaws, tiny edge cracks, 2.841 g, maximum 19.6 mm, 180o, 1st , (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 361 - 363 A.D.; D N FL CL IVLIANVS , helmeted and left holding spear and ; VOT / X / MVLT / XX in four lines within , tied at the bottom, closed with a jewel at the top, HERACL•A in ; $130.00 (€115.70)
, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D., Ancient Counterfeit With
This coin combines an die of , 337 - 361, with a die of , 360 - 363 A.D. The unlikely of types from different emperors and issues, the light , and the flaw on the indicate it is a plated ancient counterfeit.
Ancient counterfeits often have mismatched obverses and reverses. Transfer dies were made using genuine coins which were destroyed in the process. Since making each die destroyed the coin, the same coin could not be used to make both dies. The destroyed coins were undoubtedly melted to contribute to the silver foil plate.
Unlike counterfeit , counterfeit are very . are so thin, that striking counterfeits with a bronze core apparently could not provide an economic benefit worth the effort and risk.RS79849. silver plated reduced , cf. official, mint, silver, 180 (for ) and 233 (for ), aVF, on a cutting off parts of , marks, scratches, corrosion, edge crack, edge chips, 1.385 g, maximum 17.1 mm, 180o, illegal mint, c. 360 - 365 A.D.; D N CONSTANTIVS , laureate, draped, and right; VOT / X / MVLT / XX in four lines within , in closing at the top, CONST in ; $125.00 (€111.25)
abbreviates Decennalibus Multis Vicennalibus. Earlier in the empire, this would have meant that Julian had completed his vows (prayers) to thank the gods on the tenth of his rule, and made more vows to the gods that they might him achieve his twentieth . Julian ruled less than three and a half years. By Julian's time, votive inscriptions had come to express hopes rather than reality.
RL77939. Bronze , Cyzicus 130 (S), II 2512, 19180, 151, -, F, green with red earthen highlighting, centered on , scratches, 3.074 g, maximum 19.5 mm, 0o, 1st , Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 362 - 363 A.D.; D N FL CL IVLIANVS , helmeted and left holding spear and ; VOT / X / MVLT / XX in four lines within , tied at the bottom, closed with a jewel at the top, CVZA in ; from the Butte College Foundation, ex-Lindgren; ; $45.00 (€40.05)
On 25 August 357, Julian defeated the Alemanni at Strasbourg (Argentoratum). He drove the barbarians back behind the Rhine.
BB83866. Bronze reduced maiorina, Cyzicus 116 (S), II 2503, 19076, 16, -, , porous, large split, 2.089 g, maximum 17.5 mm, 180o, 4th , Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, as , 6 Nov 355 - Feb 360 A.D.; D N FL CL IVLIANVS NOB CS, bare-headed, draped, and right; FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times ), soldier standing left, wearing helmet, military garb and on left arm, spearing a fallen horseman wearing a pointed cap, horseman laying across his fallen horse and raising arm, •M• in left , SMK∆ in ; very ; $12.00 (€10.68)
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