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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ The Severan Period ▸ GetaView Options:  |  |  | 

Geta, 209 - c. 26 December 211 A.D.

Publius Septimius Geta was the younger son of Septimius Severus and Julia Domna. No love was lost between him and his older brother Caracalla, and although at their father's deathbed they pledged to remain united, within months each had their own rival factions and vied with each for supremacy. Pretending reconciliation, Caracalla scheduled a meeting at their mother's house where instead Geta was ambushed and murdered. Geta died in his mother's arms.


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In Roman religion, every man has a genius, a presiding spirit. In De Die Natali, Censorinus says, from the moment we are born, we live under the guard and tutelage of Genius. Cities, organizations, and peoples also had a genius. On coins, we find inscriptions to the Genius of the Roman people, of the Senate, of the Emperor, etc.
RS79615. Silver denarius, RIC IV 59(a); RSC III 114; BMCRE V p. 274, 579; Hunter III 24; SRCV II 7187, Choice EF, superb portrait, mint luster, near perfect centering, small edge cracks, weight 3.737 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 208 A.D.; obverse P SEPTIMIVS GETA CAES, bearded, draped bust right, from behind; reverse PONTIF COS II, Genius standing left, sacrificing from patera in right hand over flaming altar, ears of grain downward in left hand; $350.00 (€311.50)
 


Geta, 209 - c. 26 December 211 A.D., Anchialus, Thrace

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When the Odrysian kingdom was abolished in 45 A.D., Anchialos (Pomorie, Bulgaria today) became part of the Roman province of Thrace. It was formally proclaimed a city under Trajan. Anchialos thrived in the 2nd and 3rd centuries serving as the most important import and export station of Thrace and acquired the appearance of a Roman city under the Severan Dynasty.
RP68711. Bronze 4 assaria, Varbanov 464 (R5), AMNG II 555, SNG Cop -, BMC Thrace -, Lindgren -, aVF, glossy green patina, weight 14.534 g, maximum diameter 30.7 mm, die axis 45o, Anchialus (Pomorie, Bulgaria) mint, 209 - 212 A.D.; obverse AY K Π CEΠ ΓETAC, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse OYΛΠIANΩN AΓ−X−IAΛEΩN, Demeter standing left, reaching with right toward serpent coiled around large torch before her, small torch cradled in her left, two small pellets over ∆ in center field; rare; $215.00 (€191.35)
 


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Victory or Nike is seen with wings in most statues and paintings, with one of the most famous being the Winged Victory of Samothrace. Most other winged deities in the Greek pantheon had shed their wings by Classical times. Nike is the goddess of strength, speed, and victory. Nike was a very close acquaintance of Athena and is thought to have stood in Athena's outstretched hand in the statue of Athena located in the Parthenon. Victory or Nike is also one of the most commonly portrayed figures on Greek and Roman coins.
RS79983. Silver denarius, RIC IV 23; RSC III 206; BMCRE V p. 200, 247; Hunter III 14; SRCV II 7205, EF, cute boy portrait, well struck, toned, surfaces a little frosty, light marks, edge cracks, weight 3.482 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, as caesar, c. 200 - 202 A.D.; obverse P SEPT GETA CAES PONT, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse VICT AETERN, Victory flying left, holding open wreath in both hands over shield set on low base; ex Forum (2006) ex CNG electronic auction 121 (Sep 2005), lot 242; $150.00 (€133.50)
 


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The estimated worldwide human population was about 257 million in 200 A.D. According to the United Nations, the worldwide human population reached 7 Billion on October 31, 2011.
RS76287. Silver denarius, RIC IV 23; RSC III 206; BMCRE V p. 200, 247; Hunter III 14; SRCV II 7205, EF, cute boy portrait, well struck, toned, surfaces a little frosty, light marks, edge cracks, weight 3.240 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 200 A.D.; obverse P SEPT GETA CAES PONT, draped bust right, from behind; reverse VICT AETERN, Victory flying left, holding open wreath in both hands, shield set on low base at feet before her; $140.00 (€124.60)
 


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The estimated worldwide human population was about 257 million in 200 A.D. According to the United Nations, the worldwide human population reached 7 Billion on October 31, 2011.
SH73167. Silver denarius, RIC IV 18; RSC III 157b; BMCRE V p. 198, 234; SRCV II 7196, VF, weight 3.284 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, as caesar, c. 200 A.D.; obverse P SEPT GETA CAES PONT, boy's bare-headed and draped bust right; reverse PRINC IVVENTVTIS (Prince of Youth), Geta standing left, baton in right hand, scepter in left hand, trophy of captured arms behind; $110.00 (€97.90)
 


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Although Ares was viewed by the Greeks primarily as destructive and destabilizing, worthy of contempt and revulsion, for the Romans, Mars was a father (pater) of the Roman people. He was the father of Romulus and Remus, the legendary founders of Rome. In early Rome, he was second in importance only to Jupiter, and the most prominent of the military gods in the religion of the Roman army. Most of his festivals were held in March, the month named for him (Latin Martius), and in October, which began and ended the season for military campaigning and farming.
RS73366. Silver denarius, RSC III 76, RIC IV 103, BMCRE V 742, SRCV II 7179, VF, small flan, weight 1.830 g, maximum diameter 16.0 mm, die axis 0o, Laodicea ad Mare (Latakia, Syria) mint, 202 A.D.; obverse P SEPTIMIVS GETA CAES, draped bust right, from behind; reverse MARTI VICTORI, Mars advancing right, transverse spear in right hand, trophy over shoulder in left; scarce; $50.00 (€44.50)
 







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OBVERSE LEGENDS

GETACAESPONTCOS
GETACAESPONTIF
IMPCAESPSEPTGETAPIVSAVG
LSEPTIMIVSGETACAES
LSEPTGETACAESPONT
PSEPTGETACAESPONT
PSEPTIMGETACAESAR
PSEPTGETAPIVSAVGBRIT
PSEPTIMIVSGETACAES
PSEPTIMIVSGETAPIVSAVGBRIT


REFERENCES

Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Calicó, E.X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. II: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 4: Septimius Severus to Maximinus Thrax. (Paris, 1884).
Mattingly, H.B., E.A. Sydenham & C.H.V. Sutherland. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol IV, From Pertinax to Uranius Antoninus. (London, 1986).
Mattingly, H. & R.A.G. Carson. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum, Vol. 5: Pertinax to Elagabalus. (London, 1950).
Mouchmov, N.A. Le Tresor Numismatique De Reka-Devnia (Marcianopolis). (Sofia, 1934).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. III. Pertinax to Aemilian. (Oxford, 1977).
Seaby, H.A. & Sear, D.R. Roman Silver Coins, Volume III, Pertinax to Balbinus and Pupienus. (London, 1982).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. II: The Accession of Nerva to the Overthrow of the Severan Dynasty AD 96 - AD 235. (London, 2002).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Friday, February 24, 2017.
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Roman Coins of Geta