Sol Invictus ("Unconquered Sun") was the sun god of the later Roman Empire and a of soldiers. In 274 the Roman emperor made it an official cult alongside the traditional Roman cults. The god was favored by emperors after and appeared on their coins until Constantine. The last referring to Sol Invictus dates to 387 and there were enough devotees in the 5th century that Augustine found it necessary to preach against them. The date 25 December was selected for Christmas to replace the popular Roman festival Dies Natalis Solis , the "Birthday of the Unconquered Sun."RS79611. Silver , 293d; 389; p. 465, 194; 6848, -, EF, portrait, centering and strike, lustrous, tiny edge cracks, 3.157 g, maximum 19.9 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 217 A.D.; ANTONINVS AVG , laureate right; XX P P (high priest, tribune of the people for 20 years, consul for the 4th time, father of the country), Sol standing slightly left, left, nude but for over shoulders and left arm, raising right hand commanding , whip in left hand; $350.00 (€311.50)
, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., ,
Asklepios was the son of and a mortal woman named Coronis. killed Coronis for being unfaithful but rescued the unborn Asklepios from her womb. carried the baby to the who raised and instructed him in the art of medicine. In return for some kindness, a snake taught him secret knowledge of healing. became so proficient as a healer that he surpassed both and his father, . was even able to evade death and to bring the dead back to life. Zeus killed him to restore balance to the human population but later resurrected Asclepios as a god to prevent a feud with . Zeus instructed Asclepios to never revive the dead without his approval.
RP84488. Bronze AE 30, 184.108.40.206 (R5), 2204 var. ( leg.), 154 var. (same), -, -, VF, nice green , , some light corrosion, , 14.349 g, maximum 30.1 mm, 180o, (Sofia, Bulgaria) mint, AVK M AVPH ANTΩNINOC, laureate right; OVΛΠIAC CEP∆IKHC, seated left on throne without back, torso bare, around hips and leges and over left shoulder, in right hand, snake-coiled staff in left hand; from the Dr. Sam Mansourati Collection, ex CNG e-auction 320 (12 Feb 2014), lot 281; this coin is the only example of the on Coin Archives; very ; $285.00 (€253.65)
, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D.
in her aspect as the divine ancestress of the Roman people was known as . According to , and as recorded in Virgil's Aeneid, Aeneis was the son of who fled Troy after its destruction and founded the city of Rome. , being of the , claimed direct descent from and . built a Temple of in his new . Most depictions of on Roman coinage are of the statue in the , and do not directly refer to pregnancy or fertility.RS79617. Silver , C388c, 212, 13, C25, 7106, EF, fantastic portrait, mint luster, tiny green spots of encrustation, 3.246 g, maximum 19.5 mm, 225o, Rome mint, reign of , 216 A.D.; IVLIA AVG, draped right; (Mother ), enthroned left, extending right hand, long vertical in left hand; $225.00 (€200.25)
This indicates Severus granted a special favor to . The water may indicate that he improved the water supply, possibly construction of an aqueduct.RS79924. Silver , 130a; 97; p. 208, 280; 38; 6806, VF, nice youth portrait, excellent centering, edge cracks, 3.228 g, maximum 19.6 mm, 0o, Rome mint, 201 - 206 A.D.; ANTONINVS AVG, laureate and draped right, from behind; INDVLGENTIA IN CARTH, Dea Caelestis riding right over water gushing from rock, thunderbolt in right hand, in left hand; $225.00 (€200.25)
was the chief female divinity in the Roman . She was the wife of and a member of the Capitoline Triad. She had many different aspects, such as , , and , but here she is depicted as , holding the symbolic of equity and a indicating plenty. This surname was given to because she counseled the Romans to undertake only just wars in which case she promised that they would never be in want of money. The first mint in Rome was within the temple of .
SL84526. Silver , 224; 165; p. 372, 90; 15; 6821, NGC AU (4277059-009), Rome mint, 210 - 213 A.D.; ANTONINVS AVG , laureate right; , standing left, in right hand, in left; from the Dr. Sam Mansourati Collection; $190.00 (€169.10)
, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., ,
(Stara Zagora, Bulgaria today) was founded by , c. 106 A.D. During 2nd - 3rd century A.D., it was the second largest city in Roman , after , and was fortified by strong walls. The city struck bronze coins from the time of to .SH68297. Bronze AE 28, 1095 (R4) = 300, -, -, Nice F, 15.539 g, maximum 27.6 mm, 0o, (Stara Zagora, Bulgaria) mint, AYT K M AYP CEYH ANTΩONINOC, laureate and right, from b; AYΓOYCTHC TPAIANHC, city-gate flanked by two crenellated towers, a third crenellated tower in the center behind the gate; $180.00 (€160.20)
A nice little boy portrait with no sign of the monster he would become.RS79933. Silver , 68; 686; p. 234, 396; p. 52, 23; 6908, VF, excellent boy portrait, , 3.498 g, maximum 18.3 mm, 0o, Rome mint, 202 A.D.; ANTONINVS AVG, laureate and draped boy's right; PON TR P V COS, standing left, togate and veiled, sacrificing over lit tripod from a in right hand, in left hand; ; $165.00 (€146.85)
, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Antiocheia,
A temple of has been excavated at Antioch, . , the Greek moon goddess, was female, which seems natural because the female menstrual cycle follows the lunar month. But was a male moon-god, probably originally of the indigenous non-Greek Karian people. By Roman times, was worshiped across Anatolia and in . He was associated with fertility, healing, and punishment. is usually depicted with a crescent moon behind his shoulders, wearing a , and holding a lance or sword in one hand and a pine-cone or in the other. His other attributes include the and cock.RP79565. Bronze AE 24, -, -, -, -, -, -, -, -, -, VF, attractive unusual with , dark with coppery high points, 5.635 g, maximum 23.6 mm, 180o, Antioch in (Yalvac, Turkey) mint, 28 Jan 198 - 8 Apr 217 A.D.; ANTONINVS AVG, laureate and right, wearing ; ANTIOCH FORTVNA COE, standing facing, right, wearing , crescent with horns up rising behind shoulders, left foot on , leaning with left elbow on , long vertical in right hand, in left hand, cock standing left at feet on left; $150.00 (€133.50)
, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., ,
was founded around 315 B.C. by Cassander, of , on or near the site of the ancient town of Therma. He named it after his wife Thessalonike, a daughter of and a half-sister of Alexander the Great. In 168 B.C. it became the capital of the Secunda and in 146 B.C. it was made the capital of the whole Roman province of . Due to its and location at the intersection of two major Roman roads, grew to become the most important city in . was important in the spread of Christianity; the First Epistle to the Thessalonians written by Paul the Apostle is the first written book of the New Testament.RP83478. Bronze AE 24, 158 (V25/R55), 3793, 4416 (R6), 6753, -, -, -, F, green , a few minor scratches, edge bump, 6.654 g, maximum 23.8 mm, 90o, Thessalonika (Salonika, ) mint, AV K M AVP ANTΩNINOC, laureate right; ΘECCAΛONKEΩN, standing right, left foot on helmet, held with both and resting on left knee; $150.00 (€133.50)
, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Amphipolis,
(Greek for luck; the Roman equivalent was ) was the presiding tutelary deity that governed the fortune and prosperity of a city, its destiny. Increasingly during the Hellenistic period, cities had their own specific iconic version of , wearing a (a crown like the walls of the city).RP83502. Bronze AE 23, 3277 (R4); p. 59, 128; 778; 112 var. ( leg.); -, VF, green , 6.845 g, maximum 22.8 mm, 180o, Amphipolis mint, 28 Jan 198 - 8 Apr 217 A.D.; AVT K - ANTΩNOINOC, laureate and draped right, from behind; AMΦIΠOΛEITΩN, city goddess enthroned left, wearing turreted crown, in extended right hand, left hand at her side; $150.00 (€133.50)
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