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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ The Year of 5 Emperors ▸ Pescennius NigerView Options:  |  |  | 

Pescennius Niger, April to 1 June 193 - March, April or May 194 A.D.

Pescennius Niger was declared emperor by his troops after the murder of Pertinax. Septimius Severus, after consolidating his own forces and taking Rome, marched upon Niger and defeated him three times. After a fourth in a final defeat at Issus, Niger fled towards Parthia but was overtaken and executed.


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A superb Pescennius Niger. Excellent centering on a large round flan, with mint luster in the field surrounding the portrait.

The reverse die is very rare and we could not find any other specimen. The three RIC 47a-d, IVSTITIA AVGVSTI specimens we found all have the cornucopia away from the body of the goddess, which is the normal way as seen on most coins. However our coin shows the cornucopia rotated and held close to the body. This type was also used for a RIC 45, the more common issue with short IVSTITIA AVG legend.
SH28188. Silver denarius, RIC IV 47d, Choice EF, weight 2.983 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, obverse IMP CAES C PESC NIGER IVST AVG, laureate head right; reverse IVSTITIA AVGVSTI, Justitia standing left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left; extremely rare R4; SOLD


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SH56927. Silver denarius, RSC III 75h, RIC IV 87d var. (also holding palm); BMCRE V 315 var. (rev. legend breaks), gVF, toned, some nice color, weight 3.044 g, maximum diameter 18.0 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, obverse IMP CAES C PESC NIGER IVST AVG, laureate head right; reverse VIC-TO-RIAE AVG, winged Victory standing left, nude to the waist, wreath in extended right, left hand on hip holding drapery; ex Nomos AG; ex Numismatik Lanz auction 138, lot 713, 26 Nov 2007; very rare; SOLD


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The ruins of Antioch on the Orontes lie near the modern city of Antakya, Turkey. Founded near the end of the 4th century B.C. by Seleucus I Nicator, one of Alexander the Great's generals, Antioch's geographic, military and economic location, particularly the spice trade, the Silk Road, the Persian Royal Road, benefited its occupants, and eventually it rivaled Alexandria as the chief city of the Near East and as the main center of Hellenistic Judaism at the end of the Second Temple period. Antioch is called "the cradle of Christianity," for the pivotal early role it played in the emergence of the faith. It was one of the four cities of the Syrian tetrapolis. Its residents are known as Antiochenes. Once a great metropolis of half a million people, it declined to insignificance during the Middle Ages because of warfare, repeated earthquakes and a change in trade routes following the Mongol conquests, which then no longer passed through Antioch from the far east.6th Century Antioch
SH22818. Silver denarius, RIC IV 34 var., cf. RIC IV 32 for obverse legend, aEF, weight 3.980 g, maximum diameter 16.7 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, obverse IMP CAES C PESCE NIGERISTI AVG, laureate head right; reverse INVICTO IMPERAT, trophy of captured arms, more arms piled at the base; rare; SOLD







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OBVERSE LEGENDS

IMPCAESCPESCENIGERIVS
IMPACESCPESCENIGERIVSTI
IMPCAESCPESCENIGERIVSTIAG
IMPCAESCPESCENIGERIVSTIAV
IMPCAESCPESCENITAV
IMPCAESCPESCNIGER
IMPCAESCPESCNIGERAVG
IMPCAESCPESCNIGERIVSAVGCOS
IMPCAESCPESCNIGERIVSAVGCOSII
IMPCAESCPESCNIGERIVST
IMPCAESCPESCNIGERIVSTAVG
IMPCAESCPESCNIGERIVSTAVGCOSII
IMPACESCPESCNIGERIVSTI
IMPCAESCPESCNIGERIVSTVSAVGCOSII
IMPCAESCPESCNIGER
IMPCAESCPESCNIGERIVS
IMPCAESCPESCNIGERIVSTAV
IMPCAESCPESCNIGERIVTAVG
IMPCAESCPESCONIGERIVSTIAG
IMPCAESCPESCONIGERIVSTIAV
IMPCAESCPESENIGERIVA
IMPCPESCNIGERIVSAVGCOSII
IMPCAESCPESNIGERIVSAVG
IMPCAESCPESNIGERIVST
IMPCAESPESCENIGERISTIAVG
IMPCAESPESCENIGERIVST


REFERENCES

Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Calic, E. The Roman Avrei, Vol. II: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cayn, J. Los Sestercios del Imperio Romano, Vol. III: De Marco Aurelio a Caracalla (Del 161 d.C. al 217 d.C.). (Madrid, 1984).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 4: Septimius Severus to Maximinus Thrax. (Paris, 1884).
Mattingly, H., E. Sydenham & C. Sutherland. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. IV: From Pertinax to Uranius Antoninus. (London, 1986).
Mattingly, H. & R. Carson. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum, Vol. 5: Pertinax to Elagabalus. (London, 1950).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. III. Pertinax to Aemilian. (Oxford, 1977).
Seaby, H. & Sear, D. Roman Silver Coins, Vol. III, Pertinax to Balbinus and Pupienus. (London, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. II: The Accession of Nerva to the Overthrow of the Severan Dynasty AD 96 - AD 235. (London, 2002).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Saturday, December 16, 2017.
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Roman Coins of Pescennius Niger