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Apamea is believed to be the Biblical city Shepham (Num. xxxiv. 11). After the Mithridatic Wars it became a great center for trade, largely carried on by resident Italians and Jews. Apamea is mentioned in the Talmud (Ber. 62a, Niddah, 30b and Yeb. 115b). By order of Flaccus, nearly 45 kilograms of gold, intended by Jews for the Temple in Jerusalem was confiscated in Apamea in 62 B.C. On the outbreak of the Jewish War, the inhabitants of Apamea spared the Jews who lived in their midst, and would not suffer them to be murdered or led into captivity (Josephus, Bell. Jud. ii. 18, § 5).
Apameia, Phrygia, c. 133 - 48 B.C.
Rome received Apamea with the Pergamene Kingdom in 133 B.C., but sold it to Mithridates V of Pontus, who held it till 120 BC. After the Mithridatic Wars it became a great center for trade, largely carried on by resident Italians and Jews. Apamea is mentioned in the Talmud (Ber. 62a, Niddah, 30b and Yeb. 115b). By order of Flaccus, nearly 45 kilograms of gold, intended by Jews for the Temple in Jerusalem was confiscated in Apamea in 62 B.C. Christianity was very likely established early in the city, and Saint Paul probably visited the place, for he went throughout Phrygia. The city's decline dates from the local disorganization of the empire in the 3rd century.GB92906. Bronze AE 22, BMC Phrygia p. 84, 87; SNG Cop 177; SNG Tübingen 2972; SNG München 126; SGCV II 5121; SNGvA -, gVF, excellent style, attractive green patina, earthen deposits, weight 8.491 g, maximum diameter 21.5 mm, die axis 0o, Phrygia, Apameia (Dinar, Turkey) mint, c. 133 - 48 B.C.; obverse head of Zeus right, wearing wreath of oak and laurel leaves; reverse AΠAME - MENEK / ∆IO, cultus-statue of Artemis Anaitis facing, wearing kalathos and veil, taenia hanging from each hand (arm supports); ex Savoca Numismatik auction 32 (14 Apr 2019), lot 125; $80.00 (€70.40)
Vespasian, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D., Apamea, Phrygia
This type, the only issue by Apamea in Phrygia during the Flavian Period, may have been issued to finance recovery from an earthquake and fire mentioned by Suetonius (Vesp. 17).
Apamea or Apameia, Phrygia (also called Apamea Cibotus, Apamea ad Maeandrum, or Apamea on the Maeander) was an ancient city in Anatolia founded in the 3rd century B.C. by Antiochus I Soter, who named it after his mother Apama. It was in Hellenistic Phrygia, but became part of the Roman province of Pisidia.RP77369. Bronze AE 26, RPC II 1389; SNG Cop 210; SNGvA 3491; SNG München 152; BMC Phrygia p. 95, 150, Fair, nice portrait for grade, nice green patina, weight 9.728 g, maximum diameter 25.9 mm, die axis 0o, Phrygia, Apameia (Dinar, Turkey) mint, struck under Plancius Varus, Praetorian Legate; obverse AYTOKPATΩP KAIΣAP ΣEBAΣTOΣ OUEΣΠAΣIANOΣ, laureate head right; reverse EΠI ΠΛANKIOY OYAPOY KOINON ΦPUΓIAΣ AΠAMEIΣ, bundle of five stalks of grain; $40.00 (€35.20)
Apameia, Phrygia, c. 88 - 40 B.C.
While playing the flute Athena saw her reflection in the water and disturbed by how her cheeks looked, puffed up while playing, threw away the instrument in disgust. The satyr Marsyas picked up the flute and since it had once been inspired by the breath of a goddess, it played beautifully on its own accord. Elated by his success, Marsyas challenged Apollo to a musical contest. For the prize, the victor could do what he pleased with the vanquished. The Muses were the umpires. Apollo played the cithara and Marsyas the flute. Only after Apollo added his voice to the music of his lyre was the contest decided in his favor. As a just punishment for the presumption of Marsyas, Apollo bound him to an evergreen tree and flayed him alive. His blood was the source of the river Marsyas, and Apollo hung up his skin, like a wine bag, in the cave out of which that river flows.GB91794. Bronze AE 16, HGC 7 674, F, tight flan, a little rough, edge splits, weight 3.397 g, maximum diameter 16.3 mm, die axis 300o, Phrygia, Apameia (Dinar, Turkey) mint, c. 88 - 40 B.C.; obverse turreted head of Artemis right, bow and quiver on shoulder behind; reverse satyr Marsyas walking right on a meander pattern, nude but for nebris (skin of a fawn) tied on his neck and flying behind, playing Athena's double flute, AΠAMEΩN downward on right, magistrates' names in two downward lines on left; $24.00 (€21.12)
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