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Caria was a region of western Anatolia extending along the coast from mid-Ionia (Mycale) south to Lycia and east to Phrygia. The Ionian and Dorian Greeks colonized the west of it and joined the Carian population in forming Greek-dominated states there.
Persian Achaeminid Empire, Carian Satrapy, Hekatomnos, c. 392 - 377 B.C.
Hecatomnus was a native of Mylasa, which he made his capital and the seat of his government. His coins often depict Zeus Labrandenos from the celebrated temple of that name near Mylasa. The Persian emperor appointed Hecatomnus to command naval forces in the war against Evagoras of Cyprus, but he not only took no part in support of the Emperor, but secretly supplied Evagoras with money for mercenaries. The disorganized Persian monarchy took no action against Hecatomnus and he continued to rule Caria until his death. He left three sons, Mausolus, Idrieus and Pixodarus - all of whom - in their turn, succeeded him in the sovereignty.GS76809. Silver tetartemorion, Troxell Carians 2c, SNG Keckman 848 ff., SNG Kayhan 837 ff., SNG Tüb 3312 ff., Klein 507, Traite II -, SNG Cop -, gVF, area of flat strike on male head, toned, weight 0.172 g, maximum diameter 5.9 mm, die axis 0o, Mylasa (Milas, Turkey) mint, c. 390 - 380 B.C.; obverse forepart of lion right, head turned back left, tongue protruding; reverse male head (Apollo?) facing slightly left, with long hair, no inscriptions or symbols, all within a round incuse; $155.00 SALE PRICE $140.00
SNG Finland, The Erkki Keckman Collection in the Skopbank, Helsinki, Part I, Karia
SNG Keckman I
The Erkki Keckman Collection in the Skopbank, Helsinki, Part I, Karia
Richard Ashton, editor.
Often called SNG Keckman or SNG Helsinki. This volume, one of two for the Keckman Collection, is a primary reference for the coins of Karia. It is difficult to obtain but essential for dealers and specialist collectors.BKBKARIA. SNG Finland, The Erkki Keckman Collection in the Skopbank, Helsinki, Part I, Karia, 32 plates, 926 coins, ONLY ONE COPY AVAILABLE; $140.00 SALE PRICE $126.00
Mygissos, Caria, c. 350 - 300 B.C.
Many Greek cities had names beginning MY, and this type has been attributed to many of them. Most references attribute the type to Myus. Mygissos is most likely correct because nearby Nisyros issued coins with a very similar reverse with NI above the dolphin.GB69183. Bronze chalkous, SNG München 335 (MY...), SNG Cop 1022 (Myus), SNGvA 2114 (Myus), SNG Tüb 3115 (Myus), SNG Keckman 235 (Myndos?), SNG Kayhan 847 (Myndos), VF, pitting, weight 1.910 g, maximum diameter 11.0 mm, die axis 270o, Mygissos mint, c. 350 - 300 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Poseidon right; reversedolphin right, MY above, trident right below; rare; $125.00 SALE PRICE $113.00
Caria, Uncertain City (probably Mylasa), c. 420 - 390 B.C.
Among the smallest coins ever minted.GA76794. Silver tetartemorion, SNG Kayhan 940 - 943, SNG Keckman I 926, VF, weight 0.150 g, maximum diameter 5.7 mm, die axis 165o, Carian mint, c. 420 - 390 B.C.; obverse forepart of lion right, head turned back left; reverse bird standing left within incuse square; $115.00 SALE PRICE $104.00
Mygissos, Caria, c. 350 - 300 B.C.
Many Greek cities had names beginning MY, and this type has been attributed to many of them. Mygissos is most likely correct because nearby Nisyros issued coins with a very similar reverse with NI above the dolphin.GB67788. Bronze chalkous, SNG München 335 (MY...), SNG Cop 1022 (Myus), SNGvA 2114 (Myus), SNG Tüb 3115 (Myus), SNG Keckman 235 (Myndos?), SNG Kayhan 847 (Myndos), F, weight 1.655 g, maximum diameter 11.1 mm, die axis 0o, Mygissos mint, c. 350 - 300 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Poseidon right; reversedolphin right, MY above, trident right below; very rare; $100.00 SALE PRICE $90.00
Halikarnassos(?), Caria, c. 400 - 340 B.C.
In Kadmos 37 (1998), K. Konuk identifies Halikarnassos as a possible reading of the ethnic Carian reverselegend. The ram head may be a symbol of Apollo as the god of flocks and herds.GA72261. Silver hemiobol, SNG Keckman 873 (uncertain mint), SNG Kayhan 996, Klein 496, SNG Tübingen 3316, SNG München -, SNG Cop -, VF, weight 0.507 g, maximum diameter 8.6 mm, die axis 270o, Carian mint, c. 400 - 340 B.C; obversehead of ram right; reverse young male head right, retrograde ethniclegend (resembles reversed S-A) across lower fields; $95.00 SALE PRICE $85.50
BK65556. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Turkey 8: Mugla Museum, Volume 1, Caria, Istanbul, 2012; hardbound, quatro, 15 pages of plates with corresponding pages of descriptions (377 coins); $80.00 SALE PRICE $72.00
Mylasa, Caria, c. 2nd Century B.C.
Mylasa (Milas, Turkey today) was often mentioned by ancient writers. The first mention is from early 7th century B.C., when Arselis, a Carian leader from Mylasa, helped Gyges in his fight for the Lydian throne. Under Persia, Mylasa was the chief city of Caria. Mylasa joined the Delian League c. 455 B.C., but Persian rule was restored by 400. Mylasa was the hometown and first capital of the Hecatomnid dynasty, nominally Persian satraps, but practically kings of Caria and the surrounding region, 377 - 352 B.C. In the Hellenistic era, the city was contested by Alexander's successors, but prospered. Mylasa was severely damaged in the Roman Civil War in 40 B.C., but again regained prosperity under Roman rule.GB67789. Bronze AE 13, Akarca 34; SNG Cop 422; SNG Keckman 226; BMC Caria p. 129, 11; Weber 6528; SGCV II 4911, VF, light corrosion, weight 1.915 g, maximum diameter 12.5 mm, die axis 0o, Mylasa (Milas, Turkey) mint, 2nd century B.C.; obverse free horse trotting right; reverse ornamented trident head, M−Y flanking shaft; $75.00 SALE PRICE $67.50
In 314, Kassander sent Eupolemus to invade Caria, but he was surprised and captured by Ptolemy, a general for Antigonus. He must have been soon freed, as the next year he was commanding the forces Kassander left behind in Greece, when he moved north against Antigonus.GB77500. Bronze AE 18, BMC Caria p. 128, 1; SNG München 21; SNG Keckman 221; SNG Cop (Part 10) 1166; SNGvA 8049; Lindgren III 435; SNG Tüb -, VF, pitting, marks, weight 3.551 g, maximum diameter 17.6 mm, Mylasa (Milas, Turkey) mint, 314 B.C.; obverse three Macedonian shields overlapping and leaning together, spear heads on bosses; reverse EYΠO/ΛEMOY, sword in sheath, with strap, labrys (control) below; ex Gitbud & Naumann e-auction 5 (6 Apr 2014), lot 266; $65.00 SALE PRICE $58.50
Bargylia, Caria, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.
According to myth, Bargylia, on the coast of Caria between Iasos and Myndus, was founded by Bellerophon in honor of his companion Bargylos, who had been killed by a kick from Pegasus. Near Bargylia was the Temple of Artemis Kindyas. Strabo reports the local belief that rain would fall around the temple but never touch it.GB90110. Bronze AE 20, BMC Caria p. 72, 11; SNG Cop -; SNGvA -; SNG München -, F, green patina, weight 4.614 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 315o, Bargylia (Bogazici, Turkey) mint, 2nd - 1st century B.C.; obverse Pegasos flying right; reverse BAPΓYΛ/HTΩN (in two lines, starting downward on right, ending downward on left), stag standing right; ex Ancient Imports; very rare; $50.00 SALE PRICE $45.00
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