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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Byzantine Coins| ▸ |The Restored Empire| ▸ |John VII||View Options:  |  |  | 

John VII Palaeologus, 14 April - 17 September 1390, Regent for Manuel II 1399 - 1402 A.D.

Joint rule as junior emperor with Andronicus IV (his father) usurper from John V (his grandfather), 12 August 1376 - 1 July 1379.
Sole rule as a usurper from John V (his grandfather) and Manuel II (his uncle), 14 April - 17 September 1390 A.D.
Regent for Manuel II (his uncle), 1399 - 1402 A.D.
John VII was first made junior emperor in 1376 to 1379, after his father, Andronikos IV, usurped the throne from his grandfather John V. The usurpers were deposed and partially blinded, but allowed to govern Selymbria. John VII followed his father's example and in 1390 also deposed his grandfather, but with the help of Venice and his loyal son Manuel II, John V took back his throne after only five months. Over time, relations between John VII and Manuel II improved. After a five year Ottoman siege, in 1399 Manuel II left for the European courts to ask for military aid. John VII was left as regent to defend the capital. When the Mongol Timur defeated the Ottomans at the Battle of Ankara, it forced the Ottomans to lift the siege. Taking advantage of the Ottoman civil war that followed and rival princes seeking Byzantine friendship, John VII secured the return of much of the Turkish-occupied European coast including the city of Thessalonica. On Manuel's return, John dutifully returned power to him and retired to Thessalonica as a semi-independent ruler using the title "Emperor of All Thessaly" for the rest of his life.
Byzantine Empire 1400 AD


Byzantine Empire, John VII Palaeologus, as Regent for Manuel II 1399 - 1402 A.D.

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John VII was first made junior emperor in 1376 to 1379, after his father, Andronikos IV, usurped the throne from his grandfather John V. The usurpers were deposed and partially blinded, but allowed to govern Selymbria. John VII followed his father's example and in 1390 also deposed his grandfather, but with the help of Venice and his loyal son Manuel II, John V took back his throne after only five months. Over time, relations between John VII and Manuel II improved. After a five year Ottoman siege, in 1399 Manuel II left for the European courts to ask for military aid. John VII was left as regent to defend the capital. When the Mongol Timur defeated the Ottomans at the Battle of Ankara, it forced the Ottomans to lift the siege. Taking advantage of the Ottoman civil war that followed and rival princes seeking Byzantine friendship, John VII secured the return of much of the Turkish-occupied European coast including the city of Thessalonica. On Manuel's return, John dutifully returned power to him and retired to Thessalonica as a semi-independent ruler using the title "Emperor of All Thessaly" for the rest of his life.Byzantine Empire 1400 AD
SH90642. Silver half stavraton, Bendall PCPC 346.8, sigla 8; DOC V 1334 - 1345; Sommer 89.1; Ratto 2269; SBCV 2562, VF, weight 3.802 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 1399 - 1402; obverse IC - XC (Greek abbreviation: Jesus Christ) across field, bust of Christ facing, cross nimbus, tunic and himation, right raised in benediction, Gospels in left, double border with C - P between on opposite sides and 14 pellets around; reverse + IWANIC BACIΛEVC O ΠAΛEOΛOΓO (John Palaeologus, king), bust of John VII facing, bearded, nimbate, crown with pendilia, pellet in left and right fields; very rare; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, John VII Palaeologus, Regent for Manuel II, 1399 - 1402 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
John VII was first made junior emperor in 1376 to 1379, after his father, Andronikos IV, usurped the throne from his grandfather John V. The usurpers were deposed and partially blinded, but allowed to govern Selymbria. John VII followed his father's example and in 1390 also deposed his grandfather, but with the help of Venice and his loyal son Manuel II, John V took back his throne after only five months. Over time, relations between John VII and Manuel II improved. After a five year Ottoman siege, in 1399 Manuel II left for the European courts to ask for military aid. John VII was left as regent to defend the capital. When the Mongol Timur defeated the Ottomans at the Battle of Ankara, it forced the Ottomans to lift the siege. Taking advantage of the Ottoman civil war that followed and rival princes seeking Byzantine friendship, John VII secured the return of much of the Turkish-occupied European coast including the city of Thessalonica. On Manuel's return, John dutifully returned power to him and retired to Thessalonica as a semi-independent ruler using the title "Emperor of All Thessaly" for the rest of his life.Byzantine Empire 1400 AD
BZ86361. Silver half stavraton, quarter hyperpyron, sigla 8; DOC V 1343 (O11/R4), Bendall PCPC 346.8; Sommer 89.1; Ratto 2269; SBCV 2562, Grierson -, VF, well centered on a tight flan, toned, flan cracks, weight 3.591 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 180o, Imperial mint, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 1399 - 1402; obverse bust of Christ facing, cross nimbus, tunic and himation, right raised in benediction, Gospels in left, IC - XC (Greek abbreviation: Jesus Christ) across field, double border with C - P between on opposite sides at center and 14 pellets around; reverse + IWANIC BACIΛEVC O ΠAΛEOΛOΓO (King John Palaeologus), bust of John VII facing, bearded, nimbate, crown with pendilia, pellet in left and right fields; rare; SOLD







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REFERENCES|

Bellinger, A. Catalogue of the Byzantine Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection and in the Whittemore Collection, Vol. V: Michael VII to Constantine XI, 1258-1453. (Washington D.C., 1999).
Bendall, S. A Private Collection of Palaeologan Coins. (Wolverhampton, 1988).
Bendall, S. & P. Donald. Later Palaeologan Coinage, 1282-1453. (London, 1979).
Bendall, S. & P. Donald. "Additions To 'Later Palaeologan Coinage'" in NCirc LXXXVIII.2 (Feb. 1980).
Grierson, P. Byzantine Coins. (London, 1982).
Lianta, E. Late Byzantine Coins, 1204 - 1453, in the Ashmolean Museum, University of Oxford. (London, 2009).
Ratto, R. Monnaies Byzantines et d'autre Pays contemporaines l'poque byzantine. (Lugano, 1930).
Sabatier, J. Description gnrale des monnaies Byzantines. (Paris, 1863).
Sear, D. Byzantine Coins and Their Values. (London, 1987).
Sommer, A. Die Mnzen des Byzantinischen Reiches 491-1453. Mit einem Anhang: Die Mnzen des Kaiserreichs von Trapezunt. (Regenstauf, 2010).

Catalog current as of Friday, November 22, 2019.
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Byzantine Coins of John VII Palaeologus