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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Themes & Provenance ▸ Heros ▸ Other HerosView Options:  |  |  | 

Other Heros

Taras, Calabria, Italy, c. 280 - 272 B.C.

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Taras, the only Spartan colony, was founded in 706 B.C. The founders were Partheniae ("sons of virgins"), sons of unmarried Spartan women and Perioeci (free men, but not citizens of Sparta). These out-of-wedlock unions were permitted to increase the prospective number of soldiers (only the citizens could be soldiers) during the bloody Messenian wars. Later, however, when they were no longer needed, their citizenship was retroactively nullified and the sons were obliged to leave Greece forever. Their leader, Phalanthos, consulted the oracle at Delphi and was told to make the harbor of Taranto their home. They named the city Taras after the son of Poseidon, and of a local nymph, Satyrion. The reverse depicts Taras being saved from a shipwreck by a dolphin sent to him by Poseidon. This symbol of the ancient Greek city is still the symbol of modern Taranto today.
GS85114. Silver nomos, Vlasto 739 ff., HN Italy 1006, SNG ANS 1106 ff., SNG BnF 1904 ff., SNG Mnchen 669 ff., SNG Lloyd 206, Dewing 211, EF, lovely old cabinet toning with hints of iridescence, well centered, beautiful depiction of Phalanthos, some obverse die wear, weight 6.537 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, die axis 45o, Taras (Taranto, Italy) mint, magistrates Zo, Neyme, & Poly, c. 280-272 B.C.; obverse nude youth on horseback right crowning horse with wreath; magistrates' names ZΩ above and NEY/MH in two lines below; reverse Taras (or Phalanthos) astride dolphin left, nude, legs crossed, helmet in extended right hand, stars flanking before and behind, magistrates name ΠOΛY above right, TAPAΣ below; ex Goldberg auction 96, lot 1498; $800.00 (712.00) ON RESERVE


Larissa, Thessaly, Greece, c. 450 - 400 B.C.

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During religious games, the young men of Thessaly participated in bull jumping and bull wrestling. In bull wrestling, participants would jump from a horse, naked save a chlamys (cloak) and petasos (hat), to bring a bull down to the ground. The obverse shows a wrestler bringing down a bull and the reverse shows the horse running free after the leap was made. The game may have originated in Asia Minor and then traveled to Crete, where it is known the people of Thessaly learned the sport.
GS73408. Silver drachm, Lorber Thessalian 50, SNG Cop 110, BCD Thessaly I 1128, BCD Thessaly II 175, HGC 4 420 (S), F, etched surfaces, porous, weight 5.509 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 0o, Larissa mint, c. 450 - 400 B.C.; obverse hero Thessalos restraining bull, both left, holding band around its head, nude but for billowing chlamys tied around his neck, petasos tied around neck flying behind; reverse bridled horse running right, trailing rein, ΛAPI/ΣAIA in two lines above and below, all within shallow incuse square; ex BCD Collection with his tag noting, "Ex. Sotheby's 7 March 96, lot 252 (part), the lot of 9 AR + 49 AE for 550 +%."; scarce; $225.00 (200.25)


Larissa, Thessaly, Greece, c. 450 - 400 B.C.

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During religious games, the young men of Thessaly participated in bull jumping and bull wrestling. In bull wrestling, participants would jump from a horse, naked save a chlamys (cloak) and petasos (hat), to bring a bull down to the ground. The obverse shows a wrestler bringing down a bull and the reverse shows the horse running free after the leap was made. The game may have originated in Asia Minor and then traveled to Crete, where it is known the people of Thessaly learned the sport.
GS73424. Silver drachm, Lorber Thessalian 52, SNG Munchen 49, BCD Thessaly I 1128, BCD Thessaly II 175, HGC 4 420 (S), F, off-center, uneven strike, die wear, weight 6.075 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 315o, Larissa mint, c. 450 - 400 B.C.; obverse hero Thessalos restraining bull, both left, holding band around its head, nude but for billowing chlamys tied around his neck, petasos tied around neck flying behind; reverse bridled horse running right, trailing rein, ΛAPI/ΣAIA in two lines above and below, all within shallow incuse square; ex BCD Collection with his tag noting, "Thessaly Z hd. early '85."; scarce; $180.00 (160.20)


Marathos, Phoenicia, 173 - 172 B.C.

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Marathos, the most northern coastal town in Phoenicia, was apparently under Ptolemaic hegemony when this coin was struck. The bust of Hermes is usually attributed to be also that of Ptolemy VI. Destroyed by its neighbor and rival Aradus, c. 145 B.C., Marathos was later rebuilt as a colony of Aradus.
GP73972. Bronze AE 21, Svoronos 1082 - 1085 (various controls); Duyrat Ateliers 252 - 261 (same); Cohen Dated 832; cf. HGC 10 194 (S); SNG Cop -; BMC Phoenicia -, F, black patina, rough, corrosion, weight 6.489 g, maximum diameter 21.1 mm, die axis 0o, Marathos (near Tartus, Syria) mint, 173 - 172 B.C.; obverse laureate and draped bust of Ptolemy VI as Hermes, kerykeion over shoulder; reverse Marathos standing left, apluster in right, Phoenician date IIIIIIINNNN (year 87) on left, Phoenician MRT (Marathos) right, Phoenician control letters low across field; $100.00 (89.00)


Gyrton, Thessaly, Greece, c. 350 - 330 B.C.

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Some sources say Gyrton was named for its founder, Gyrton, a brother of Phlegyas, who built the town on the Peneius river. Other sources say the town was named for the nymph Gyrtone, a daughter of Phlegyas. Both are depicted on this coin.
GB83640. Bronze dichalkon, Rogers 228; BCD Thessaly 1052; BCD Thessaly II 83.4; SNG Cop 57, BMC Thessaly p. 20, 1 var. (nymph right), F, tight flan, corrosion, weight 3.89 g, maximum diameter 16.8 mm, die axis 90o, Gyrton mint, c. 350 - 330 B.C.; obverse head of the hero Gyrton right, head and neck of bridled horse right before him; reverse ΓYPTΩNION, head of nymph Gyrtone left, her hair bound in a roll and wearing an earring and a necklace; $80.00 (71.20)


The Maliens, Lamia, Thessaly, 325 - 300 B.C.

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The Malien tribe inhabited the area around the Malian Gulf. Lamia was their main town and only mint.

Philoctetes was the son of King Poeas of Meliboea, Thessaly. When Herakles put on a shirt stained with Hydra's blood, the blood poisoned him, tearing his skin and exposing his bones. To end his suffering, Herakles built for himself a funeral pyre. Only his friend Philoctetes would light it. As Herakles body burned, but his immortal side rose to Olympus. Philoctetes was given Heracles' bow and poisoned arrows. Later, the Greeks learned through a prophecy that they needed the bow and arrows of Herakles to defeat Troy. Philoctetes shot Paris with one of Herakles' arrows, and he later died from the poison. Philoctetes was among those chosen to hide inside the Trojan Horse, and during the sack of the city he killed many famed Trojans.
GB72645. Bronze chalkous, BCD Thessaly I 1093; BCD Thessaly II 125; Rogers 384 (Malia); Georgiou Lamia 16; SNG Cop 87; Traite IV 462, BMC Thessaly p. 35, 3 ff. (Malienses), F, flan crack, weight 1.775 g, maximum diameter 14.0 mm, die axis 0o, Lamia mint, 325 - 300 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet and necklace; reverse MAΛIEΩN, Philoktetes standing right, shooting bow at birds, one of which falls before him; quiver on the ground at his feet on right; rare; $60.00 (53.40)


Gyrton, Thessaly, Greece, c. 350 - 330 B.C.

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Some sources say Gyrton was named for its founder, Gyrton, a brother of Phlegyas, who built the town on the Peneius river. Other sources say the town was named for the nymph Gyrtone, a daughter of Phlegyas. Both are depicted on this coin.
BB90753. Bronze dichalkon, Rogers 227; BCD Thessaly 1051; BCD Thessaly II 83.3; SNG Cop 56; BMC Thessaly p. 20, 1, F, weight 4.006 g, maximum diameter 15.7 mm, die axis 180o, Gyrton mint, c. 350 - 330 B.C.; obverse head of the hero Gyrton right; head and neck of bridled horse right before him; reverse ΓYPTΩNION, head of nymph Gyrtone right, her hair bound in a roll and wearing an earring and a necklace; $50.00 (44.50)


Halos, Thessaly, Greece, 3rd Century B.C.

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Alos or Halos was 10 km south of present-day Almyros. The city is mentioned by Herodotus as one of the places where the Persian king Xerxes stayed in the summer of 480 B.C. during his attack on Greece. The classical city was destroyed in 346 during the Third Sacred War, but was refounded in 302 by Demetrius Poliorcetes. This Hellenistic city lies very close to the surface and is greatly disturbed, but several houses have been excavated, as well as a part of the city walls. This city was abandoned in the mid-third century, perhaps after an earthquake. A Byzantine fort was the last building phase from Antiquity.
GB75129. Bronze dichalkon, Reinder series 6; Rogers 241, fig. 114; BCD Thessaly II 85, gF, rough, corrosion, weight 2.868 g, maximum diameter 15.4 mm, die axis 195o, Halos mint, 3rd century B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right; reverse Phrixos, nude but for cloak billowing behind him, clinging to neck and chest of ram flying right, AX monogram to upper left; ex Roma Numismatics e-sale 12 (1 Nov 2014), lot 268; ex Frank James Collection; $45.00 (40.05)







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Catalog current as of Monday, July 24, 2017.
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Other Heros