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Pietas in traditional Latin usage expressed a complex, highly valued Roman virtue; a man or woman with pietas respected his or her responsibilities to other people, gods and entities (such as the state), and understood his or her place in society with respect to others.
Julius Caesar, Imperator and Dictator, October 49 - 15 March 44 B.C.
This was the first coin issued in Caesar's name. It was minted after his invasion of Italy and crossing of the Rubicon on 10 January 49 B.C. until his defeat of Pompey at Pharsalus. The symbolism on the obverse appears to be the triumph of good over evil. The reverse refers to Caesar's office of Pontifex Maximus (high priest of Rome).SH84764. Silver denarius, Crawford 443/1, Sydenham 1006, RSC I 49, Sear CRI 9, BMCRR Gaul 27, Russo RBW 1557, SRCV I 1399, near Mint State, light toning on luster, broad flan, uneven strike, reverse 1/5 off center, weight 3.834 g, maximum diameter 21.0 mm, die axis 30o, military mint, traveling with Caesar, 49 B.C.; obverseelephant walking right trampling on a dragon or carnyx (Celtic war trumpet) ornamented to look like a dragon, CAESAR below; reverse implements of the pontificate: culullus (cup) or simpulum (ladle), aspergillum (sprinkler), securis (sacrificial ax), and apex (priest's hat); ex Harlan J. Berk; $1570.00 SALE PRICE $1413.00
Marcus Aurelius, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D.
In 143, municipal doctors were designated across the Roman Empire. SH85481. Silver denarius, RIC III 424a, RSC II 451, BMCRE IV (A. Pius) 277, SRCV II 4786, Choice gVF, well centered and struck, attractive rose toning, die wear, strong flow lines, edge splits, weight 3.099 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, as caesar, 140 - 144 A.D.; obverse AVRELIVS CAESAR AVG PII F COS, bare head right; reversePIETAS AVG (to the piety of the Emperor), implements of the augurate and pontificate: secespita (knife), aspergillum (sprinkler), ewer (jug), lituus (augural staff), and simpulum (ladle); $400.00 SALE PRICE $360.00
Plautilla, Augusta 202 - 22 January 205 A.D., Wife of Caracalla
Although this coin suggests Caracalla and Plautilla desired an heir, it would have been difficult because their mutual hatred was so strong they even refused to dine together. Their marriage was likely never consummated. After the fall and execution of her father, Caracalla's Praetorian Prefect, she was exiled to the Lipari islands and executed in 212 A.D.RS79621. Silver denarius, RIC IV 367, RSC III 16, BMCRE V 422, SRCV II 7072, Choice VF, nice portrait, well centered, edge cracks, weight 3.431 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, c. 203 A.D.; obverse PLAVTILLA AVGVSTA, draped bust right, hair wavy, plait looped at back of neck; reversePIETAS AVGG (to the piety of the two emperors), Pietas standing facing, head right, long scepter vertical in right hand, child on left arm; scarce; $180.00 SALE PRICE $162.00
Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D.
A nice little boy portrait with no sign of the monster he would become.RS79933. Silver denarius, RIC IV 68; RSC III 686; BMCRE V p. 234, 396; Hunter III p. 52, 23; SRCV II 6908, Choice VF, excellent boy portrait, well centered, weight 3.498 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 202 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate and draped boy's bust right; reverseVOT SVSC DEC PON TR P V COS, Caracalla standing left, togate and veiled, sacrificing over lit tripod altar from a patera in right hand, roll in left hand; scarce; $150.00 SALE PRICE $135.00
Geta, 209 - c. 26 December 211 A.D.
References all identify the sacrificing figure as Geta. Indeed, it usually does appear to be a younger figure without a beard. We think the sacrificing figure on this coin looks like Septimius Severus. Perhaps it is just our imagination, or perhaps it was an engraver's error.RS84972. Silver denarius, RIC IV 62b; RSC III 117; BMCRE V p. 275, 588; Hunter III 27 var. (also cuirassed); SRCV II 7189, Choice EF, excellent centering, attractive style, light encrustations, edge cracks, weight 3.261 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, as caesar, early 209 A.D.; obverse P SEPTIMIVS GETACAES, youth's bare-headed and draped (not cuirassed) bust right, from behind; reversePONTIFCOS II (priest, consul for the 2nd time), Geta standing left, veiled and togate, patera over lighted altar in right hand, baton in left hand; $150.00 SALE PRICE $135.00
Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D.
Pietas in traditional Latin usage expressed a complex, highly valued Roman virtue; a man or woman with pietas respected his or her responsibilities to the gods, family, other people and entities (such as the state), and understood his or her place in society with respect to others.RS77586. Silver RIC IV 129, RSC IV 186, SRCV III 8677, Hunter III -, Choice EF, very broad flan, some luster, tiny edge cracks, weight 2.904 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 241 A.D.; obverse IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassedbust right, from behind; reversePIETAS AVGVSTI (the piety of the Emperor), Pietas standing slightly left, veiled head left, raising both hands in prayer; $145.00 SALE PRICE $131.00
Julia Domna, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D.
Pietas in traditional Latin usage expressed a complex, highly valued Roman virtue; a man or woman with pietas respected his or her responsibilities to the gods, family, other people and entities (such as the state), and understood his or her place in society with respect to others.RS79616. Silver denarius, RIC IV S572, BMCRE V S165, RSC III 150, Hunter III 16, SRCV II 6600, VF, nice portrait, full circles centering on obverse and reverse, some die wear, flan cracks, weight 3.543 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 204 A.D.; obverse IVLIA AVGVSTA, draped bust right; reversePIETAS AVGG (to the piety of the two emperors), Pietas standing half left, veiled, dropping incense on altar with right hand, box in left hand; $125.00 SALE PRICE $113.00
Lucilla, Augusta c. 164 - 182 A.D., Wife of Lucius Verus
For Roman wives, piety often meant accepting neglect. It was not considered adultery for a Roman husband to have sex with slaves or unmarried women. The historian Spartianus wrote that after Lucilla complained, Lucius Verus reproached her: "Uxor enim dignitatis nomen est, non voluptatis" (Wife is the name of dignity, not bliss).RB83576. Orichalcumsestertius, RIC III 1756, BMCRE IV 1161, Cohen III 54, Hunter II 27, SRCV II 5505, F, glossy dark sea-green patina, light corrosion on obverse, rough areas on reverse, squared tight flan, weight 19.43 g, maximum diameter 30.9 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 164 - 166 A.D.; obverse LVCILLAE AVG ANTONINI AVG F, draped bust right; reversePIETAS, Pietas standing left, veiled, raising her right hand, perfume-box in left hand, flaming altar at feet on left, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across field; $95.00 SALE PRICE $85.50
Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D.
Antoninus Pius is depicted on the reverse in his role as Pontifex Maximus, the high priest of Rome, the president of the college of pontiffs, and responsible for overseeing the religion and sacred ceremonies of the Romans. On 17 December 384, after the Christian emperor Gratian refused the title, Pope Siricius took the title Pontifex Maximus.RB73733. Orichalcumsestertius, RIC III 794 (S), Hunter II 387, BMCRE IV 1726, cf. SRCV II 4246 (TR P XXII), Cohen -, F, well centered, green patina, weight 28.792 g, maximum diameter 32.1 mm, die axis 315o, Rome mint, c. 158 - 159 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P, laureate head right; reverseVOTA SVSCE-PTA DEC III, emperor standing left, togate, sacrificing over flaming tripod altar (no bull), S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across field, COS IIII in exergue; big 32 mm bronze!; scarce; $90.00 SALE PRICE $81.00
Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., ColoniaPatricia, HispaniaBaetica
Cordova, a city in Andalusia was the first colony planted by the Romans in Spain. Its original name was Corduba. When it was made a Roman colony it was renamed ColoniaPatricia, to honor the veterans and worthy men who settled it, to whom honor was due, as to Fathers (Patribus). This type may have been struck for Augustus' visit to the city in 15 - 14 B.C.RP84536. Bronze quadrans, Villaronga-Benages 3359, RPC I 131, SNG Lorichs 1393, SNG Cop -, gVF, dark green patina, buff earthen deposits, light marks, edge cracks off center, weight 1.879 g, maximum diameter 14.0 mm, die axis 180o, ColoniaPatricia (Cordoba, Spain) mint, 20 - 2 B.C., probably 15 - 14 B.C.; obverse PER CAE AVG, bare head left; reverse COLO PATR, priest's sacrificial implements: patera (bowl) above aspergillum (sprinkler), capis (jug), and lituus (wand); $90.00 SALE PRICE $81.00