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Pietas in traditional Latin usage expressed a complex, highly valued Roman virtue; a man or woman with pietas respected his or her responsibilities to other people, gods and entities (such as the state), and understood his or her place in society with respect to others.
|Minted after his invasion of Italy and crossing of the Rubicon on 10 January 49 B.C. until his defeat of Pompey at, this was the first coin issued in Caesar's name. The was long described as an trampling a snake, symbolizing triumphing over evil. For the Romans, however, the snake was a symbol of healing, not evil. The image to the right (click it to see a larger photo) is on the side of the Gundestrup cauldron depicting three warriors sounding their war trumpets. Clearly, Caesar's is trampling a and the symbolizes Caesar's over the tribes of Gaul. The refers to Caesar's office of , the high priest of , a title now held by the Pope.|