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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Themes & Provenance ▸ Gods, Non-Olympian ▸ IsisView Options:  |  |  | 

Isis

Isis was an ancient Egyptian goddess of motherhood, magic, nature and fertility, worshiped as the ideal wife and mother. She was the friend of slaves, sinners, artisans, and the downtrodden, and she listened to the prayers of the wealthy, maidens, aristocrats, and rulers. Worship of Isis spread throughout the Greco-Roman world, continuing until the suppression of paganism in the Christian era.


Melita (Mdina, Malta), Under Roman Rule, c. 218 - 175 B.C.

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Roman rule in Malta was established in the early stages of the Second Punic War. In 218 BC, Roman consul Tiberius Sempronius Longus sailed with his fleet from Sicily to Melite, and the Carthaginian commander Hamiclar surrendered without offering much resistance. The island was subsequently integrated into the Roman province of Sicilia, and Maleth became known as Melite. The city was regarded as a haven, far from the politics of Rome.
GI84543. Bronze AE 28, Calciati III p. 351, 2; Coleiro 2; SNG Cop VIII 458; SNG Evelpidis I 738; SNG Dreer 603; SNG Morcom -, F, well centered, dark green patina, marks and corrosion, weight 12.970 g, maximum diameter 29.1 mm, die axis 0o, Melita (Mdina, Malta) mint, c. 218 - 175 B.C.; obverse veiled female head right wearing stephane; reverse mummy of Osiris standing facing, head left, holding flail and scepter, between winged figures of Isis and Nephthys, each with wings lowered and crossed in front, each wearing solar disk with horns, each holding palm frond and uncertain object, Punic letters ANN above; very rare; $140.00 SALE PRICE $126.00


Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt

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During mummification, large organs, such as the liver, lungs, stomach and intestines were extracted and placed in four jars. In the Ptolemaic period, the Greeks called these jars "canopic jars," relating them to the deity of the old city Canop (now a village in Abu Kyr). The heart was left in the body because it held the spirit, understanding and senses and would be needed on the Day of Judgment in the underworld.
RX79882. Billon tetradrachm, Milne 1059; Geissen 851; Dattari 1310; BMC Alexandria p. 75, 633; Kampmann 32.253; Emmett 828, aVF, reverse slightly off-center, right side of obverse legend unstruck, areas of corrosion, weight 13.213 g, maximum diameter 24.2 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 123 - 28 Aug 124 A.D.; obverse AYT KAI TPAI A∆PIA CEB, laureate bust right, wearing aegis; reverse Canopus (jar) of Isis wearing crown of horns and disk, uraeus on breast, L - H (year 8) across fields; $120.00 SALE PRICE $108.00


Iol-Caesarea, Mauretania, Late 3rd - 2nd Century B.C.

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Phoenicians from Carthage founded Iol as as a trading station around 400 B.C. It became a part of the kingdom of Numidia under Jugurtha, c. 160 - 104 B.C. In 29 B.C., Roman emperor Augustus made the Numidian King Juba II and his wife Cleopatra Selene II (daughter of Marc Antony and Cleopatra of Egypt) king and queen of Mauretania. The capital was established at Iol, which was renamed Caesarea in honor of the emperor.
GB84547. Bronze 1/4 Unit, SNG Cop 681, Alexandropoulos MAA 146, Mazard 549, MŁller Afrique 288, F, tight flan, flan crack, corrosion, marks, weight 2.638 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 90o, Iol-Caesarea (Cherchell, Algeria) mint, late 3rd - 2nd century B.C.; obverse head of Isis left, Punic letters ayin over tet behind; reverse obscure counterclockwise Punic inscription, three grain ears; $100.00 (Ä89.00)


Katane, Sicily, c. 2nd - 1st Century B.C.

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This type was probably first struck, in fine style, in the 3rd century, probably shortly before Roman rule was established in 212 B.C. This and some other examples, appear to be part of a later issue, struck under Roman rule, imitating the earlier type, but with a cruder style. Despite HGC listing it only as scarce, both the finer style and this cruder style appear to be very rare.
GI76589. Bronze AE 18, Calciati III p. 108 - 109, 22; SNG Cop 191; SNG ANS 1277; SNG MŁnchen 489; cf. HGC 2 609 (S, finer style, earlier?), F, crude late style, weight 3.965 g, maximum diameter 18.0 mm, die axis 0o, Katane mint, c. 2nd - 1st century B.C.; obverse jugate heads right of Serapis (nearer), both wearing a simplified Isis type headdress, ear of barley behind; reverse KATANAIΩN, Apollo standing half left, nude but for chlamys over arms, laurel branch in his right hand, bow in his left hand, left forearm resting on pillar, quiver and omphalos at feet on left; very rare; $110.00 SALE PRICE $99.00


Katane, Sicily, c. 212 - 50 B.C.

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Catania, on the east coast of Sicily between Messina and Syracuse, has been repeatedly damaged and even destroyed by catastrophic earthquakes and eruptions from Mount Etna, yet it still prospers. Today, Catania is an economic, tourism, and education center, and an important hub of industry, nicknamed the "European Silicon Valley."
GB65645. Bronze two chalkoi, Calciati III p. 112, 26; SNG ANS 1284; SNG Cop 194; BMC Sicily p. 52, 66 (hexas), VF, nice for the type, green patina, weight 3.590 g, maximum diameter 16.4 mm, die axis 0o, Katane (Catania, Sicily, Italy) mint, c. 212 - 50 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo left, monogram behind neck; reverse KATA/NAIΩN, Aphrodite Hyblaia (or Isis?) standing right, wearing kalathos on head, dove in extended right hand, II (2 chalkoi) right; rare; $75.00 SALE PRICE $67.50


Ptolemaic Kingdom, Cleopatra III and Ptolemy IX Soter II (Lathyros), c. 116 - 110 B.C.

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After Ptolemy VIII died in 116 B.C., Cleopatra III ruled with her mother Cleopatra II and son Ptolemy IX. In 110 B.C., she replaced Ptolemy IX as co-regent with her second son Ptolemy X. Ptolemy IX regained the throne in 109 but was again replaced in 107 B.C. In 101 B.C., Ptolemy X had his mother Cleopatra III murdered and then ruled alone or with his niece and wife, Berenice III.
GP66505. Bronze AE 12, Svoronos 1720 (Ptolemy X), Weiser 171, SNG Milan 541, Noeske -, SNG Cop -, VF, weight 1.376 g, maximum diameter 12.1 mm, die axis 45o, Kyrene mint, 116 - 110 B.C.; obverse head of Zeus-Ammon right; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ (beginning at 5:00), headdress of Isis, E-W/Θ−Σ across fields; $44.00 SALE PRICE $39.60


Ptolemaic Kingdom, Cleopatra III and Ptolemy IX Soter II (Lathyros), 116 - c. 110 B.C.

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After Ptolemy VIII died in 116 B.C., Cleopatra III ruled with her mother Cleopatra II and son Ptolemy IX. In 110 B.C., she replaced Ptolemy IX as co-regent with her second son Ptolemy X. Ptolemy IX regained the throne in 109 but was again replaced in 107 B.C. In 101 B.C., Ptolemy X had his mother Cleopatra III murdered and then ruled alone or with his niece and wife, Berenice III.
GP65914. Bronze AE 14, cf. Svoronos 1845; Buttrey Cyrene 378; SNG Cop 685, Noeske 392, Weiser -, aVF, nice desert patina, weight 2.710 g, maximum diameter 15.1 mm, die axis 315o, Kyrene mint, 116 - c. 110 B.C.; obverse horned head of Zeus-Ammon right, wearing diadem; reverse ΠTOΛE BAΣIΛE ΣΩ (or similar), headdress of Isis; $36.00 SALE PRICE $32.40


Kyrene, Kyrenaica, North Africa, c. 120 - 96 B.C.

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From the time of the late reign of Ptolemy VIII to that of Ptolemy Apion. Ptolemy Apion was a son of Ptolemy VIII, perhaps by an Egyptian concubine. This makes him a half-brother of Ptolemy IX and X. He died without an heir and left his kingdom to Rome.
GB65943. Bronze obol, cf. Svoronos Pl. XLVI, 23 - 25 (Ptolemy V), SNG Cop 438 (Ptolemy IV - VIII, c. 221 - 140 B.C.), VF, green patina, encrusted, weight 7.654 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 0o, Kyrene mint, c. 120 - 96 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Ptolemy Soter right with aegis; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΠTOΛEMAIOY, head of Isis right, hair in formal curls down neck, cornucopia below chin; $32.00 SALE PRICE $28.80


Ptolemaic Kingdom, Cleopatra III and Ptolemy IX Soter II (Lathyros), 116 - c. 110 B.C.

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After Ptolemy VIII died in 116 B.C., Cleopatra III ruled with her mother Cleopatra II and son Ptolemy IX. In 110 B.C., she replaced Ptolemy IX as co-regent with her second son Ptolemy X. Ptolemy IX regained the throne in 109 but was again replaced in 107 B.C. In 101 B.C., Ptolemy X had his mother Cleopatra III murdered and then ruled alone or with his niece and wife, Berenice III.
GP62411. Bronze AE 14, cf. Svoronos 1845; Buttrey Cyrene 378; SNG Cop 685, Noeske 392, Weiser -, F, weight 1.923 g, maximum diameter 13.6 mm, die axis 0o, Kyrene mint, 116 - c. 110 B.C.; obverse horned head of Zeus-Ammon right, wearing diadem; reverse ΠTOΛE BAΣIΛE ΣΩTH (or similar), headdress of Isis; $25.00 SALE PRICE $22.50







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Catalog current as of Tuesday, February 28, 2017.
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Isis