Dioscourias, , c. 105 - 90 B.C.
The Milesian Greek colony of Dioscurias was named for the , the twins of myth, and . Commerce between and the indigenous tribes was bustling in the city, wares were imported from many parts of , and local salt and Caucasian timber, linen, and hemp were exported. It was also a center of slave trade. The multitude of languages spoken in its bazaars was remarkable. Under , the city assumed the name of Sebastopolis, but its prosperity was in the past. The Black Sea had continuously encroached upon the city and in the 1st century Pliny the Elder described it as nearly deserted. The towers and walls of Sebastopolis are underwater today. In 542, the Romans evacuated the remaining residents and demolished its citadel to prevent it from being captured by the Sassanids. In 565, Justinian I the and Sebastopolis remained a stronghold until it was sacked by the Arab conqueror Marwan II in 736.GB85237. Bronze AE 16, Black Sea 1021, 102, 638, 5 SGCV 3629, 205, VF, cleaning scratches, off center, 5.367 g, maximum 16.3 mm, 0o, Dioscourias (Sokhumi, Abkhazia, Georgia) mint, c. 105 - 90 B.C.; two piloi (caps of the ), surmounted by stars; ∆IOΣ/KOY-PIA/∆OΣ in three lines divided by in center; ex e-sale 28 (2 Jul 2016), lot 123; $80.00 (€71.20)
Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus II Theos, 261 - 246 B.C.
Antiochus II Theos was the son of Antiochus I and Princess Stratonice, the daughter of Demetrius Poliorcetes. He inherited a state of war with and while he was thus occupied, his satraps in and declared independence. To make peace with and to seal the treaty, Antiochus repudiated his wife Laodice I, exiled her to , and married Ptolemy II's daughter Berenice. Antiochus later left Berenice and their infant son Antiochus, to live again with Laodice. Laodice poisoned him, had Berenice and her infant son murdered, and proclaimed her son Seleucus II as .GB71666. Bronze AE 20, 565(2)b, 348A, 1312, 254 (R2), 87 var. (no ), -; c/m: -, aVF, oval , edge crack, light encrustation and corrosion, 4.254 g, maximum 19.5 mm, 315o, Tarsos (Tarsus, Mersin, Turkey) mint, 261 - 246 B.C.; the galloping on horseback right, spears raised in right ; Promachos standing right, brandishing javelin in right hand, in left hand, with flukes left below, BAΣIΛEΩΣ in upward line on left, ANTIOXOY in upward line on right, (control) inner left, : ΠA in a square punch; ; $70.00 (€62.30)
Tripolis, , 13 - 14 A.D.
Tripolis (Tripoli, Lebanon) was the center of a Phoenician confederation of Tyre, and Arados, hence the name Tripoli, meaning "triple city" in Greek.
In 14 A.D., a begun in 8 A.D. concluded there were 4,973,000 citizens of the Roman Empire.RP73059. Bronze AE 21, 4515; p. 207, 33 - 36; 1679; -, F, green , 9.468 g, maximum 20.9 mm, 45o, Tripolis (Tripoli, Lebanon) mint, 13 - 14 A.D.; laureate heads of the Dioskouroi right; TPIΠOΛITΩN, standing right on a war galley prow right, extending in right hand, frond in left hand, L M∆ (Actian era year 44) above prow, TKE ( year 325) below prow; $55.00 (€48.95)
Rhegion, , Italy, c. 215 - 150 B.C.
Rhegion reached great artistic and cultural heights. It was to academies, such as the Pythagorean School, and to well-known poets, historians and sculptors such as Ibycus, Ippy, and Pythagoras. It was an important ally of the Roman Republic. Rhegium flourished during the Imperial Age but was devastated by several major earthquakes and tsunami. St. Paul passed through Rhegium on his final voyage to (Acts XXVIII:13).GI79581. Bronze , 2557; 766; 1981; 1710; p. 384, 105, aF, rough, weak strike, 3.330 g, maximum 17.7 mm, 0o, Rhegion (Reggio, , Italy) mint, Second Punic War, c. 211 - 201 B.C.; heads of the Dioskouroi right, wearing and laurel wreaths, two stars above; Demeter standing facing, left, two stalks of grain in right hand, long torch vertical in left hand, crescent over IIII (mark of value) on left, PHΓINΩN downward on right; ex John Jencek; $45.00 (€40.05)
Tripolis, , c. 77 - 76 B.C.
Although this is dated, the date it was struck is uncertain. dates the civic era from 205 B.C., when Tripolis received autonomy from the Seleukid Kingdom.
GB74036. Bronze AE 16, p. 203, 15 ff.; 272; 312 (S); 726 (R2), F, 3.616 g, maximum 15.9 mm, 180o, Tripolis mint, c. 77 - 76 B.C.; of right, wearing turreted crown and veil, frond behind shoulder; prow right, (caps of the ) above, LΘK (year 29) downward on left, TPIΠOΛITΩN below; ; $36.00 (€32.04)
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