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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Themes & Provenance ▸ Gods, Non-Olympian ▸ Hades or PlutoView Options:  |  |  | 

Hades or Pluto

Hades to the Greeks, Pluto to the Romans, was the god of the dead and the underworld. A fearsome figure to those still living; in no hurry to meet him, the ancients were reticent to swear oaths in his name, averted their faces when sacrificing to him, and rarely depicted him on coins or in art. The Secular Games, festivals held in his honor, were held in Rome every 100 years.


Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt

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The ancients did not agree on the attributes of Serapis. A passage in Tacitus affirms that many recognized in this god, Aesculapius, imputing healing to his intervention; some thought him identical with Osiris, the oldest deity of the Egyptians; others regarded him as Jupiter, possessing universal power; but by most he was believed to be the same as Pluto, the "gloomy" Dis Pater of the infernal regions. On this coin, Pluto's influence is evident with the fearsome Kerberos at Serapis' feet.
RP72130. Bronze drachm, cf. Dattari-Savio 8907 - 8908, Dattari-Savio Suppl. pl. 20, 165, Geissen 1616/1620, Milne 2011, Kampmann-Ganschow 35.444, Emmett 1668, aF, porous, rough, flan cracks, weight 22.957 g, maximum diameter 34.6 mm, die axis 45o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 148 - 28 Aug 149 A.D.; obverse AVT K T AIΛ A∆P ANTWNINOC CEB EVC, laureate head right; reverse L ∆W∆EKATOV (year 12), temple with two columns, Serapis seated left within, right hand resting on a head Cerberus at his feet, long scepter vertical behind in left, orb in pediment; $110.00 SALE PRICE $99.00


Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt

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The ancients did not agree on the attributes of Serapis. A passage in Tacitus affirms that many recognized in this god, Aesculapius, imputing healing to his intervention; some thought him identical with Osiris, the oldest deity of the Egyptians; others regarded him as Jupiter, possessing universal power; but by most he was believed to be the same as Pluto, the "gloomy" Dis Pater of the infernal regions. On this coin, Pluto's influence is evident with the fearsome Kerberos at Serapis' feet.
RX76581. Billon tetradrachm, Kampmann 32.571, Geissen 1094, Dattari 1479, Milne 1399, Emmett 892, BMC Alexandria 623, SRCV II 6739 var. (date), aF, well centered, grainy and porous, weight 10.343 g, maximum diameter 13.74 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 133 - 28 Aug 134 A.D.; obverse AYT KAIC TPAIAN A∆PIANOC CEB, laureate and draped bust right, from behind; reverse Serapis seated left, reaching with right to Cerberus at feet left, long scepter vertical in right, LI - H (regnal year 18) across fields; $100.00 SALE PRICE $90.00


Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt

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The ancients did not agree on the attributes of Serapis. A passage in Tacitus affirms that many recognized in this god, Aesculapius, imputing healing to his intervention; some thought him identical with Osiris, the oldest deity of the Egyptians; others regarded him as Jupiter, possessing universal power; but by most he was believed to be the same as Pluto, the "gloomy" Dis Pater of the infernal regions. On this coin, Pluto's influence is evident with the fearsome Kerberos at Serapis' feet.
RX57438. Billon tetradrachm, Kampmann 32.456; Geissen 983; Dattari 1475; Milne 1255; Curtis 515; SNG Cop 342; BMC Alexandria p. 74, 615; Emmett 892, aVF, high relief bust, weight 12.516 g, maximum diameter 24.7 mm, die axis 345o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 127 - 28 Aug 128 A.D.; obverse AYT KAI TPAI A∆PIA CEB, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse L ∆W∆E−KAT (year 12), Serapis enthroned left, right leg foward, feet on footstool, reaching with right to Cerberus at feet left, long scepter vertical behind in left; SOLD







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Catalog current as of Saturday, April 22, 2017.
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Hades or Pluto