, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D.
Augustus' sun sign was Libra. We don't know why he selected the Capricorn as his emblem. Perhaps Capricorn was either his rising sign or his Moon sign. Popular astrology, of the newspaper kind, is sun sign astrology. The ancients tended to attach more importance to the Moon sign and rising signs. Perhaps selected the Capricorn because it is associated with stern moral authority.SH84736. Silver , 1271 (same dies, attributed to auxiliary workshop, ), 126 (R2), 21, 346, 145, 1592, aMS, nearly as struck, mint luster, and bold strike, a few light marks, die wear, 3.809 g, maximum 19.7 mm, 180o, uncertain Spanish ( ?) mint, 16 B.C.; right, dot , ; capricorn right, filleted overflowing with grain and fruit on its back, celestial globe and rudder with tiller held between hooves, below; from the Marcelo Leal Collection; ; $3150.00 (€2803.50)
, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D., ,
Located near Lampsacus, belonged to the Delian League. In the Hellenistic period, it was in the domain of and then the Attalid dynasty. refounded it as a within the province of . After was divided in the 4th century, it was in the province of Hellespontus.RP70938. Bronze AE 21, 304; 1343; p. 108, 116, VF, perfect centering, struck with a damaged die, 4.774 g, maximum 20.7 mm, 180o, (Kemer, Canakkale, Turkey) mint, IMP VALERIANVS , ,draped and right; Capricorn swimming right, holding celestial globe between legs, on back, C G I H P ( Gemella Iulia Hadriana Pariana) below; ex Russian Coins; $330.00 (€293.70)
Kingdom of , Rhoemetalkes I, c. 11 B.C. - 12 A.D.
When the Cotys VII, of , died about 48 B.C. Rhoemetalces I became the guardian of his nephew Rhescuporis I, his brother's young son and heir. In 13 B.C., Rhescuporis I was defeated and slain in battle by Vologases, chief of the Thracian Bessi, who was leading a revolt against . As Rhescuporis I had left no heir, Rhoemetalces became . An ally of , the Roman Historian described Rhoemetalces as attractive and civilized. After his death, divided his realm, half for his son Cotys and the other half for Rhoemetalces' brother Rhescuporis II. states that Cotys received the cultivated parts, most towns and most Greek cities of , while Rhescuporis received the wild and savage portion with enemies on its frontier.RP72883. Bronze AE 15, 159, 1707, -, -, -, VF, 1.999 g, maximum 14.6 mm, 225o, c. 11 B.C. - 12 A.D.; K ΣEBAΣTOY, capricorn right, globe upper right between legs; POIMH, advancing right, raising in extended right, grounded frond before her in left; ; $200.00 (€178.00)
, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D., ,
Founded in 709 B.C., the ancient city of Parion was a major coastal city, near Lampsacus, with two harbors used to connect with Anatolia. belonged to the Delian League. In the Hellenistic period, it came under the domain of , and subsequently the Attalid dynasty. refounded it as a in the province of . It was the main customs station through which all goods bound for from and the Aegean had to pass. When this coin was minted, was within the Conventus of Adramyteum. After was divided in the 4th century, was in the province of Hellespontus. Today it is the village of Kemer in the township of , Canakkale province, Turkey.RP84683. Bronze AE 24, RPC IV online 3152 (4 spec.); 1944.100.43132; p. 105, 103 var. (no globe); -; -; -; -, F, , attractive brassy surfaces, marks, small edge crack, , 9.952 g, maximum 23.6 mm, 180o, (Kemer, Canakkale, Turkey) mint, c. 178 - 180, probably 180; IMP CAI Λ AV - COMODVS, laureate, draped and right, with a short beard, from behind; Capricorn swimming right, holding celestial globe between hooves, on back, C G I H PAR ( Gemella Iulia Hadriana Pariana) below; very ; $170.00 (€151.30)
Kingdom of Commagene, and Callinicus, 72 A.D.
In 72 A.D., only two years after Antiochus IV, of Commagene, sent troops, commanded by his son , to aid in the siege of Jerusalem, he was accused by the governor of of conspiring with against . After a reign of thirty-four years from his first appointment by , Antiochus was deprived of his kingdom. He retired first to Sparta, and then to , where he passed the remainder of his life and was treated with great respect. Antiochus' sons, and Callinicus briefly ruled the kingdom but after an encounter with Roman troops, fled to . They later joined their father in .SH90336. Bronze AE 21, 3861; p. 110, 1 ff.; 3440; 5515, F, 7.954 g, maximum 21.2 mm, 45o, Samosata (Samsat, Turkey) mint, 72 A.D.; and Callinicus riding left on horseback, each wearing , BACIΛEΩC / YIOI in ; KOMMAΓHNΩN, Capricorn right, above, flukes left below, all within laurel , of dots; ex John Jencek; $160.00 (€142.40)
, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., ,
Founded in 709 B.C., the ancient city of Parion was a major coastal city, near Lampsacus, with two harbors used to connect with Anatolia. belonged to the Delian League. In the Hellenistic period, it came under the domain of , and subsequently the Attalid dynasty. refounded it as a in the province of . It was the main customs station through which all goods bound for from and the Aegean had to pass. When this coin was minted, was within the Conventus of Adramyteum. After was divided in the 4th century, was in the province of Hellespontus. Today it is the village of Kemer in the township of , Canakkale province, Turkey.RP84686. Bronze AE 22, 1494, 296 var. ( ), -, -, -, -, -, VF, porous, , 6.182 g, maximum 22.1 mm, 0o, (Kemer, Canakkale, Turkey) mint, c. 178 - 180, probably 180; ANTONINVS AV, laureate, draped and right, beardless, from behind; Capricorn swimming right, holding celestial globe between hooves, on back, C G I H P ( Gemella Iulia Hadriana Pariana) below; $140.00 (€124.60)
, Augusta, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Zeugma, Commagene,
A is a temple with four columns. A is a court enclosed by a wall, especially one surrounding an ancient Greek or Roman temple.GB90700. Bronze AE 29, p. 128, 34; 31b; 435 var. (capricorn right); 4056 var. (same); -, VF, perfect centering, 18.168 g, maximum 28.8 mm, 180o, Zeugma mint, Feb 244 - end Sep 249 A.D.; MAP ΩTAKIΛ CEOYHPAN CEB, draped right, wearing , crescent behind shoulders; ZEYΓM−ATEΩN, with enclosing the sacred of trees, statue of seated Zeus within temple, capricorn left in ; $110.00 (€97.90)
, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D., Nicaea,
Nicaea remained an important town throughout the imperial period. Although only 70 km (43 miles) from Constantinople, Nicaea did not lose its importance when Constantinople became the capital of the Eastern Empire. The city suffered from earthquakes in 358, 362 and 368; after the last of which, it was by . During the Middle Ages, it was a long time bulwark of the emperors against the Turks.RP84693. Bronze AE 20, II.3 p. 489, 715; V 870; cf. p. 17, 119 (eagles vice capricorns); 653 (1 , 2 standards), VF, nice green , , 20.4 g, maximum 3.538 mm, 180o, Nicaea (Iznik, Turkey) mint, 238 - 244 A.D.; M ANT ΓOP∆IANOC AVΓ, , draped, and right; N-I-K-A-I/EΩN, four standards, two center standards topped with capricorns, two outer standards topped with wreaths; $90.00 (€80.10)
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