Persian Empire, , Cyrus - Darios I, c. 546 - 520 B.C., Kroiseid
The Lydian Croesus minted the first silver and gold coins. He was famous for his extraordinary wealth, but after his defeat by Cyrus about 546 B.C. became a Persian satrapy. The Persian conquerors of continued to strike the same Croesus' coin types. This coin is a later example issued under . We can tell because under Croesus the and the bull were struck separately, with one punch at a time. Later examples, such as this coin, were struck with only one die with both , and only one die, simulating two square punches.GS84246. Silver (half-stater), 456; 2877; 1025; p. 7, 45; I 409; 3424, gVF, light bumps and marks, tiny edge crack, 5.303 g, maximum 15.1 mm, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, c. 546 - 520 B.C.; on the left, forepart of a roaring right, , on the right, the forepart of a bull left, struck with a single die; two squares, of unequal size, side by side; $580.00 (€516.20)
, , Agathokles, 317 - 289 B.C.
With an army of mercenaries, through deceit, and after banishing or murdering some 10,000 citizens, Agathocles made himself master of and later most of . Machiavelli wrote of him, "It cannot be called prowess to kill fellow-citizens, to betray friends, to be treacherous, pitiless, and irreligious" and cited him as an example of "those who by their crimes come to be princes." According to the historian Justin, very early in life Agathocles parlayed his remarkable beauty into a career as a prostitute, first for men, and later, after puberty, for women, and then made a living by robbery before becoming a soldier and marrying a rich widow.GI76945. Bronze , II p. 287, 150 Ds 14 Rs 63; p. 196, 391; 740; 767; 1465 var. (R1, 4th Democracy, different controls), aEF, dark sea-green , light marks, small spots of light corrosion, with ragged edge splits, 8.501 g, maximum 26.1 mm, 315o, mint, 305 - 295 B.C.; ΣYPAKOΣIΩN, of young Herakles left, wearing , (control symbol) behind neck; walking right, right foreleg raised, club right above, arrow right (control symbol) in ; $300.00 (€267.00)
, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D.
This indicates Severus granted a special favor to . The water may indicate that he improved the water supply, possibly construction of an aqueduct.RS79924. Silver , 130a; 97; p. 208, 280; 38; 6806, VF, nice youth portrait, excellent centering, edge cracks, 3.228 g, maximum 19.6 mm, 0o, Rome mint, 201 - 206 A.D.; ANTONINVS AVG, laureate and draped right, from behind; INDVLGENTIA IN CARTH, Dea Caelestis riding right over water gushing from rock, thunderbolt in right hand, in left hand; $225.00 (€200.25)
Rhegion, , Italy, c. 415 - 387 B.C.
Rhegion reached great artistic and cultural heights. It was home to academies, such as the Pythagorean School, and to well-known poets, historians and sculptors such Ibycus, Ippy, and Pythagoras. It was an important ally of the Roman Republic. Rhegium flourished during the Imperial Age but was devastated by several major earthquakes and tsunami. St. Paul passed through Rhegium on his final voyage to Rome (Acts XXVIII:13).GS79976. Silver , 1936; 70; 1588; 536; 2495; p. 376, 30, VF, , nice , uneven , light corrosion, 0.722 g, maximum 10.2 mm, 90o, Rhegion mint, c. 415 - 387 B.C.; facing scalp mask; olive sprig with two olives, PH between the leaves; $180.00 (€160.20)
, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.
Severus was born in (Khoms, ) in the Roman province of . This was struck to commemorate the emperor's visit to his native in 207. See on .RS79618. Silver , 207 (S); 493; p. 263, 531; 6341, aEF, slightly off-center, 3.395 g, maximum 19.4 mm, Rome mint, 207 A.D.; SEVERVS AVG, laureate right; XV P P, standing half right, wearing skin headdress, with right holding out drapery with fruits in the fold, at her feet right; ; $160.00 (€142.40)
Persian Empire, , , Ba'Alshillem II, c. 401 - 366 B.C.
, named for the "first-born" of Canaan, the grandson of Noah (Genesis 10:15, 19), is frequently referred to by the prophets (Isaiah 23:2, 4, 12; Jeremiah 25:22; 27:3; 47:4; Ezekiel 27:8; 28:21, 22; 32:30; Joel 3:4). The Sidonians long oppressed Israel (Judges 10:12) but Solomon entered into a matrimonial with them, and thus their form of idolatrous worship found a place in the land of Israel (1 Kings 11:1, 33). Jesus visited the "coasts" of Tyre and (Matthew 15:21; Mark 7:24) where many came to hear him preach (Mark 3:8; Luke 6:17). After leaving , Paul's ship put in at , before finally sailing for Rome (Acts 27:3, 4).GS70326. Silver 1/16 , 851 ff.; Hoover 10 240; 27 (Abd'astart, Straton I); p 146, 36 (same); 197 ff. (same), VF, , tiny edge cuts, banker's mark, , bumps and marks, 0.648 g, maximum 9.5 mm, 90o, (Saida, Lebanon) mint, c. 371 - 370 B.C.; war galley left, Phoenician letter beth above, banker's mark or above galley; of (to left) standing right, slaying erect to right, Phoenician letter ayin between them; $160.00 (€142.40)
of , Reign of , 238 - 244 A.D., Alexander and Bucephalus
Plutarch tells the story of how, in 344 B.C. Philonicus the Thessalian, a horse dealer, offered a massive wild stallion to Alexander's father, . Since no one could tame the animal, Philip was not interested. Alexander, however, seeing that the horse was afraid of his own shadow, promised to pay for the horse himself should he fail to tame it. He was given a chance and surprised all by subduing it. Alexander spoke soothingly to the horse and turned it towards the sun so that it could no longer see its shadow. Eventually Bucephalus allowed Alexander to ride him. Embarrassed, Philip commented "O my son, look thee out a kingdom equal to and worthy of thyself, for is too little for thee." Alexander named the horse Bucephalus because the horse's seemed "as broad as a bull's." Bucephalus died of battle wounds in 326 B.C., in Alexander's last battle. Alexander founded the city of Bucephala (thought to be the modern town of Jhelum, Pakistan) in memory of his wonderful horse.SH65202. Bronze AE 26, 724; cf p. 22, 102 (one neokorie); -; -; -; -; -, F, 10.822 g, maximum 25.2 mm, 180o, , Beroea(?) mint, 238 - 244 A.D.; AΛEΞAN∆POY, of Alexander the Great right, as Herakles, clad in scalp headdress; MAKE∆ONΩN B NEΩ, Alexander galloping left on his horse Bucephalus, about to spear a leaping left below; ; $155.00 (€137.95)
Kingdom of , , 305 - 281 B.C., Struck in the Name of Alexander the Great
Colophon struck this commemorative in the name of Alexander the Great under the rule of . The city also issued the same with the same in the name of (examples are listed in Forum's catalog). Colophon was about 15 miles (24 km) northwest of .GS76133. Silver , 1843, -, -, -, -, VF, , , scratches, struck with a worn die, 4.163 g, maximum 17.9 mm, 0o, , Kolophon (near Degirmendere Fev, Turkey) mint, c. 301 - 297 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus seated left on throne without back, nude to waist, around hips and legs, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, right leg drawn back, crescent horns right over lion-forepart left in left , pentagram under throne; $155.00 (€137.95)
Persian Achaeminid Empire, Carian Satrapy, Hekatomnos, c. 392 - 377 B.C.
was a native of Mylasa, which he made his capital and the seat of his government. His coins often depict Zeus Labrandenos from the celebrated temple of that name near Mylasa. The Persian emperor appointed to command naval forces in the war against Evagoras of , but he not only took no in support of the Emperor, but secretly supplied Evagoras with money for mercenaries. The disorganized Persian monarchy took no action against and he continued to rule until his death. He left three sons, , Idrieus and Pixodarus - all of whom - in their turn, succeeded him in the sovereignty.GS76809. Silver tetartemorion, 2c, 848 ff., 837 ff., 3312 ff., 507, II -, -, gVF, of flat strike on male , , 0.172 g, maximum 5.9 mm, 0o, Mylasa (Milas, Turkey) mint, c. 390 - 380 B.C.; forepart of right, turned back left, tongue protruding; male ( ?) facing slightly left, with long hair, no inscriptions or , all within a round ; $155.00 (€137.95)
Kingdom of , , 305 - 281 B.C.
, a bodyguard for Alexander the Great, was made a (general) after Alexander's death. He became one of the (successors) of Alexander who divided the empire and continually allied and warred with each other. In 305, he took the title of ( ), ruling , and . He was killed in battle against Seleukos.
Colophon was about 15 miles (24 km) northwest of . The same with the same was also issued by Colophon in the name of Alexander (examples are listed in Forum's catalog).GS84602. Silver , L23, 123, L19, 6812, gF, , , 4.000 g, maximum 17.7 mm, 0o, , Kolophon (near Degirmendere Fev, Turkey) mint, c. 299 - c. 296 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY, Zeus enthroned left, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, right leg drawn back, forepart and crescent left, pentagram under throne; from the Woolslayer Collection, ex (2004); $155.00 (€137.95)
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