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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Themes & Provenance ▸ Gods, Olympians ▸ Hephaestus or VulcanView Options:  |  |  | 

Hephaestus or Vulcan

Blacksmith to the Gods; god of fire and the forge. Son of Zeus and Hera or, according to some traditions, of Hera alone.


Malaka, Iberia, c. 250 - 200 B.C.

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Malaka (today Málaga in Andalusia, Spain) was founded by Phoenicians from Tyre, c. 770 B.C. The name was likely derived from the Phoenician word for salt referring to salting of fish near the harbor. Malaka came under Carthaginian and then Roman rule. Malaca (the city's Latin name) flourished under Roman rule. A Roman theater was constructed. Malaca fell to the Visigoths but was recovered by Byzantine Empire 550 - 621.
GB71892. Bronze half unit, Villaronga-Benages 794 (R9), SNG BM Spain 385, Villaronga CNH 101/16, aVF, corrosion, pitting, weight 3.541 g, maximum diameter 17.4 mm, die axis 0o, Malaka mint, c. 250 - 200 B.C.; obverse head of Vulcan right, wearing conical cap, tongs and neo-punic 'mlk' behind; reverse tetrastyle temple, statue in center, pellet in pediment; rare; $105.00 (€89.25)
 


Malaka, Punic Iberia, 175 - 91 B.C.

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Phoenicians from Tyre founded Malaka (Málaga, Spain today) about 770 B.C. The name was probably derived from the Phoenician word for "salt" because fish was salted near the harbor. After a period of Carthaginian rule, Malaka became part of the Roman Empire. The Roman city enjoyed remarkable development under a special law, the Lex Flavia Malacitana. A Roman theater was built at this time. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, it was ruled first by the Visigoths and then the Byzantine Empire (550–621). It was regained by the Visigoths in 621 and ruled by them until the Umayyad Muslim conquest in 711.
RP84866. Bronze AE 28, Villaronga-Benages 786, Burgos 1727, Villaronga CNH 9, SNG Lorichs 93, SNG BM Spain 357, aVF, double struck, encrustations, corrosion, ragged edge, weight 13.180 g, maximum diameter 28.4 mm, die axis 90o, Malaka (Málaga, Spain) mint, 175/150 - 100/91 B.C.; obverse head of Vulcan right, bearded and wearing conical cap, tongs behind, neo-Punic inscription MLK outer left, all within laurel wreath; reverse radiate bust of Helios facing; ex Pegasi Numismatics ($175); $90.00 (€76.50)
 


Valerian I, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D.

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Vulcan is the Roman god of fire, including the fire of volcanoes. Vulcan is often depicted with a blacksmith's hammer. The festival of Vulcan, the Vulcanalia was celebrated on 23 August each year, when the summer heat placed crops and granaries at the greatest risk of burning. The Romans identified Vulcan with the Greek smith-god Hephaestus, and he became associated like his Greek counterpart with the constructive use of fire in metalworking.
RS64696. Silver antoninianus, Göbl MIR 884d, RIC V 5, Hunter IV 56, SRCV V 9934, RSC IV 50d var. (no cuirass), VF, toned, irregular oval flan, struck with a worn reverse die, weight 2.606 g, maximum diameter 23.8 mm, die axis 0o, Colonia Agrippina (Cologne) mint, 2nd emission, 258 - 259 A.D.; obverse VALERIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse DEO VOLKANO, Vulcan standing left within hexastyle temple, hammer raised in right hand, tongs downward in left, anvil on ground at feet left; scarce; $50.00 (€42.50)
 


Valerian I, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D.

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Vulcan is the Roman god of fire, including the fire of volcanoes. Vulcan is often depicted with a blacksmith's hammer. The festival of Vulcan, the Vulcanalia was celebrated on 23 August each year, when the summer heat placed crops and granaries at the greatest risk of burning. The Romans identified Vulcan with the Greek smith-god Hephaestus, and he became associated like his Greek counterpart with the constructive use of fire in metalworking.
RS90059. Silver antoninianus, Göbl MIR 884d, RIC V 5, Hunter IV 56, SRCV V 9934, RSC IV 50d var. (no cuirass), aF, tight oval flan, struck with worn dies, weight 2.736 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, die axis 0o, Colonia Agrippina (Cologne) mint, 2nd emission, 258 - 259 A.D.; obverse VALERIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse DEO VOLKANO, Vulcan standing left within hexastyle temple, hammer raised in right hand, tongs downward in left; scarce; $27.00 (€22.95)
 







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Catalog current as of Saturday, November 18, 2017.
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Hephaestus or Vulcan