, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D.
considered himself an artist, perhaps he was and took an interest in his coinage - the of are considered by many to be the finest numismatic art of the Roman Empire.RB84073. , 443 (S), 428, 119, 83, 262, -, -, -, VF, , excellent portrait, attractive brown , slightly off center, some light corrosion, 25.990 g, maximum 35.0 mm, 180o, mint, 65 A.D.; AVG GER IMP P P, laureate left, globe at point of neck; seated left on and shields, wearing helmet and military garb, in offering in her right hand, her left hand resting on at side, right foot drawn back and resting on helmet, flanking across at center, in ; $1450.00 (€1290.50)
, 11 April 217 - 8 June 218 A.D.
was Praetorian Prefect for but arranged Caracalla's assassination and seized power. He and his son were accepted by the senate. The Syrian legions, inspired by , Caracalla's aunt, revolted after he concluded an unfavorable peace with the Persians. He was defeated and executed.SL84525. , 139 (S), 120 var. (also draped, noted), 66 71, 7386, -, , strike 5/5, surface 5/5 (4373010-005), lovely mahogany tone with lighter tones on the high points, 20.5 g, maximum 31 mm, 15o, Rome mint, 11 Apr 217 - 31 Dec 217 A.D.; M SEV MACRINVS AVG, laureate and right, from the front; TR P COS P P, standing facing, left, long in right hand, in left hand, drapery over left arm, flanking across below center; NGC Certified, ex Stacks-Bowers; $990.00 (€881.10)
Eryx, , c. 344 - 339 B.C.
Eryx was founded by Elymians on the summit of a mountain in northwest , about 10 km from Drepana (modern Trapani), and 3 km from the sea-coast, at the site of modern Erice. The Elymians maintained friendly relations and alliances with and came into frequent conflict with the Greeks. In 397 B.C., however, Eryx joined Dionysius I of . It was speedily recovered by Himilco the following year. It again fell into the of Dionysius shortly before his death in 367 B.C., but was soon recovered by the Carthaginians, and probably was subject to their rule until the expedition of Pyrrhus in 278 B.C.GS84640. Silver , 47; I pl. 24, 24; 1348; 1894; 630; 324 (????) (male head/man-faced bull); -, VF, , , slightly off center, 0.567 g, maximum 10.1 mm, 270o, Eryx (Erice, ) mint, Punic rule, c. 344 - 339 B.C.; of nymph left, hair in a bun at the crown, wearing triple-pendant earring and necklace; bull standing left, Punic "RK" above; from the Nicholas Molinari Collection; very ; $850.00 (€756.50)
, 3 April 68 - 15 January 69 A.D.
The liberatis was a soft felt cap worn by liberated slaves of Troy and . In late Republican Rome, the was symbolically given to slaves upon manumission, granting them not only their personal liberty, but also freedom as citizens with the right to vote (if male). Following the assassination of in 44 B.C., and his co-conspirators used the to signify the end of Caesar's dictatorship and a return to a Republican system of government. The was adopted as a popular symbol of freedom during the French Revolution and was also depicted on some early U.S. coins.SH84074. , 388 (S), 70, 112, I 54, 2118 var. (laureate right), 23 var. (same), aVF, excellent portrait, attractive dark sea-green , shallow old cuts on the , areas of corrosion, 23.372 g, maximum 35.8 mm, 180o, Rome mint, c. Oct 68 A.D; SER IMP , laureate and draped right; (freedom of the people), Liberty standing half left, liberatis in right hand, rod in left hand and cradled in left arm, ( ) flanking across at center; ; $640.00 (€569.60)
, August 253 - September 268 A.D.
is the personification of valor and courage. Valor was, of course, essential for the success of a Roman emperor and was one of the embodiments of virtues that were of the Imperial cult. During his joint reign with his father, proved his courage in battle; but his failure to liberate his father from Persian captivity was perceived as cowardice and a disgrace to the Emperor and Empire. It was not, however, actually fear that prevented a rescue. While others mourned Valerian's fate, rejoiced in his new sovereignty.RB76153. , 38dd, 248, 1293, 33, 10495, Nice gVF, excellent portrait, green , cutting off much , 10.962 g, maximum 25.3 mm, 0o, Rome mint, 253 - 255 A.D.; IMP C GALLIENVS AVG, laureate and right; (valor of the two emperors), standing left, wearing crested helmet and military garb, right resting hand on grounded , inverted spear vertical behind in left, flanking across ; $630.00 (€560.70)
, Augusta 128 - c. 136 A.D., Wife of
Pudicitia, modesty and chastity, was for Romans the highest regarded female virtue. For an unmarried girl, pudicitia meant virginity. For a wife, it meant faithfulness and devotion to her husband. Romans loved the story of , an ultimate example of Roman pudicitia. When the emperor ordered her husband Paetus to end his own life, he hesitated. took his dagger and stabbed herself to set an example, saying, "Paetus, it doesn't hurt."SH73695. Bronze , 1032(c) (S), 32, 61, 1877 var. (diadem vice ), 3937, aVF, excellent portrait, , green , marks and scratches, some corrosion, 23.691 g, maximum 33.1 mm, 180o, Rome mint, c. 135 A.D.; HADRIANI , draped right, wearing of grain, hair in long plait falling down back of neck and above in front; , Pudicitia seated left on high-backed throne, veiled and draped, feet on footstool, right hand on breast (raising to lips), left hand in lap, S C ( ) in ; old anonymous dealer or collector tag in Italian; ; $600.00 (€534.00)
, June or July 251 - April or August 253 A.D.
This commemorates Trebonianus Gallus' decennalian vows, prayers and sacrifices he made to the gods that they might him successfully achieve his tenth of rule. In a religious context, , plural , is a vow or promise made to a deity. The word from the past participle of voveo, vovere; as the result of the verbal action, a vow, or promise. It may refer also to the fulfillment of this vow, that is, the thing promised. The is thus an aspect of the contractual nature of Roman religion and sacrifice, a bargaining expressed by "do ut des" (I give that you might give).RB76162. , RIC 127a (R), 137 (10 fr.), 29, 38, 9683, VF, nice portrait, nice , on a , 17.910 g, maximum 28.0 mm, 180o, Rome mint, special emission, August - October 251 A.D.; C VIBIVS TREBONIANVS GALLVS AVG, laureate, draped, and right, from behind; / DECENNA / LIBVS / S C in four lines within laurel tied at the bottom and closed with a jewel at the top; rarities; $600.00 (€534.00)
, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D.
In late summer or fall of 161, Vologases IV of captured the Roman client Kingdom of , expelled its and installed his own; Pacorus, an Arsacid like himself. In 162, began the war to recover and exact vengence. Rome recovered the Armenian capital Artaxata in 163. At the end of 163, took the title Armeniacus, despite having never personally seen combat. initially declined to accept the title, but accepted it in 164. Unfortunately the victorious army returned bringing a pandemic known as the Antonine Plague, which significantly depopulated and greatly weakened the Roman Empire.RB83578. , 1092; 890 ( & r.), 984 (same), 95, III 464, 5013, -, VF, on a , green , light scrape on high point, some corrosion, 23.68 g, maximum 31.6 mm, 0o, Rome mint, Dec 164 - Aug 165 A.D.; M AVREL ANTONINVS AVG ARMENIACVS P M, laureate right; TR P XVIII , standing half right, transverse upward to right in both , mourning Armenian captive at feet on right, captive seated right with propped on right hand and left hand on ground, flanking low across ; $580.00 (€516.20)
, , Timoleon, 344 - 336 B.C.
Threatened by and dominated by Hiketas, the tyrant of Leontini, Syracusans sent an appeal for to their mother city, Corinth. By a unanimous vote Corinth selected Timoleon to set sail for with a few leading citizens of Corinth and a small troop of Greek mercenaries. After defeating Hiketas, Timoleon put order to Syracuse' affairs and established a democratic government. He repelled in several wars, ending with a treaty which divided the island. Timoleon then retired without any title or office, though he remained practically supreme. He became blind before his death, but when important issues were under discussion he was carried to the assembly to give his opinion, which was usually accepted. When he died the citizens of erected a monument to his memory, afterward surrounded with porticoes, and a gymnasium called Timoleonteum.GI83514. Bronze , II p. 168, 72 st3/7; 477 ff.; 727; 1440 (S), VF, green , edges earthen encrusted, double struck, 15.872 g, maximum 24.4 mm, 90o, mint, c. 342 - 338 B.C.; ZEYΣ EΛEYΘEPTOΣ, laureate of Zeus Eleutherios right; ΣYPAKOΣIΩN, thunderbolt, on right standing right with wings closed; $500.00 (€445.00)
, Augusta 146 - Winter 175/176 A.D., Wife of
(Aphrodite) can be faulted for the Trojan War. Upset that she was not invited to a wedding, she went anyway and maliciously left a golden inscribed "For the fairest" on the banquet table. The goddesses, as Aphrodite expected, argued who was the rightful possessor of this prize. It was determined the most handsome mortal in the world, a noble Trojan youth named , would decide. Each of the three finalists offered a bribe. promised he would rule the world. said she would make him victorious in battle. Aphrodite guaranteed the love of the most beautiful woman in the world. This was Helen, who was married to the of Sparta. awarded the golden to Aphrodite. Aphrodite enabled to elope with Helen, Helen of Troy. Helen's husband raised a Greek army to retrieve his wife, starting the Trojan War.SH73705. , AP1388b; AP2147; p. 300, 30; 268; 4720, VF, nice , , , 24.039 g, maximum 35.1 mm, 180o, Rome mint, struck under , 148 - 152 A.D.; FAVSTINAE AVG , draped right with bare, hair waived and coiled tied with double band of pearls on back of ; , standing half left, in right hand, grounded rudder in left hand, coiled around rudder, low across ; $490.00 (€436.10)
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