, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D.
Augustus' sun sign was Libra. We don't know why he selected the Capricorn as his emblem. Perhaps Capricorn was either his rising sign or his Moon sign. Popular astrology, of the newspaper kind, is sun sign astrology. The ancients tended to attach more importance to the Moon sign and rising signs. Perhaps selected the Capricorn because it is associated with stern moral authority.SH84736. Silver , 1271 (same dies, attributed to auxiliary workshop, ), 126 (R2), 21, 346, 145, 1592, aMS, nearly as struck, mint luster, and bold strike, a few light marks, die wear, 3.809 g, maximum 19.7 mm, 180o, uncertain Spanish ( ?) mint, 16 B.C.; right, dot , ; capricorn right, filleted overflowing with grain and fruit on its back, celestial globe and rudder with tiller held between hooves, below; from the Marcelo Leal Collection; ; $3150.00 (€2803.50)
, , Hieron II, 275 - 215 B.C., Portrait of Queen Philistis
Hieron II placed his wife and son on coins during his long reign. Those of Queen Philistis are eagerly sought after by collectors.SH84601. Silver 5 litrae, 221 (D2/R2), 893, 1546, 827, 959, 2918, 1708, 1557 (R2) (all from the same dies), aEF/gVF, , light marks, 4.441 g, maximum 18.0 mm, 180o, mint, c. 218 - 215 B.C.; veiled and diademed of Queen Philistis left, frond behind; galloping left, holding reins with both , E• in front of horses' legs, BAΣIΛIΣΣAΣ above, ΦIΛIΣTI∆OΣ ; from the Woolslayer Collection; Numismatica Ars Classica auction 27 (12 May 2004), lot 129; ex A.D.M. Collection; ex Collection, 1929 sale, lot 213; ; $3000.00 (€2670.00)
, c. 600 - 550 B.C.
As reported by B.V. in Chapter 5 of Excavations at : The Archaic Artemisia, a coin of this was one of five coins found in excavations underneath the foundations of the southern wall of the B cella of the Artemisia at . The other four coins were and paw types. wrote these coins must have been deposited during construction of the First Temple (A). 145 is the coin found at the Artemisia (= 79), now at the Arkeoloji Müzesi, Istanbul. The coins appear to be struck with the same die.SH84450. 1/24 , Milesian ; 145 - 146; p. 86 and pl. 2, 79; cf. 1781 (different ); 287 (same); 717 (same), gVF, centered, edge cracks, some die rust (also found on other examples of this ), 0.579 g, maximum 6.2 mm, uncertain mint, c. 600 - 550 B.C.; bridled and neck of Pegasos left, with top edge of wing visible; four raised squares in a pattern within square punch; very ; $1800.00 (€1602.00)
, and , October 49 - 15 March 44 B.C.
This was the first coin issued in Caesar's name. It was minted after his invasion of Italy and crossing of the Rubicon on 10 January 49 B.C. until his defeat of Pompey at . The symbolism on the appears to be the triumph of over evil. The refers to Caesar's office of (high priest of Rome).
SH84764. Silver , 443/1, 1006, 49, 9, Gaul 27, 1557, 1399, near , light on luster, broad , , 1/5 off center, 3.834 g, maximum 21.0 mm, 30o, military mint, traveling with , 49 B.C.; walking right trampling on a dragon or ( war trumpet) ornamented to look like a dragon, below; implements of the pontificate: (cup) or (ladle), ( ), (sacrificial ax), and (priest's hat); ex J. ; $1750.00 (€1557.50)
, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., ,
Mérida, Spain was founded by P. Carisius in 25 B.C., as Augusta, the name referring to the discharged soldiers who populated the city, by order of to protect a pass and a bridge over the Guadiana river. The city became an important city in the Roman empire and the capital of province. Mérida preserves more important ancient Roman monuments than any other city in Spain (including a triumphal arch of the age of ).SH84707. Silver , 9b, 398, 291, Spain 128, 1039, 124, 1627 var. ( right), gVF, full centering on a broad , mint luster, areas, die wear, small edge cracks, 3.775 g, maximum 21.8 mm, 90o, Augusta (Merida, Spain) mint, P. Carisius, c. 25 - 23 B.C.; IMP , left; P CARISIVS (P. Carisius Legatus [ ] pro Praetore), bird's-eye view of town with walls around, inscribed above gateway in front with three battlements over two arched entrances; from the Marcelo Leal Collection; $1600.00 (€1424.00)
, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D.
A legatus pro praetore (literally: "envoy of the emperor - acting praetor") was the official title of the governor of some imperial provinces of the Roman Empire during the Principate era, normally the larger ones or those where legions were based. Provinces were denoted imperial if their governor was selected by the emperor, in contrast to senatorial provinces, whose governors (called proconsuls) were elected by the Roman Senate.SH84735. Silver , 7b, 405, 282, Spain 115, 1048, -, -, Nice gVF, attractive portrait, bold strike, light with luster in recesses, of corrosion on edge 3:00 - 6:00, 3.758 g, maximum 18.9 mm, 315o, Augusta (Merida, Spain) mint, P. Carisius, c. 25 - 23 B.C.; IMP , left; P CARISIVS (P. Carisius Legatus [ ] pro Praetore), Celtiberian helmet decorated with and crest, short dagger pointing downward on left, (double-headed ax) slanting upward on right; this is the only example of this ever handled by , from the Marcelo Leal Collection; ; $1400.00 (€1246.00)
, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D.
considered himself an artist, perhaps he was and took an interest in his coinage - the of are considered by many to be the finest numismatic art of the Roman Empire.RB84073. , 443 (S), 428, 119, 83, 262, -, -, -, VF, , excellent portrait, attractive brown , slightly off center, some light corrosion, 25.990 g, maximum 35.0 mm, 180o, mint, 65 A.D.; AVG GER IMP P P, laureate left, globe at point of neck; seated left on and shields, wearing helmet and military garb, in offering in her right hand, her left hand resting on at side, right foot drawn back and resting on helmet, ( ) flanking across at center, in ; $1300.00 (€1157.00)
, Nicephorus I and Stauracius, December 803 - 25 July 811 A.D.
Nicephorus, the logothete (lord high treasurer) under Empress Irene, gained rule in a palace coup. At the Battle of Pliska, the Bulgarian , Krum, surprised and slew Nicephorus along with a large portion of the army. Krum is said to have made a drinking-cup of Nicephorus' skull. Stauracius escaped the battle to Constantinople but was mortally wounded. He surrendered his throne to his brother-in-law, retired to a monastery, and died soon after.SH83915. Gold , , 1, 2c.2; 8; 9; 1786; 238; 27.1; 1604, EF, lustrous, on a , 4.349 g, maximum 20.1 mm, 180o, 10th , Constantinople mint, 803 - 811 A.D.; hICI-FOROS bASILE', bearded facing of Nicephorus, wearing and with crown, on base in right hand, in left hand, no pellet left; STAVRA-CIS dESPO' X, unbearded facing of Stauracius, wearing and with crown, in right hand, in left hand; from the Robert Watcher Collection, ex Heritage CICF auction (Chicago, Apr 2013), lot 3024 ($940 plus fees); ; $1130.00 (€1005.70)
, c. 650 - 600 B.C., Rough Irregular "Typeless"
Some sales catalogs describe similar coins as the striated . The roughly parallel lines on the striated appear to be impressed into the "obverse" by lines cut into the anvil. On this coin, it appears the rough irregular "typeless" surface is simply flattened rough pre-strike features from the raw irregular nugget-like "planchet." Based on the apparent wear on the punch, huge numbers of this may have been struck. Very few have survived. This is the first example handled by .SH77378. 1/24 , cf. 7768, 682, I 14 -15, -, -, VF, 0.647 g, maximum 5.7 mm, uncertain mint, 650 - 600 B.C.; flattened rough irregular "typeless" surface; roughly square pyramidal punch with striated sides, divided roughly in half by a raised irregular line, striated sides and the irregular line appear to be the result of wear; very ; $1080.00 (€961.20)
, Philip III and Alexander IV, c. 320 - 317 B.C., In the Name of the Great
Struck under , regent of the Macedonian empire, 319 - 317 B.C. was a general under and Alexander the Great. Following the First War of the , he was governor in while Antipater tried to assert his regency over the whole empire. In 319 B.C., Antipater made his successor as regent, passing over his own son, Kassander. A civil war soon broke out between Kassander, supported by and Ptolemy and , allied with Eumenes. In 317 B.C., Kassander drove out of and took control of the mentally disabled Philip III Arrhidaeus and his wife Eurydice. fled to , where he joined Alexander's mother , his widow Roxana, and his infant son Alexander IV. Together and invaded . An army commanded by Philip III immediately defected and Philip and his wife Eurydice were murdered. Soon after, however, the tide turned, Kassander was victorious, was executed, and the boy Alexander IV, and his mother Roxana were captured (both would be killed in 310 B.C. to secure Kassander's rule). surrendered the regency to , but the empire was already forever divided. is last mentioned as being alive in 304 B.C. but may have lived into the early 3rd century B.C.
SL84531. Silver , 124, 560, issue J6, 1564 ff., 93 ff. 285, 510, -, NGC AU, strike 5/5, surface 3/5 (4166072-003), 17.11 g, maximum 25.5 mm, 30o, , Amphipolis mint, c. 318 - 317 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, throne without back, right leg forward (archaic lifetime ), in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, laurel branch left, Πo under throne; NGC certified (slabbed), from the Dr. Sam Mansourati Collection; $900.00 (€801.00)
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