Lead Seal, Sergios Mesopotamites, Late 11th - Early 12th Century
The first of the reads "Graphas sphragizo kai logous" - "I seal the writings and words of..." The last lines read the well-known family name "Mesopotamites," with eta for iota. The personal name is most likely Sergios, with the C missing from either logous or Sergios.
The Mesopotamitai were a prominent family in the late 12th and early 13th century. They originated either from Mesopotamos (in modern Albania) or some place called . Sergios was likely related to Constantine Mesopotamite, the de facto chief minister under emperors Isaac II Angelos and Alexius III Angelos (1193 - summer 1197) and the archbishop of (c. 1197 - 1227, but in exile 1204 - 1224, when the city was occupied by Latin ).
AS63897. Lead (tag seal), unpublished in references examined by ; -, -, -, -, gVF, high relief, attractive , 4.861 g, maximum 16.0 mm, 0o, facing of the Virgin , MP - OV across fields; ΓPA(phas) / CΦPAΓI(zo) / S ΛOΓOU(c) CE[P]/ΓIOTOU M[E]/COΠOTA/MHTOU (S abbreviates KAI and the OU's are ); $240.00 (Ä213.60)
I, 19 January 379 - 17 January 395 A.D.,
I, son of the famed general Count , was made by after the disastrous battle of Hadrianople. He repulsed a invasion and destroyed the forces of and . He reigned 36 years.AS65213. Lead (tag seal), Conical, uniface, with three draped facing busts; commonly attributed to I and his sons and , VF, 9.335 g, maximum 19.4 mm, $60.00 (Ä53.40)
Proto-Elamite (South-Western Iran), , 3000 - 2500 B.C.
The Elamites called their country Haltamti, but it is Elam in the Hebrew Bible, where they are called the offspring of Elam, eldest son of Shem (Genesis 10:22, Ezra 4:9). To the east of , Elam was of the early urbanization during the Chalcolithic period (Copper Age). Written records from around 3000 B.C. parallel Mesopotamian history. In the Old Elamite period (Middle Bronze Age), Elam consisted of kingdoms on the Iranian plateau, centered in Anshan, and from the mid-2nd millennium BC, it was centered in Susa in the Khuzestan lowlands. Its culture played a crucial role in the short lived Gutian Empire of the 22nd century B.C. During the Persian dynasty that succeeded Elam, the Elamite language remained among those in official use.AS48860.
; cf. Amiet 1028 - 1029, , carved black , drill and linear design with two and tree, 23 mm long, ex Sale, 5/99, #1329; SOLD
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