Eryx, , c. 344 - 339 B.C.
Eryx was founded by Elymians on the summit of a mountain in northwest , about 10 km from Drepana (modern Trapani), and 3 km from the sea-coast, at the site of modern Erice. The Elymians maintained friendly relations and alliances with and came into frequent conflict with the Greeks. In 397 B.C., however, Eryx joined Dionysius I of . It was speedily recovered by Himilco the following year. It again fell into the of Dionysius shortly before his death in 367 B.C., but was soon recovered by the Carthaginians, and probably was subject to their rule until the expedition of Pyrrhus in 278 B.C.GS84640. Silver , 47; I pl. 24, 24; 1348; 1894; 630; 324 (????) (male head/man-faced bull); -, VF, , , slightly off center, 0.567 g, maximum 10.1 mm, 270o, Eryx (Erice, ) mint, Punic rule, c. 344 - 339 B.C.; of nymph left, hair in a bun at the crown, wearing triple-pendant earring and necklace; bull standing left, Punic "RK" above; from the Nicholas Molinari Collection; very ; $850.00 (€756.50)
Thebes, Boiotia, , 405 - 395 B.C.
The largest city in , leader of the Boeotian confederacy, and rival of Athens, Thebes sided with during Xerxes' invasion in 480 B.C. Thebes ended Sparta's power at the Battle of Leuctra in 371. The Sacred Band of Thebes famously fell to at Chaeronea in 338. After a revolt in 335, Alexander the Great destroyed the city, except, according to tradition, the house of the poet .GS74435. Silver tetartemorion, 466; p. 77, 87; 294; 35; 37, VF, , 0.163 g, maximum 6.4 mm, Thebes mint, 405 - 395 B.C.; Boiotian ox-hide ; bunch of grapes on stem, Θ−E flanking above; ex ; $320.00 (€284.80)
Rhodes, Carian Islands, c. Mid 4th Century B.C.
This may be a fraction of the Pseudo-Rhodian "solar disk drachm" that suggests may be from Lampsakos under Memnon of Rhodes. Bronzes of a similar are now known.GS84169. Silver tetartemorion, Other than the two previous auction listings for this coin, apparently unpublished, VF, edge chip, 0.128 g, maximum 6.1 mm, 0o, Rhodes (or Lampsakos?) mint, c. mid 4th century B.C.; facing of , delicate linear ring around; rose bloom; ex CNG e-auction 377 (29 Jun 2016), lot 130; ex Numismatik Naumann Auction 39 (3 Jan 2016), lot 386; unique(?); $320.00 (€284.80)
Aspendos, , c. 490 - 450 B.C.
Aspendos is about 40 km east of Antalya, Turkey about 16 km inland on the Eurymedon River. In 546 B.C. it fell to . After a Persian defeat in 467, the city joined the Attic-Delos League. took it again in 411 B.C., Alexander in 333 B.C., and Rome in 190 B.C. Although often subject to powerful empires, the city usually retained substantial autonomy.GA84056. Silver , 392, -, -, -, -, -, -, -, VF, , etched surfaces, die crack, 0.626 g, maximum 8.3 mm, Aspendos mint, c. 490 - 450 B.C.; triskeles right, three pellets, one between each leg, quadripartite ; extremely ; $270.00 (€240.30)
, , , c. 440 - 375 B.C.
The name is in origin a Pelasgian (pre-Greek) word for "fortress." There were many ancient Greek cities with this name. The name of Thessalian is first recorded in connection with the aristocratic Aleuadai family. is thought to be where the famous Greek physician Hippocrates and the famous philosopher Gorgias of Leontini died.GS77554. Silver , 1120, Trait 690 and pl. CCXCVII 23, -, -, aVF, 0.893 g, maximum 12.3 mm, mint, c. 440 - 375 B.C.; a bull's hoof with bone, laying on a small round or with a dotted edge, all within an outer dotted boarder; diademed of Asklepios right, with long beard, drapery on his left shoulder, erect curving snake with right before him, ΛAPI upward behind; very ; $260.00 (€231.40)
Phaselis, , 500 - 466 B.C.
Partial . The was re-struck off-center over a of the , leaving two clear impressions.GA83588. Silver tetrobol, 4396, 1200 var. (ΦA above galley, Σ below), -, -, VF, , , die wear, die cracks, partial , 3.507 g, maximum 15.0 mm, 90o, Phaselis mint, 500 - 440 B.C.; prow of war galley right in the form of a boar's forepart, partial with letters ΦA visible on ; stern right, ΦAΣ above, all in square; ex Numismatics, e-sale 21 (31 Oct 2015), 368; $230.00 (€204.70)
Thraco-Macedonian Tribes, c. Mid 5th Century B.C.
Monkeys were kept as pets in antiquity. We know of only two ancient coin types depicting monkeys. One is this very , with the monkey squatting either left or right. The other is an hemihekte from Kyzikos, with fewer than five known specimens.CE84168. Silver tetartemorion, 67 var. (monkey left); cf, pl. 7, 13 (different , damaged die?), aEF, very tiny coin, a little off center, porous, 0.209 g, maximum 6.3 mm, uncertain mint, c. mid 5th century B.C.; monkey squatting right; round within square; ex Numismatik Naumann auction 39 (3 Jan 2016), lot 47; very ; $225.00 (€200.25)
Apollonia Pontika, , 450 - 400 B.C.
Apollonia Pontica was founded as Antheia by Greek from Miletus in the 7th century B.C. They soon changed its name to Apollonia after building a temple for . The temple contained a colossal statue of by Calamis, which was later taken to Rome and placed in the Capitol. The on the coinage is evidence of the importance of its trade.GS84182. Silver , p. 586, 41; 153; 454; 1655, VF, excellent , , edge crack, 3.136 g, maximum 14.4 mm, 270o, Apollonia Pontica (Sozopol, Bulgaria) mint, 450 - 400 B.C.; Attic (facing of ), wearing , normal human hair, snakes around; upside-down , crayfish left, A right; ex FORVM (2009); $220.00 (€195.80)
Olynthos, Chalkidian League, , 420 - 348 B.C.
In 432 B.C. Olynthos broke away from Athens and, with several other cities, formed the Chalkidian league. In 393, Amyntas III of temporally transferred territory to Olynthos when he was driven out of by Illyrians. When he was and the league did not return his lands, he appealed to Sparta. Akanthos and Apollonia, also appealed to Sparta, claiming league membership was not voluntary but enforced at the point of a sword. After a long war, in 379 these cities were made "autonomous" subject allies of Sparta. Weakened by the division, the league was destroyed by of Macedon in 348 B.C.SH64053. Silver tetrobol, group D, 38 (same dies); pl. 313, 10; -; -; -, VF, 2.043 g, maximum 14.8 mm, 0o, Olynthos mint, c. 420 - 348 B.C.; OΛYNΘ (counter-clockwise), laureate of left; XAΛKI∆EΩN, with eight strings, squared around, all within a shallow square; ; $215.00 (€191.35)
Persian Empire, Tarkumuwa (Datames), of & , c. 384 - 362 B.C., Tarsus,
Datames' enemies in Artaxerxes' court accused him, perhaps falsely, of intending to revolt against the Great . Secretly warned, he then did, in fact, revolt, c. 370 B.C. The revolt appeared to be leading to a breakup of the entire western half of the empire into autonomous states. His own son's desertion to Artaxerxes was, however, the beginning of the end, which came when Datames was assassinated, c. 362 B.C.GS84906. Silver , 25; 278; 81; series 1, pl. 3, 22, aEF, , tiny edge splits, 0.611 g, maximum 10.1 mm, 45o, Tarsos (Tarsus, Mersin, Turkey) mint, 378 - 372 B.C.; female right (Aphrodite?), wearing earring, necklace, and diadem; Aramaic right, helmeted male (Ares?) right; ex Numismatics e-sale 28 (2 Jul 2016), lot 231; $210.00 (€186.90)
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