, , Hieron II, 275 - 215 B.C., Portrait of Queen Philistis
Hieron II placed his wife and son on coins during his long reign. Those of Queen Philistis are eagerly sought after by collectors.SH84601. Silver 5 litrae,
, I Monophthalmus or II Gonatus, 306 - 270 B.C.
Unpublished in the references and not yet fully attributed, this is only the second specimen of this extremely and important known to . Both specimens were struck with the same die. & Mosch wrote of their specimen: "Troxell recorded a very issue of Alexandrine tetradrachms in the name of Gonatas (The Peloponnesian Alexanders, 17, 1971, 75-6, note 68), which through hoard evidence was conclusively proven to be struck at circa 272 (see R. W. , Gonatas and the Silver Coinages of Macedon circa 280-270 BC, 26, 1981, pp. 79-123, esp. p. 104). However, this unique has no controls that would explicitly tie it to the mint tetradrachms, and even more perplexing is the of the engraving, which is clearly dissimilar to the tetradrachms as well. One might suppose that it is in fact not a coin of Gonatas at all, but rather a hitherto unknown of his grandfather, Antigonos I Monophthalmos. However, this also does not sit well, again for reasons of , which is inconsistent with the period of Monophthalmos' reign. For the time being, therefore, this coin must remain a numismatic enigma until further evidence can shed additional light on it."
There are two auction records for the & Mosch specimen: Numismatics auction 7 (22 Mar 2014), lot 454, sold for £ 4,800 plus fees; and & Mosch auction 203 (5 Mar 2012), lot 150, sold for € 3,200 plus fees. Our coin sold at Gitbud & Naumann auction 16, (4 May 2014), lot 152, apparently slipping through unnoticed by all but our astute consignor for € 575 plus fees.SH71048. Silver
, c. 600 - 550 B.C.
As reported by B.V. in Chapter 5 of Excavations at : The Archaic Artemisia, a coin of this was one of five coins found in excavations underneath the foundations of the southern wall of the B cella of the Artemisia at . The other four coins were and paw types. wrote these coins must have been deposited during construction of the First Temple (A). 145 is the coin found at the Artemisia (= 79), now at the Arkeoloji MŁzesi, Istanbul. The coins appear to be struck with the same die.SH84450.
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy IX Lathyros, Reign as of , 101 - 88 B.C.
Ptolemy IX Lathyros ("grass pea") was of three times, 116 B.C. to 110 B.C., 109 B.C. to 107 B.C. and 88 B.C. to 81 B.C., with intervening periods ruled by his brother, Ptolemy X Alexander. When this coin was struck Ptolemy IX ruled in and Ptolemy X in .
Serifs are unique to just a few Ptolemaic coins from this time period. Perhaps all are the of a single engraver. Serifs also appear on a very Kition of this ruler. They appear on the K behind the of on the latest of the octadrachms. The heavy-set portrait compares well to MFA 59.51, and not so well to images of Ptolemy I. SH72904. Silver
the Younger, , 94 - 95 A.D., Smyrna,
In 94 A.D., because he had no heir, adopted his two young great-nephews. He renamed them and . The next year he executed the boys' father, his cousin, Flavius Clemens, and exiled the boys' mother, his niece, . They were charged with Atheism, a charge sometimes applied to condemn converts to Judaism or Christianity. The boys then disappeared from history and their fate is unknown.
Smyrna was the only city to strike coins in the name of the Younger. No coins were struck for his brother.
Some scholars connect with a Roman Matron in the Talmud (Avodah Zarah 10b) and the Deuteronomy Rabbah 2.25. When the emperor had decreed that in 30 days, the Senate would confirm an edict to kill all Jews and Christians in the Roman Empire, the Roman matron convinced her husband to stand up for the Jews. If that identification is correct, her husband Flavius Clemens converted to Judaism, after having contact with the great sage Rabbi Akiva. is a saint in both the Greek Orthodox and the Roman Catholic .SH83453. Bronze AE 16,
, , 695 - 698 A.D.
Leontius' success as a general forced the Arab Caliph Abd al-Malik to make concessions and pay tribute to Emperor Justinian II; but when war was renewed, was defeated. Furious over the loss, Justinian imprisoned him for two years. When he was freed, and his former prison comrades organized a revolt, and he took the throne. Justinian was deposed, his nose and tongue were slit and he was exiled to a monastery. After the Arabs took , the fleet sent to retake the city failed. Rather than report defeat to the emperor, the army overthrew their admiral and named Apsimar, a Germanic sailor, as their leader. Apsimar changed his name to , returned to Constantinople, seized the thrown, cut off Leontius' nose and ears and exiled him to a monastery. In 705, Justinian II returned to Constantinople with an army of Bulgars and Slavs. Both and were dragged through the streets in chains and beheaded.
, c. 650 - 600 B.C., Rough Irregular "Typeless"
Some sales catalogs describe similar coins as the striated . The roughly parallel lines on the striated appear to be impressed into the "obverse" by lines cut into the anvil. On this coin, it appears the rough irregular "typeless" surface is simply flattened rough pre-strike features from the raw irregular nugget-like "planchet." Based on the apparent wear on the punch, huge numbers of this may have been struck. Very few have survived. This is the first example handled by .SH77378.
, Justinian II, 10 July 685 - Late 695 and Summer 705 - 4 November 711 A.D.
The only other example of this variant known to is CNG auction 88, lot 1695 (misdescribed as an ordinary 1270). All other examples have the K below the H on the left, vice below the Λ on the right. Even the "normal" 1270 is missing from the Dumbarton Oaks collection ( 33 refs the coin) and described by as an extreme rarity.
The can probably be read to mean, "God-bearer [the ] Justinian."
, Theophilus, 12 May 821 - 20 January 842 A.D.
Most references date this to the joint reign of Michael II and his son Theophilus II (12 May 821 - 2 Oct 829 A.D.) identified it as Theophilus' first issue after Michael's death (2 Oct 829 - 830 A.D.).
Theophilus was an accomplished scholar and highly cultured. Although he admired Arab art and civilization, he was obliged to expend much effort defending his eastern frontier against Mutasim, the Caliph of Baghdad. He died of dysentery.
, Daughter of , Wife of , Mother of , Grandmother of
was the daughter of Marc Antony and , the wife of , the mother of , and a grandmother of . Renowned for her beauty and virtue, was revered by the Roman people. She was probably poisoned by or committed suicide. She never loved her son , calling him a monster and a fool, but he posthumously made her Augusta in 41 A.D. and issued all her coinage.SH68887. Silver
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