, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., ,
Mérida, Spain was founded by P. Carisius in 25 B.C., as Augusta, the name referring to the discharged soldiers who populated the city, by order of to protect a pass and a bridge over the Guadiana river. The city became an important city in the Roman Empire and the capital of province. Mérida preserves more important ancient Roman monuments than any other city in Spain (including a triumphal arch of the age of ).SH84707. Silver , 9b, 398, 291, Spain 128, 1039, 124, 1627 var. ( right), gVF, full centering on a broad , mint luster, areas, die wear, small edge cracks, 3.775 g, maximum 21.8 mm, 90o, Augusta (Merida, Spain) mint, P. Carisius, c. 25 - 23 B.C.; IMP , left; P CARISIVS (P. Carisius Legatus [ ] pro Praetore), bird's-eye view of town with walls around, inscribed above gateway in front with three battlements over two arched entrances; from the Marcelo Leal Collection; $1500.00 (€1335.00)
, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., VAR Quinctillus Varus
The of and the Sanctuary of the Three Gauls was dedicated by on 1 August 10 B.C., the very same day Drusus' son, the future emperor , was born in . All the notable men of Gaul were invited. Julius Vercondaridubnus, a member of the Aedui tribe, was the first priest of the new imperial cult. The , which was with the names of 60 Gallic tribes, was featured prominently on coins from the mint for many years.CM84471. Copper as, 1485 (with c/m), 230, 549, 1690, 240; : 52e (Publius Quinctilius Varus), aF, rough, edge crack, c/m: aF, 8.852 g, maximum 27.0 mm, 180o, ( , France) mint, c. 10 - 6 B.C.; , laureate right; : VAR (Varus) in a rectangular punch; (in ), the of , the front decorated with the corona civica between laurels and figures; flanked on each side by a on a column standing facing center, raising a and holding a frond; $810.00 (€720.90)
Roman Republic, M. Plaetorius Cestianus, 69 B.C.
The moneyer, M. Plaetorius Cestianus, was from , in , 23 miles east-southeast of , of the great temple to . Her sanctuary was an immense complex of buildings rising up the hillside on five vast terraces, connected with each other by grand staircases, visible even from the sea. The likely depicts a in the sanctuary. The epithet of means "Original." She was represented suckling two babes, said to be and , and she was especially worshiped by matrons. The oracle continued to be consulted down to Christian times, until Constantine the Great, and again later I, forbade the practice and closed the temple.SH76980. Silver , 3524 (same wheel control); 405/1b; 800a; 340, F, banker's mark, 3.563 g, maximum 19.5 mm, 135o, mint, 69 B.C.; diademed and draped of right, hair in net, wheel (control symbol) behind; temple , ornamented with sculpture of an anguipede (snake legged) giant holding a club(?) in his left hand, M PLAETORI (AE ) on the , S C in ; very ; $720.00 (€640.80)
, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., ,
(Stara Zagora, Bulgaria today) was founded by , c. 106 A.D. During 2nd - 3rd century A.D., it was the second largest city in Roman , after , and was fortified by strong walls. The city struck bronze coins from the time of to .RP83509. Brass AE 31, 163, 1009 (R7), -, -, F, , , 15.997 g, maximum 30.8 mm, 0o, (Stara Zagora, Bulgaria) mint, 9 Apr 193 - 4 Feb 211 A.D.; AV K Λ CEΠTI - CEVHPOC Π, laureate right; AVΓOVCT-HC TRAIAN-HC, on raised platform, flanked on each side by a tree and a stag leaping outward, standing right within the temple, holding bow in left hand and drawing arrow from quiver on shoulder with right hand; big 31 mm bronze!; very ; $300.00 (€267.00)
, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., of
The mint location for the of is uncertain but it was probably . was the Roman of . made it the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire in 286 when he introduced the system. remained as the eastern (and most ) capital of the Roman Empire until co-emperor Licinius was defeated by Constantine the Great at the Battle of Chrysopolis in 324. Constantine resided mainly in as his interim capital for the next six years, until in 330 when he declared the nearby (renamed Constantinople) the new capital. Constantine died in his royal villa in the vicinity of in 337. Due to its position at the convergence of the Asiatic roads leading to the new capital, retained its importance even after the foundation of Constantinople.RP84486. Bronze AE 21, III 1017 (3 spec.); I.2 p. 241, 38; -; -; 38; -, gF, brown , some roughness, on , die breaks, cracks, 25.115 g, maximum 33.2 mm, 180o, uncertain ( ?) mint, 2nd issue; AYT KAIC TPAI A∆PIANOC CEB, laureate right; octastyle temple (Temple of and at ?), Corinthian columns, on podium of two steps, pellet between middle columns, ornamented with a small figure holding a and sacrificing on an , KOI-NON in divided line flanking across center, BEIOYNIANC over prow right in ; from the Dr. Sam Mansourati Collection, ex Classical Numismatic Group e-auction 349 (22 Apr 2015), lot 263; better than the RPC plate coin; very ; $240.00 (€213.60)
, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.
In 278, defeated the , expelled the Franks from Gaul, reorganized the Roman defenses on the Rhine and resettled the Germanic tribes in the devastated provinces. He adopted the titles and .RA76944. , 32 (also 3rd ); , 22, 185; 530; , p. 56-57/4; -, EF, near full , portrait, light marks, 4.097 g, maximum 24.1 mm, 180o, 3rd , mint, emission 4, 279 A.D.; IMP PROBVS AVG, and right; ROMAE (eternal ), statue of seated facing inside a temple, left, in right, long in left hand, R pellet in crescent with horns up Γ in ; $225.00 (€200.25)
of , c. 244 - 245 A.D., Portrait of Alexander the Great
The two temples and on the indicate "Two Neokorie," advertising the of held the highly prized designation "double temple guardian" of the imperial cult. The first Nekoros was awarded by . The second , indicated by B (the Greek number two) or rarely ∆IC (double in Greek) on coins, was first received under . The title was rescinded but then later by , probably in 231 A.D.RP79978. Bronze AE 28,
very ; $220.00 (€195.80) 833; 3, p. 229, 446; -; -; -; -; -; -, gF, rough, on , 11.370 g, maximum 28.2 mm, 90o, , Beroea(?) mint, c. 244 -245 A.D.; AΛEΞAN∆POY, diademed of Alexander the Great right; two temple fronts, / M-AKE∆-O in two lines above, B NEΩKOPΩN / EOC (Era of year 275) below;
, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., ,
The site of (modern Kyustendil, Bulgaria) was settled in the Iron Age by the Thracian Dentheletes tribe. It was located near thermal springs and remains of the ancient city include a temple of Asklepios and Roman . In the 1990s, excavation of nearby 2nd century A.D. tumuli unearthed bronze surgical instruments and a small bronze case containing a variety of medicines.RP63965. Bronze AE 30, 264 (same die), 4653, -, -, aF, , 26.306 g, maximum 30.3 mm, 180o, (Kyustendil, Bulgaria) mint, AYT K Λ CEΠTI CEYHPOC ΠEP CEB, laureate right.; HΓE K AIΛIOY ONEPATOY OYΛΠIAC ΠAYTAΛIAC, seen in three-quarters perspective, no steps, Apollo-Bonus Eventus standing within, flanked by a tree left and another right; thick sestertius-like ; ; $200.00 (€178.00)
, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D., , Coele
describes the as a "figure (?) with plumes headdress, on pedestal." The coin is worn and the "figure" is a bit taller and thinner than our , but the coin does seem to be this same .
The site of ancient (Dion, ) has not been conclusively identified. The four leading candidates for are Tell al-Husn and Edun, both near Irbid, in Jordan, Kufr Abil, near , and Tell al-Ash'ari, near the Syrian town of Der'a.RY77849. Bronze AE 22, 9 , 10 var. (legends), 10 var. (legends), -, -, -, -, aF, earthen deposit highlighting, , corrosion, 7.701 g, maximum 22.0 mm, 180o, mint, 219 - 220 A.D.; AV KAI MAV ANTWNINO, laureate and draped or youthful right, from the front; temple, flaming within under central arch, ΓΠ-C (year 283) divided above roof, ∆IHNWN in ; very ; $200.00 (€178.00)
and Annius , Caesars, 166 - 170 A.D., Tarsus,
The brothers Annius and , sons of and the Younger, were made caesars in 166 A.D. Annius died at age 7 of natural causes in on 10 September 169. His younger brother became his father's heir and later successor to his father's throne. The are obviously unrealistic - the caesars were small boys when the coin was struck. RP84085. Bronze AE 17, 5035 (17 spec.); p. 191, 166; 5993; 1456; 1018 var. (no ); -, F, turquoise , , porous, earthen deposits, 3.339 g, maximum 17.2 mm, 0o, Tarsos (Tarsus, Mersin, Turkey) mint, 166 - 170 A.D.; KOPOI CEBACTOY, draped youthful busts of Annius (on left) and , over crossed club and between them; temple with ten columns, left with right and wings open in , KOINOC KIΛIKIAC in , TAP-COY across at center, MHTPOΠ in ; ; $200.00 (€178.00)
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