The Age of Gallienus
Ancient Coin Collecting 101
Ancient Coin Prices 101
Ancient Coin Dates
Ancient Coin Lesson Plans
Ancient Coins & Modern Fakes
Ancient Oil Lamps
Ancient Wages and Prices
Ancient Weights and Scales
Anonymous Class A Folles
Armenian Numismatics Page
A Cabinet of Greek Coins
Caesarean and Actian Eras
Campgates of Constantine
A Case of Counterfeits
Byzantine Christian Themes
Coins of Pontius Pilate
Conditions of Manufacture
Corinth Coins and Cults
Countermarked in Late Antiquity
Denarii of Otho
Die Alignment 101
Dictionary of Roman Coins
Doug Smith's Ancient Coins
Edict on Prices
ERIC - Rarity Tables
The Evolving Ancient Coin Market
Facing Portrait of Augustus
Fel Temp Reparatio
Fertility Pregnancy and Childbirth
Friend or Foe
The Gallic Empire
Greek Coin Denominations
Greek Mythology Link
Greek Numismatic Dictionary
Hellenistic Names & their Meanings
Helvetica's ID Help Page
The Hexastyle Temple of Caligula
Identifying Ancient Metal Arrowheads
Illustrated Ancient Coin Glossary
Important Collection Auctions
Islamic Rulers and Dynasties
People in the Bible Who Issued Coins
Imperial Mints of Philip the Arab
Later Roman Coinage
Library of Ancient Coinage
Life in Ancient Rome
List of Kings of Judea
Maps of the Ancient World
Museum Collections Available Online
The [Not] Cuirassed Elephant
Not in RIC
Numismatic Excellence Award
Pi-Style Athens Tetradrachms
Pricing and Grading Roman Coins
Reading Judean Coins
Representations of Alexander the Great
Roman Coin Attribution 101
Rome and China
Satyrs and Nymphs
The Sign that Changed the World
Silver Content of Parthian Drachms
Star of Bethlehem Coins
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum
Taras Drachms with Owl Left
The Temple Tax
The Temple Tax Hoard
Travels of Paul
Tribute Penny Debate Continued (2015)
Tribute Penny Debate Revisited (2006)
Uncleaned Ancient Coins 101
What I Like About Ancient Coins
Who was Trajan Decius
[British Museum Catalogue of Greek Coins, Central Greece—by B. V. Head, 1884.
E. Curtius, Hermes, vol. x, 1876, p. 215 sqq.
Imhoof-Blumer, Monatsbericht d. k. Akad. d. Wissensch., Berlin 1881.
Dondorff, De rebus Chalcidensium, Halle 1855.
Heinze, De rebus Eretriensium Göttingen 1869.]
That an island of the extent and importance of Euboea should have had no native currency during the period of her greatest colonizing and commercial activity is a proposition hardly to be entertained. Chalcis and Eretria, from the dawn of history down to the close of the sixth century, were the two most enterprising cities in European Greece, as is shown by the large number of Chalcidian and Eretrian colonies on the coasts of Thrace, of Southern Italy, and of Sicily.
Euboea, also, in very early times had already given her name to one of the most widely used standards for weighing the precious metals; a remarkable fact, and one which is alone sufficient to warrant us in supposing that Euboea would be one of the starting-points of the art of coining on the western side of the Aegean Sea. Granting therefore that, in all probability, coins must have been issued in Euboea during the period of her colonizing activity (and especially during and after the Lelantine war, when the rival Euboean cities Chalcis and Eretria fought out their quarrel for maritime supremacy, a struggle in which all the more important states, e.g. Corinth, Corcyra, Samos, Miletus, etc., took part), we must seek for them among the archaic and uninscribed specimens of the Euboïc standard.
It cannot, however, be denied that among the numerous archaic and anepigraphic silver coins of Euboïc weight and of various types it is a matter of conjecture which belong to the Euboean towns, Chalcis, Eretria, Cyme, etc., and which are contemporary issues of other states in intimate commercial relations with Euboea. All these coins nevertheless form a class distinguishable from the contemporary issues of Aegina and from those of most of the Aegaean islands, not only by their weight but also by their incuse squares divided diagonally instead of rectangularly or otherwise. Most of these uncertain archaic coins of the Euboïc standard are also characterized by what seems to be a local peculiarity, the plain linear circle which encloses their obverse types. This is an indication that they were struck at closely connected mints, if not at a single mint on behalf of various towns. Linear circles do not
Most of the coins of the above-mentioned series were formerly assigned to Athens before the time of Pisistratus, on the ground that they have been usually discovered in Attica; but as some of them are distinctly later in style than the earliest Athenian tetradrachms, it may be confidently asserted that Athens could not have issued from her single mint so many various series of coins simultaneously with her own well-known ‘Owls’. The circumstance that they are usually found in Attica  is easily explained by the close relations which always existed between Attica and Euboea, and by the identity of standard (135 and 270 grs. max.) which enabled them to circulate side by side with the money of Athens. The uninscribed archaic coins of the Euboïc standard with a diagonally divided incuse square bear on their obverses, usually within a linear circle, the following types :—Owl; Horse walking; Hind part of walking horse; Forepart of prancing horse; Amphora; Triskeles; Astragalos; Wheel of peculiar form ; Wheel of four spokes Θ; Scarabaeus; Gorgoneion; Bull’s head to front. On the evidence of inscribed specimens of a somewhat later date (flatter fabric, and types on both sides) the Wheel may be assigned to Chalcis and the Gorgoneion and Bull’s head to Eretria. The attribution of the remaining types is doubtful, though it is tempting to assign the Horse types to Cyme on the ground that similar types are characteristic of its colony Cyme in Aeolis. In Euboea, as elsewhere in Greece, the Persian Wars form the lower limit of the early archaic coinage. The war over, the cities of Euboea were enrolled among the allies of Athens, and such of them as retained the right of coinage adopted a new and improved method of striking money, and for the most part new types. The various Euboean cities to which these and later coins may be attributed are the following:—
Click here for the Carystus page.
Click here for the Chalcis page.
Click here for the Cyme, Euboea page.
Click here for the Eretria page.
Click here for the Histiaea page.
Sixth century B.C.
[Babelon, Traité, p. 719.]
|Incuse square diagonally divided|
|Id. [Imhoof and Keller, Tier- und Pflanzenbilder, Pl. VII. 13.]||Id. |
|Id. [Ibid., Pl. VII. 14.]||Gorgoneion. |
AR Size .4 Diob. (?)
|Frog swimming. [Babelon, Traité, Pl. XXXIII. 21, 22.]||Incuse square diagonally divided.
|Amphora in plain circle.
[Brit. Mus. Guide, Pl. V. 22.]
AR Didr. 128 grs.
|Triskeles in plain circle.
[N. C., 1888, Pl. V. 1, 2.]
AR Didr. 125 grs., Dr., and ½ Dr.
|Astragalos in plain circle.
[N. C., 1903, Pl. X. 6.]
AR Didr. 130 grs.
These coins belong to the same class as those with the Wheel, attributed to Chalcis, the Gorgoneion to Eretria, and the Horse to Cyme, etc.