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XXI

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Romano-British Empire

Carausius, Mid 286 - Early Summer 293 A.D.

Allectus, Early Summer 293 - 296 A.D.

References

Askew, G. The Coinage of Roman Britain. (London, 1980).
Beaujard, E.B. & H. Huvelin. "Le tresor de Rouen et l'occupation de la Gaule par Carausius" in Histoire et Numismatique en Haut-Normandie. (Caen, 1980).
Bland, R. "A Hoard of Carausius and Allectus from Burton Latimer" in BNJ 54 (1984), pp. 41 - 50. Available Online
Burnett, A. “The Coinage of Allectus: Chronology and Interpretation” in BNJ 54 (1984), pp. 21 - 40. Available Online
Burnett, A. & J. Casey. A Carausian Hoard from Croydon, Surrey, and a Note on Carausius's Continental Possessions" in BNJ 54 (1984), pp. 10 - 20. Available Online
Calicó, X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. 2: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Carson, R.A.G. "The Sequence-marks on the Coinage of Carausius and Allectus" in Essays Baldwin (1971), pp. 57 - 65.
Casey, P.J. Carausius and Allectus: The British Usurpers. (New Haven, 1995).
Challis, C.E. & M.A.S. Blackburn. Studies in the Coinages of Carausius and Allectus. (London, 1985).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 7: Carausius to Constantine & Sons. (Paris, 1888).
Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Dioclétien a Constantin I (284-337). (Wetteren, 1995).
Giard, J-B. "La monnaie de Carausius à Rouen: une remise en question" in RN 1995, Vol. 6, Issue 150, pp. 264 - 266. Available Online
King, C.E. "A Small Hoard of Carausius Found Near Bicester Oxfordshire" in BNJ 53, (1982), pp. 7 - 16. Available Online
King, C.E. "The Unmarked Coins of Carausius" in BNJ 54 (1984), pp. 1 - 9. Available Online
King, C.E. & D.R. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume V, Carausius to Romulus Augustus. (London, 1987).
Mattingly, H., E.A. Sydenham & P. Webb. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol V, Part II, Probus to Amandus. (London, 1933).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. IV. Valerian I to Allectus. (Oxford, 1978).
Schaaff, U. Münzen der römischen Kaiserzeit mit Schiffsdarstellungen im Römisch-Germanischen Zentralmuseum. (Munich, 2003).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Volume IV: The Tetrarchies and the Rise of the House of Constantine...Diocletian To Constantine I, AD 284 - 337. (London, 2011).
Shiel, N. The Episode of Carausius and Allectus. BAR 40. (Oxford, 1977).
Southerland, C.H.V. "'Carausius II', 'Censeris', and the Barbarous Fel. Temp. Reparatio Overstrikes" in NC 1945.
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).
Webb, P.H. "The Coinage of Allectus" in NC 1906, pp. 127 ff.
Webb, P.H. The reign and coinage of Carausius. (London, 1908). Available Online
Webb, P.H. "The Linchmere Hoard" in NC 1925, pp. 173 - 235. Available Online


Mintmark sequences of the coinage of Carausius and Allectus

IMP CARAVSIVS... (286 - 291)

Londinium (London, England)

Unmarked (c. mid 286 - early/mid 287) Notes: Sear lists some unmarked as Colchester. Carson says Boulogne is possible but not proved.

BRI (c. late 286 - mid 287) Notes: Very rare. Probably for BRI[TANNIA].

ML (c. mid 287 - 288)

L-[ ] / ML (c. 288 - 289) Note: A short issue.

F-O / ML (c. 289 - 290) Note: The most common London mark for Carausius.

B-E / MLXXI, B*-E / MLXXI (c. 290 - 291) Notes: XXI is a mark of value. Possibly began late 289. 

Camulodunum (Colchester, England) Note: Possibly Clausentum (Bitterne, England)

C (c. late 286 - 288)

MC (c. 288 - 289)

SMC (c. 288 - 289)

MSC (c. 289 - 290)

CXXI, MCXXI (c. 290 - 291) Notes: XXI is a mark of value. Possibly began late 289. AVGGG preceded AVG.

S-C / C, S-C / [ ], S-P / [ ] (c. 291)

Rotomagus (Rouen, France)

R, OPR, IOI, OPA (c. 287)

Gesoriacum (Boulogne, France)

RSR (c. mid 287 - 289)

Uncertain (Probably London)

X, V, V*, L in field (c. mid 286 - mid 287)

XXI, XXX (c. mid 286 - mid 287)

IMP C CARAVSIVS... (291 - mid 293)

Londinium (London, England)

B-E / MLXXI (c. 291) Note: A short issue, considerably more common with the earlier obverse legend.

S-P / MLXXI (c. 292 - early 293) Note: AVGGG (292) preceded AVG (late 292 - early 293).

S-P / ML, S-C / ML (c. early - mid 293)

Camulodunum (Colchester, England) Note: Possibly Clausentum (Bitterne, England)

Unmarked, S-P / [ ], S-C / [ ] (c. 291 - 292)

S-P / C, S-C / C (c. 291 - early 293) Note: AVGGG (292) preceded AVG (late 292 - early 293).

SPC (c. 292 - mid 293)

Rotomagus (Rouen, France)

R, OPR, IOI, OPA (c. 293)

IMP C ALLECTVS... (293 - 296)

Londinium (London, England)

S-P / ML (c. mid 293 - 295)

S-A / ML (c. mid 293 - 295)

S-P / MSL (c. mid 293 - 295)

QL (295 - 296)

Camulodunum (Colchester, England) Note: Possibly Clausentum (Bitterne, England)

S - P / C (c. mid 293 - 295)

S - P / CL (295)

QC (295 - 296)

Notes:

Reverse legends ending AVGGG refer to Carausius' claim to be legitimate colleague of Diocletian and Maximian in the government of the Empire. He reverted to AVG after his overtures were ignored. 


Webb Carausius

Webb, P.H. The reign and coinage of Carausius. (London, 1908). Available Online

1. Common obverse legends, referred to by numbers.
1. IMP CARAVSIVS AVG.
2. IMP CARAVSIVS P AV.
3. IMP CARAVSIVS P AVG.
4. IMP CARAVSIVS P F AV.
5. IMP CARAVSIVS P F AVG.
6. IMP C CARAVSIVS AVG.
7. IMP C CARAVSIVS IVG.
8. IMP C CARAVSIVS P AVG.
9. IMP C CARAVSIVS P F AVG.

2. Common types of bust, referred to by letters.
A. Radiate bust to right, draped.
B. Radiate bust to right, draped and cuirassed.
C. Radiate bust to right, cuirassed only.
D. Laureate bust to right, draped.
E. Laureate bust to right, draped and cuirassed.
R. Laureate bust to right, cuirassed only.

Contents

Londinium (London)....................92

Camulodunum (Colchester)....................120

Camulodunum (Colchester), S -, S - C, or S - P....................153

RSR....................164

Rotomagus (Rouen)....................178

UNCERTAIN

I. British Coins without Recorded Mint-Marks
Silver....................193
Bronze....................196

II Coins with Unattributed Mint-Marks
Silver....................238
Bronze....................240

Carausius, Diocletian and Maximian
Camulodunum (Colchester), Bronze....................242

Coins Issued by Carausius, Bearing Bust and Name of Diocletian
Londinium (London), Bronze....................243
Camulodunum (Colchester), Bronze....................245
Uncertain Mint, Bronze....................246

Coins Issued by Carausius, Bearing Bust and Name of Maximian
Londinium (London), Gold....................247
Camulodunum (Colchester), Bronze....................248
Uncertain Mint, Bronze....................248

Supplement....................250

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