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Index Of All Titles


Aes Grave
The Age of Gallienus
Alexander Tetradrachms
Ancient Coin Collecting 101
Ancient Coin Dates
Ancient Coin Lesson Plans
Ancient Coins & Modern Fakes
Ancient Counterfeits
Ancient Glass
Ancient Oil Lamps
Ancient Weapons
Ancient Wages and Prices
Ancient Weights and Scales
Anonymous Folles
Anonymous Follis
Anonymous Class A Folles
Antioch Officinae
Armenian Numismatics Page
Byzantine Denominations
A Cabinet of Greek Coins
Caesarean and Actian Eras
Campgates of Constantine
A Case of Counterfeits
Byzantine Christian Themes
Clashed Dies
Coins of Pontius Pilate
Conditions of Manufacture
Corinth Coins and Cults
Countermarked in Late Antiquity
Danubian Celts
Damnatio Coinage
Damnatio Memoriae
Denarii of Otho
Dictionary of Roman Coins
Doug Smith's Ancient Coins
Edict on Prices
ERIC - Rarity Tables
Etruscan Alphabet
The Evolving Ancient Coin Market
Facing Portrait of Augustus
Fel Temp Reparatio
Fertility Pregnancy and Childbirth
Friend or Foe
The Gallic Empire
Gallienus Zoo
Greek Alphabet
Greek Dates
Greek Coin Denominations
Greek Mythology Link
Greek Numismatic Dictionary
Hellenistic Names & their Meanings
Hasmonean Dynasty
Helvetica's ID Help Page
Historia Numorum
Horse Harnesses
Identifying Ancient Metal Arrowheads
Illustrated Ancient Coin Glossary
Islamic Rulers and Dynasties
Kushan Coins
People in the Bible Who Issued Coins
Imperial Mints of Philip the Arab
Later Roman Coinage
Latin Plurals
Latin Pronunciation
Library of Ancient Coinage
Life in Ancient Rome
List of Kings of Judea
Malloy Weapons
Maps of the Ancient World
Military Belts
Mint Marks
Museum Collections Available Online
Nabataean Alphabet
Nabataean Numerals
Not in RIC
Numismatic Bulgarian
Numismatic Excellence Award
Numismatic French
Numismatic German
Numismatic Italian
Numismatic Spanish
Parthian Coins
Paleo-Hebrew Alphabet
Phoenician Alphabet
Pi-Style Athens Tetradrachms
Pricing and Grading Roman Coins
Reading Judean Coins
Representations of Alexander the Great
Roman Coin Attribution 101
Roman Militaria
Roman Mints
Roman Names
Rome and China
Serdi Celts
The Sign that Changed the World
Silver Content of Parthian Drachms
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum
Syracusian Folles
Taras Drachms with Owl Left
The Temple Tax Hoard
Travels of Paul
Tribute Penny
Tribute Penny Debate Continued (2015)
Tribute Penny Debate Revisited (2006)
Tyrian Shekels
Venus Cloacina
What I Like About Ancient Coins
Widow's Mite

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French numismatic terms and abbreviations

a.d. - to right (a droite)
a.g. - to left (a gauche)
aigle - eagle
assis - seated
astre - star
au-dessous - below
au-dessus - above
autel - altar
av. - averse - obverse
avec - with

baguette - rod, staff
bas - low
bouclier - shield
bouquetin - wild goats or ibex

casque - helmet
champ - field
cheval - horse
chouette - owl
coin - die
corne d'abondance - cornucopia
cornu - horned
côté - side
couronne - crown
croissant - crescent

dans - in
dans le champ - in the field
debout - standing
dessous - below
dessus- above
deux - two
devant - before
dr. - obverse
dresse - stands
droite - right

en bas - below
entre - between
épis - ears (of grain)
et - and
étoile - star

favoris - sideburns
fer de lance - spearhead
février - February
flanque - flanks

grappe de raisin - bunch of grapes
grenetis - beading (dot border)
gauche - left
graveur - engraver

haste - spear
haut - above

idem - same
indiquant - showing
isiaque - Isis

joug - yoke

lance - spear
laurier - laurel

machoire - jaw
main - hand
mais - but
mais avec - but with
marchant - marching, walking
massue - club
mêmes - same

ND - no date

ou - or

pendent - fillet, ribbon
pieds - feet
plumb (pl.) - lead
printemps - spring

quelquefois - sometimes

raisin - grapes
roi - king
rv. - reverse

sa - his
sanglier - boar
sans - without
sceptres croisés - transverse scepters
son - his
sous - under
sur - on

tenant - holding
tête - head

un, une - a

voir - see


F - fruste - Poor to Fair
très bien conservée - G - Good
B - beau - VG - Very Good
TB - très beau - F - Fine
TTB - très très beau - VF - Very Fine
TTB - très très beau - EF - Extremely Fine
SUP - superbe - nice EF to UNC - nice Extremely Fine to Uncirculated
FDC - Fleur de coin - FDC - Fleur de coin
FB - Flan bruni - Proof

fêlure du flan - flan crack
foureé - plated
rognés - clipped
troueé (tr.) - holed