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List of Kings of Judea

This page lists rulers of Judea and other related Jewish Kingdoms from the Maccabean Rebellion to the final Roman annexations.


Judaean Coins For Sale at Forum Ancient Coins


Hasmonean Rebel Leaders, 167 - 153 B.C.E.

Judas Maccabeus 167 - 160 B.C.E.
Jonathan 160 - 153 B.C.E.

Hasmonean High Priests and Kings, 153 - 37 B.C.E.

Jonathan 153 - 142 B.C.E.
Simon 142 - 134 B.C.E.
John Hyrcanus I 134 - 104 B.C.E. 
Aristobulus I (also King) 104 - 103 B.C.E. 
Alexander Jannaeus (also King) 103 - 76 B.C.E. 
Alexandra Salome (Queen) 76 - 67 B.C.E.
John Hyrcanus II (High Priest only) 76 - 66 B.C.E.
Aristobulus II 66 - 63 B.C.E. 
John Hyrcanus II (High Priest only) 63 - 40 B.C.E. 
Antigonus 40 - 37 B.C.E. 

Herodian Dynasty, 60 B.C.E - 100 C.E.

Antipater the Idumaean (Governor of Judaea) 60 - 43 B.C.E. 
Herod (Governor of Galilee) 43 - 40 B.C.E. 
Phasael (Governor of Judaea) 43 - 40 B.C.E.
Herod the Great, "King of the Jews", elected by Roman Senate, 37-4 B.C.E.
Herod Archelaus (Ethnarch of Judaea) 4 B.C.E. - 6 C.E.
Herod Antipas (Tetrarch of Galilee) 4 B.C.E.-39 C.E.
Herod Philip (Tetrarch of Batanaea) 4 B.C.E - 34 C.E.
Herod Agrippa I, "King of the Jews", nominated by Claudius
     Tetrarch of Batanaea 37- 41 C.E. 
     Tetrarch of Galilee 40- 41 C.E. 
     King 41 - 44 C.E.
Herod Agrippa II, "King of the Jews", nominated by Claudius
     Tetrarch of Chalcis 50 - 52 C.E.
     Tetrarch of Batanaea 50 - 100 C.E. 

Roman Prefects and Procurators of Iudaea Province, 6 - 132 C.E.

Prefects:

Coponius 6 - 9 C.E.
Marcus Ambibulus 9 - 12 C.E.
Annius Rufus 12 - 15  C.E.
Valerius Gratus 15 - 26 C.E.
Pontius Pilate 26 - 36 C.E.
Marcellus 36-37 C.E.
Marulus 37 - 41 C.E.
Reign of King Herod Agrippa I: 41 - 44 C.E.

Procurators:

Cuspius Fadus 44 - 47 C.E.
Tiberius Julius Alexander 47 - 48 C.E.
Reign of King Herod Agrippa II: 48 - 93 C.E.
Vendicius Cumanus 48 - 52 C.E.
Antonius Felix 52 - 60 C.E.
Porcius Festus 60 - 62 C.E.
Lucceius Albinus 62 - 64 C.E.
Gessius Florus 64 - 66 C.E.
Marcus Antonius Julianus after 66  C.E. (dates uncertain)
Lusius Quietus, during the Kitos War, 115 - 117 C.E.

Revolts

Tax Revolt of the Zealots 6 C.E.
First Jewish-Roman War 66 - 70  C.E.
Kitos War 115 - 117  C.E.
Bar Kokhba's revolt 132 - 135 C.E.

Other Dates of Interest

135 C.E. Region renamed Syria Palaestina
638 C.E. Jerusalem fell to Muslims
641 or 642 C.E. Caesarea fell to Muslims ending Roman rule

Sources:  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Kings_of_Judea