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191

Islands Of Sicily

ancient_Sicily.jpg  Geography_of_Syracuse.jpg  ItalyandSicilymap3g~0.jpg  Map_Ancient_Sicily_1900pix.jpg  Sicily_cultures_431bc.jpg  South-east_Sicily_Citites_of_V_century.jpg

Ancient Coins from Sicily in the Forum Ancient Coins shop

Bahrfeldt, M.F. von. Die römisch-sicilischen Münzen aus der Zeit der Republik, etc. (Geneva, 1904).
Calciati, R. Corpus Nummorum Siculorum. The Bronze Coinage, Vol. III. (Milan, 1983 - 1987).
Castelli, G.L. Siciliae nummi veteres. (Palermo, 1781).
Evans, A.J. "Contributions to Sicilian Numismatics" in Numismatic Chronicle XVI, 1896., pp. 101 - 143.
Evans, A.J. Syracusan Medallions and their Engravers. (London, 1892).
Evans, J. “The Sicilian Coinage of Sextus Pompeius (Crawford 511)” in MN 32 (1987).
Gardner, P. The Types of Greek Coins. (Cambridge, 1882).
Head, B.V. History of the Coinage of Syracuse. (London, 1874).
Hill, G.F. Coins of Ancient Sicily. (Westminster, 1905).
Holm, A. Geschichte des sicilischen Münzwesens (in vol. iii. of his Geschichte Alterthum, 1870-1902).
Jenkins, G.K. The Coinage of Gela. AMUGS II. (Berlin, 1970).
Landolina, F. and L. Paternò, Ricerche numm. sullantica Sicilia. (Palermo, 1872).
Poole, R.S. ed. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Sicily. (London, 1876).
Reinach, T. Sur la valeur relative des métaux monétaires dans la Sicile greque (L'Histoire par les monnaies). (Paris, 1902).
Salinas, A. Le monete delle antiche città di Sicilia. (Palermo, 1871).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 1: Europe. (London, 1978).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Volume 1: Italy - Sicily (Parts 1 - 5). (West Milford, NJ, 1981).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, München Staatlische Münzsammlung, Part 5: Sikelia. (Berlin, 1977).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, München Staatlische Münzsammlung, Part 6: Sikelia. Punier in Sizilien. Lipara. Sardinia. Punier in Sardinien. Nachträge.. (Berlin, 1980).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, The Collection of the American Numismatic Society, Part 3: Bruttium - Sicily 1 (Abacaenum-Eryx). (New York, 1975).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, The Collection of the American Numismatic Society, Part 4: Sicily 2 (Galaria - Styella). (New York, 1977).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, The Collection of the American Numismatic Society, Part 5: Sicily 3 (Syracuse - Siceliotes). (New York, 1988).
Tropea, G. Numismatica Siceliota del Museo, Mandralisca in Cefalù. (Messina, 1901).
Weil, R. Die Künstlerinschriften der sicilischen Münzen (Winckelmannsfest-Progr. 44), 1884.

Lipara (G. Tropea, Num. di Lipara, in Arch. Stor. Messinese, i. 1901) does not seem to have coined money before the middle of the fourth century B.C. On the standard used, see Willers, Rhein. Mus., lx. pp. 353 ff.

Circ. B.C. 350-309.

Head of Hephaestos in conical pilos. ΛΙΡΑΡΑΙΟΝ Stern of galley.
Æ 1.55 Litra c. 1667 grs.
[Willers, p. 354.]

Also hemilitron, tetras, hexas, and onkia, all with marks of value.

Early third century B.C.
Hephaestos seated, with hammer and kantharos. ΛΙΠΑΡΑΙΟΝ Dolphin.
Æ Litra c. 210 grs. normal.

Also smaller denominations as in first period, without dolphin but with marks of value. The litra is a reduction to 1/8 of the original.

Head of young Ares, laureate. ΛΙΠΑΡΑΙΩΝ Trident.
Æ .95-.7

The date of this coin is fixed to circ. B.C. 288 by its resemblance to the Mamertine issues.

Head of Poseidon. ΛΙΠΑΡΑΙΩΝ Trident.
Æ .75-.6

Probably at some time in the third century Lipara issued coins in alliance with Tyndaris. Obv. ΛΙΠΑΡΑΙΟΝ (or -ΩΝ), Rev. ΤΥΝΔΑΡΙΤΑΝ; Types, Head of Hephaestos, Dioskuri standing, etc. (Tropea, Riv. di Stor. Antica, 1901, where they are assigned to B.C. 309-304).

The island was occupied by the Carthaginians, probably at some time shortly after B.C. 288. The Romans captured it in B.C. 252.

Circ. B.C. 252-89.

During this period the litra was again reduced, this time to 1/16 of the original weight. The coins of this series have the same types as in the preceding period; in addition there were issued other bronze coins with the following types : Head of Poseidon, rev. Young Hephaestos standing, or Head of Hephaestos, rev. Hephaestos fighting, etc.

After circ. B.C. 89.

The chief coin is one with the names Γ. ΜΑΡΚΙΟC ΛΕ. Γ. ΑCΩΝΕΥC ΔΥΟ ΑΝΔΡ., i.e. apparently G. Marcius L. f. and G. Asoneus, duoviri.

Sardinia. Of this island there are no Greek coins. For the rude bronze coins reading M. ATIVS BALBVS PR(aetor) and SARD. PATER (head of Sardus Pater with plumed head-dress and sceptre), see Klebs in Pauly-Wissowa, Real-Enc., ii. 2253.