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Index Of All Titles


Aes Grave
The Age of Gallienus
Alexander Tetradrachms
Ancient Coin Collecting 101
Ancient Coin Dates
Ancient Coin Lesson Plans
Ancient Coins & Modern Fakes
Ancient Counterfeits
Ancient Glass
Ancient Oil Lamps
Ancient Weapons
Ancient Wages and Prices
Ancient Weights and Scales
Anonymous Folles
Anonymous Follis
Anonymous Class A Folles
Antioch Officinae
Armenian Numismatics Page
Byzantine Denominations
A Cabinet of Greek Coins
Caesarean and Actian Eras
Campgates of Constantine
A Case of Counterfeits
Byzantine Christian Themes
Clashed Dies
Coins of Pontius Pilate
Conditions of Manufacture
Corinth Coins and Cults
Countermarked in Late Antiquity
Danubian Celts
Damnatio Coinage
Damnatio Memoriae
Denarii of Otho
Dictionary of Roman Coins
Doug Smith's Ancient Coins
Edict on Prices
ERIC - Rarity Tables
Etruscan Alphabet
The Evolving Ancient Coin Market
Facing Portrait of Augustus
Fel Temp Reparatio
Fertility Pregnancy and Childbirth
Friend or Foe
The Gallic Empire
Gallienus Zoo
Greek Alphabet
Greek Dates
Greek Coin Denominations
Greek Mythology Link
Greek Numismatic Dictionary
Hellenistic Names & their Meanings
Hasmonean Dynasty
Helvetica's ID Help Page
Historia Numorum
Horse Harnesses
Identifying Ancient Metal Arrowheads
Illustrated Ancient Coin Glossary
Islamic Rulers and Dynasties
Kushan Coins
People in the Bible Who Issued Coins
Imperial Mints of Philip the Arab
Later Roman Coinage
Latin Plurals
Latin Pronunciation
Library of Ancient Coinage
Life in Ancient Rome
List of Kings of Judea
Malloy Weapons
Maps of the Ancient World
Military Belts
Mint Marks
Museum Collections Available Online
Nabataean Alphabet
Nabataean Numerals
Not in RIC
Numismatic Bulgarian
Numismatic Excellence Award
Numismatic French
Numismatic German
Numismatic Italian
Numismatic Spanish
Parthian Coins
Paleo-Hebrew Alphabet
Phoenician Alphabet
Pi-Style Athens Tetradrachms
Pricing and Grading Roman Coins
Reading Judean Coins
Representations of Alexander the Great
Roman Coin Attribution 101
Roman Militaria
Roman Mints
Roman Names
Rome and China
Serdi Celts
The Sign that Changed the World
Silver Content of Parthian Drachms
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum
Syracusian Folles
Taras Drachms with Owl Left
The Temple Tax Hoard
Travels of Paul
Tribute Penny
Tribute Penny Debate Continued (2015)
Tribute Penny Debate Revisited (2006)
Tyrian Shekels
Venus Cloacina
What I Like About Ancient Coins
Widow's Mite

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Greek Numismatic Dictionary


ARCIEREAS (abbreviation: ARCIE) - High priest

ARCWN - Ruler (chief), magistrate

AUTOKR (abbreviations: A, AU, AUT, AUTOK) - Emperor (self-ruler, autocrator)

BASILEWS (abbreviations: B) - of king

DAKIKOS (abbreviations: DAK, DAKIK) - Dacius (defeated the Dacians)

DECPOTEC (abbreviations: DE, DECP, DESP, etc.) - Despot, but not in the modern English sense. The Greek word despotes is roughly equivalent to the Latin dominus and hence means simply 'lord'. In the Byzantine court, the title could be used by high-ranking ecclesiastics (e.g. the Patriarch) as well as by the Emperor. The word appears on Byzantine coins from about the beginning of the 9th-century, the reign of Nicephorus I. Note that on Byzantine coinage the letter S usually appears as C or sometimes S.  

EUSEBHS (abbreviations: E, EUS) - Pius

EQNARC (abbreviations: EQN) - Ethnarch, refer to rulers of vassal kingdoms who did not rise to the level of kings. The title first appears in the Hellenistic Middle East, possibly in Judea. Hyrcanus II, one of the later Hasmonean rulers of Judea, held the title of ethnarch, as well as that of High Priest. The best-known is probably Herod Archelaus, son of Herod the Great, who was ethnarch of the chief part of Palestine, Samaria, Judea and Idumea, from the death of his father in 4 BC to AD 6. His brother Philip received the north-east of the realm and was styled Tetrarch (circa 'ruler of a quarter'); and Galilee was given to Herod Antipas, who bore the same title. Consequently, Archelaus' title singled him out as the senior ruler, higher in rank than the tetrarchs and the chief of the Jewish nation; these three sovereignties were reunited under Herod Agrippa from AD 41 to 44. The Byzantines used the term generically to refer to the rulers of barbarian tribes or realms outside the boundaries of their empire. In modern Greek usage, the term has the connotation of "father of the nation."

FILADELFOS - Sibling-loving

GERMANIKOS (abbreviations: GER, GERMANI) - Germanicus (defeated the Germans)

KAISAR (abbreviations: K, KAI, KAIS) - Caesar

PATHR PATRIDOS - Pater Patriae (Father of the country)

QEO - Divo

QEOS - Divus 

SEBASTH (abbreviationsSE, SEB, SEBA) - Augusta

SEBASTOS (abbreviationsSE, SEB, SEBA) - Augustus

STRATHGOS -  General

SOTER - Savior