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XXI

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BRVTVS IMP    


                           

       

Brutus. Late summer-autumn 42 BC. AV Aureus (8.01 g, 12h). Military mint-  Joe Geranio and cngcoins.com












Please add updates or make corrections to the NumisWiki text version as appropriate.
BRUTUS IMP. Obeverse: Neptune. Reverse: Victoria. See CASCA LONGUS

BRUTUS IMP (Q CAEPIO). Reverse: Trophy. See Servilia gens.

BRUTUS IMP. Obverse: Bare head of Marcus Junius Brutus, to the right, within a wreath of oak leaves. Reverse: CASCA LONGVS, a trophy between two prows: sometimes with, sometimes without, an insulated letter in the field.


In page 143, an engraving is given of a gold coin, which on one side presents the effigy of Brutus in the middle of a civic crown; and on the other that of Junius Brutus, from whom he claimed desccent. The above line drawing is from another gold coin, and which represents the head of this celebrated character within a similar crown. The trophy, raised upon the prows of ships, forming the type of the reverse, baers allusion to the success which attended the lieutenants of Brutus and Cassius, in a naval engagement, which they had with the fleet of the triumvirs, at the very time when the conspirators themselves were defeated by land. The legend CASCA LONBVS points to Publius Servilius Casca; the man who struck the first blow at Julius Caesar, and who fought at Philippi. Longus is probably but the second surname of this same Casca.

It has already been remarked, with regard to coins stamped with the head of Brutus, that they were struck with his authority, They all combine to prove the ambition of Marcus Junius. The individuals if his party (observes Visconti), would not have dared, each independently of the other, to cause his effigy to be stamped on Roman money, in imitation of those abuses, which were found fault with in the governmant of Julius Caesar, if they had bot been well assured of the conscent and approbation of their chief. It is even a matter of astonishment, that a like example should not have been followed by the lieutenants of Cassius, and that his head also should not have been struck on the money which he ordered to be coined. Icon. Rom. i 212.

We might have supposed (adds the same distinguised writer), that the portraits of Brutus, after his defeat and death, would have disappeared from the Roman world. But party spirit long survives events that have decided its lot; and beside there is nothing so difficult to destroy as numismatic monuments [coins].

The coin whence Visconti made his engraving, was at the same time in the cabinet of the learned Abbe San Clemente, at Cremona. A similar one exists in the imperial cabinet of Vienna (Eckhel, Catal. Mus. Caes. part ii pl i).


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