Antonia, daughter of Marc Antony, mother of Claudius, grandmother of Caligula

Antonia was daughter of Marc Antony and Octavia, wife of Nero Claudius Drusus, sister-in-law of Tiberius, mother of Claudius, and grandmother of Caligula. Renowned for her beauty and virtue, Antonia spent her long life revered by the Roman people and enjoyed many honors conferred upon her by her relatives. All her coinage was issued early in the reign of Claudius. She died around 37 A.D., possibly as a result of forced suicide ordered by Caligula.

This bust in the Palazzo Massimo museum in Rome shows Antonia Minor, daughter of Octavia and Mark Anthony. Octavia was sister of Octavian, the future emperor Augustus, which would make him Antonia Minor's uncle.  She was apparently identified in part from the fringe of curls on her forehead which appear on her coin portraits.  Photo by Raggi- Joe Geranio


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Obverse legends:

ANTONIA AVGVSTA


Rarity of Denominations, Average Weights of Well Preserved Coins, Mints, and Other Information

Average well preserved denarius weight 3.11 grams.

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Dictionary of Roman Coins





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ANTONIA AUGUSTA, daughter of Mark antony and Octavia, married to Drusus Senior and the mother of Germanicus, Livilla and the future emperor, Claudius. She was born in 38 or 39 B.C. and died in A.D.38, the second year of her grandson Caligula's reign, who, according to Suetonius, was suspected to have poisoned her. She is spoken of, by historians, as a sensible, amiable woman; attractive, graceful and a noble example of faithfulness to her husband and then of honourable widowhood.
  Her gold and silver coins are very rare and her bronze is scarce.
One of these bronzes, the obverse of which is pictured at the top of this column, bears on one side the head of Antonia "with her hair twisted to the back of her neck, and a countenance expressive of sense and mildness," and the legend ANTONIA AVGVSTA. The reverse has the emperor Claudius, veiled and togate, standing with a simpulum in his right hand and the legend, TI CLAVDIVS AVG P M TR P IMP.
  Antonia was given the title of Augusta by her grandson, Caius (Caligula), who also granted her the dignity of a Vestal. (See SACERDOS DIVI AVGVSTI).
  No bronze coins with her name and portrait were produced during her lifetime, the coin described above, and another, were struck in her memory by her son, Claudius.
  Antonia was called minor, to distinguish her from her eldest sister, whose name was also Antonia, and who was married to Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus, the grandfather of Nero.

 


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