Aemilianus



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AEMILIANVS (Marcus or Caius Julius Aemilius), was born in Mauretania, of an obscure family, about the year of the Christian era 208. A good soldier, and of an enterprising character, he arrived at the highest dignities, and was honoured with the consulate. Appointed governor of Maesia and Pannonia, he repulsed with great slaughter an invasion of the Goths, whom he also drove out of Illyria and Thrace. In admiration of his valour and firmness, as contrasted with the timid and yielding policy of Trebonius Gallus, The Maesian and Pannonian legions proclaimed him Emperorm, A. D. 253, he being then forty-six years of age. Advancing, after his election, into Italy, he defeated Gallus and Volusianus in a pitched battle; and those two princes having been slain by their own troops, Aemilianus was acknowledged by the Senate, who confirmed him in all the imperial titles A. D. 254. Shortly after, being compelled to march against Valerianus, who had been elected Emperor by the legions of Rhetia and Noricum, he was killed by his own soldiers, near Spoletum, in Umbria, on a bridge afterwards called "the bloody bridge," in August of the same year. On his coins (which are of the highest rarity in gold, rare in silver, and very rare in 1st and 2nd brass), he is styled IMP M AEM AEMILIANVS AVG - IMP CAES C IVL AEMILIANVS PIVS FEL AVG.
The above engraving is from a large brass coin, of the legends and types on which the following is descriptive: -
Obv.  IMP AEMILIANVS PIVS FEL AVG - (Imperator, Aemilianus, Pius, Felix, Augustus) - Laurelled head of Aemilian.
Rev. PACI AVG (To the Peace of the Emperor.) - Peace holding the olive branch and the hasta and leaning on a cippus, or short column. 

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