SULTANATES OF INDIA
One of the great religion, the ISLAM emerged as a great political force within a century of it's birth. It appeared in the eighth century, but failed to strike its root. It reappeared in the twelveth century, but this time it firmly established forever. Muslims ruled North India for nearly a millennium and in the south for nearly six centuries. With the exceptions of earlier coinage, the pictorial devices ceased to appear on both sides of the coins and the henceforth the coinage was totally devoted to the inscription impressed with kings name, title, khalima, Hijri era and the mint.
In 992 AD, Sabuktgin of Ghazna took possession of the country as far as the Indus. Sabuktgin's successor, Mahmud of Ghazna wrestled the Kingdom of Lahore from Jaipal-II and defeated Rajas of Bhalia Multan and the united armies of the Kings of Gwalior, Malwa, Kalinjar, Kanauj, Delhi and also Ajmer in a decision battle at Peshawar in 1008 AD. From 1000 AD to 1027 AD, he carried seventeen plundering attacks and gained him a bad name Idol Breaker. The gates of the north-west India were thus opened this time to Muslim invaders, the Ghaznavids.
Mohammad bin Sam of Ghor in 1186 decided to battle against various Rajput clans and soon founded the first Mohammedan Dynasty of Hindustan which in fact starts along with his successor Qutubud-d-din Aibak a former slave bought from Turkistan, fixing his capital at Delhi. They became known as Delhi Sultanate. They eventually ruled North India with their capital fixed at Delhi but through the successive dynasties such as Ghorids, Khaljis, Sayyids, Lodis & Tughlaqs.
In Parallel, the disaffected members of the Delhi Sultanate courts (Tughlaq, Sayyid and Lodi) as well as other courts of the period such as Bengal, Gujarat, Malwa and Jaunpur found their own fortune by declaring independence during the weak time of their master's rule. They were totally not at fault as they did not do other than what their own masters did. The resultant sprouts were many, but few are noteworthy, namely sultanates of Bengal, Kashmir, Madura, Gujarat and Shahis of the Deccan. The web page is split into different sections to elaborate more on various Sultanates, please click on the thumbnail images below :
The SurisHistory & Coinage
Shahis of DeccanHistory & Coinage
LAST UPDATED 1st Nov 2001
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