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John II Comnenus, 15 August 1118 - 8 April 1143 A.D.
John II was the oldest son of Alexius I and succeeded to the throne in 1118. He was a good and capable ruler and did much to further the Byzantine Empire. He recaptured lost territory and added territory to the Empire. He attempted to curtail the trading privileges given to the Venetians but was forced to give up this idea. His reign was brought to an early end when he died in a hunting accident. His youngest son, Manuel I, succeeded him.
Pure gold does not tarnish or tone and sometimes ancient gold coins are found looking just as they did the day they were minted. Gold that is less than pure with a small amount of silver in the alloy can tone slightly red in the right environment.SH90885. Gold hyperpyron, DOC IV-1 1a; CLBC I 3.1.1; Morrisson BnF 60/Cp/AV/1 ff.; Wroth BMC 10; Ratto 2094; Grierson 1064; Sommer 60.1; SBCV 1938, gVF, light rose toning, flattened, weight 4.251 g, maximum diameter 33.0 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinopolis (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 1118 - 1122; obverse Christ seated facing on throne without back, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium, and colobium, raising right hand in benediction, Gospels in left, IC - XC flanking head; reverse +IΩ ∆EXΠOTH − Θς MP, Half-length figures of John II and the Virgin Mary facing, holding patriarchal cross between them; John wearing crown, loros and akakia, manus Dei above him emerging from clouds; the Virgin nimbate, wearing pallium and maphorium; ex Munzhandlung Ritter; SOLD
John II was the oldest son of Alexius I and succeeded to the throne in 1118. He was a good and capable ruler, and did much to further the Byzantine Empire. He recaptured lost territory and added territory to the Empire. He attempted to curtail the trading privileges given to the Venetians but was forced to give up this idea. His reign was brought to an early end when he died in a hunting accident. His youngest son, Manuel I, succeeded him.SH90889. Electrum aspron trachy, DOC-1 IV 8d; CLBC I 3.2.2; Morrisson BnF 60/Cp/El/3; Wroth BMC 46; Ratto 2098; Grierson 1068, Sommer 60.5; SBCV 1942, aEF, flan crack, weight 4.119 g, maximum diameter 33.1 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 1122 - 8 Apr 1143; obverse IC - XC (Greek abbreviation: Jesus Christ), Christ enthroned facing, throne without back, wearing nimbus cruciger, tunic and kolobion, raising right in benediction, Gospels in left, triangle of pellets at each end of cushion on throne; reverse IΩ/∆EC/ΠO/TH on left, Θ/ΓE/ΩP/Γ/I on right, John II and St. George standing facing, both holding a patriarchal cross on three steps between them; St. George nimbate, in military garb and with left hand on sword; dot (control symbol) below the tablion of the Emperor's chlamys; ex Jean Elsen sale V 116, lot 747; SOLD
According to the Golden Legend, a plague-bearing dragon lived in a lake near a city called Silene, in Libya. To appease the dragon, the people fed it two sheep every day. When the sheep failed, they fed it their children, chosen by lottery. It happened that the lot fell on the king's daughter, Sabra. Sabra was sent out to the lake, dressed as a bride, to be fed to the dragon. Saint George was ridding past when dragon reared out of the lake. He fortified himself with the Sign of the Cross charged it on horseback with his lance, and gave it a grievous wound. He then called to the princess to throw him her girdle. After he put it around its neck, the dragon followed the girl like a meek beast on a leash. The princess and Saint George led the dragon back to the city of Silene. It terrified the people at its approach, but Saint George called out to them, saying that if they consented to become Christians and be baptized, he would slay the dragon. The king and the people converted to Christianity and George slew the dragon. On the site where the dragon died, the king built a church to the Blessed Virgin Mary and Saint George, and from its altar a spring arose whose waters cured all disease.SH10983. Electrum aspron trachy, DOC IV-1 8b; Hendy pl. 10, 2; Morrisson BN 60/Cp/El/01; Wroth BMC 49; SBCV 1941; Sommer 60.4; Ratto -, gVF, clipped, weight 1.512 g, maximum diameter 24.6 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 15 Aug 1118 - 8 Apr 1143 A.D.; obverse Christ seated facing on throne without back, raising right in benediction, gospels in left hand, IC right, XC left; reverse + Iω ∆ECΠO / TH − Θ / EΓ / PΩ [...], John (wearing crown, divitision, and chlamys) and St. George (nimbate, in military dress, holding sword) standing facing, holding patriarchal cross with globus at base; ex Edward J. Waddell; scarce; SOLD
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Ratto, R. Monnaies Byzantines et d'autre Pays contemporaines à l'époque byzantine. (Lugano, 1930).
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